Teraflex: analogues of tablets, instructions for use
Teraflex (Terafleks) is a drug belonging to the group of chondroprotective and containing related elements of cartilage chondroitin and glucosamine.
Active ingredients Teraflex help reduce pain, increase joint mobility, stimulate the regeneration of cartilage, prevent further development of disease.
Description of the chemical composition of capsules medications that contain the active substances and auxiliary components:
- 500 mg of glucosamine hydrochloride;
- 400mg of chondroitin sodium sulfate;
- stearic acid;
- magnesium stearate;
- manganese sulfate.
Description of the pharmacological action
Chondroitin sulfates and glucosamine, are part of drugs for joint treatment, take an active part in the biological synthesis of connective tissue, stimulate its regeneration, prevents the mechanism of destruction of cartilage.
Glucosamine, presented in the form of sulfate salts, the substance is a precursor of hexosamine.
For the synthesis of glycosaminoglycans necessary sulfate anion, which in osteoarthritis reduces the need for NSAIDs relieve symptoms of the disease.
Introduction of exogenous glucosamine provides nonspecific protection of cartilage from damage by chemical, stimulates the production of cartilage matrix. The glucosamine there is another function – protection of the affected cartilage from destruction by the processes of metabolism, which may be caused by use of NSAIDs and corticosteroids.
Regardless of the fact whether the absorbed chondroitin sulfate sodium in the form of intact or is it individual components, the drug:
- serves for the formation of healthy cartilage matrix;
- stimulates the synthesis of collagen type II, proteoglycans, education gialuronon;
- supports the viscosity of synovial exudate;
- protects gialuronon cleavage enzyme (method of suppressing the activity of hyaluronidase);
- suppresses the activity of enzymes that break down cartilage (elastase, hyaluronidase).
Treatment should start with drugs terafleks advance that quickly relieves pain and at the same time starting stimulation for the updates of cartilage.
Further to protect cartilage and prolong the anesthetic effect it is recommended to take the teraflex.
Indications and contraindications
Indications for the use of the drug is degenerative-dystrophic diseases of joints and spine: osteochondrosis, osteoarthritis 1-3 degrees. All necessary information is in the attached manual.
The manual States that contraindications to the use of medication are:
- severe degree of renal failure;
- hypersensitivity to any component;
- lactation and pregnancy;
- children’s age;
- bronchial asthma;
- diabetes mellitus;
Instruction on methods of application and doses
Tablets or capsules taken orally (food not affected) and drink a small amount of water. Children over the age of 15 and adults capsules administered 3 times daily for 1штуке during the first 3 weeks.
Next: 2 times daily 1 capsule. The treatment lasts from 3 to 6 months.
If necessary, the course may be repeated. The duration of re-treatment in each case is determined individually.
The drug teraflex has side effects:
- possible violations of the digestive tract (diarrhea, constipation, flatulence, epigastric pain);
- peripheral edema;
- headache, dizziness;
- allergic reactions;
- drowsiness, insomnia;
- pain in the legs.
Today in pharmacies can buy (tablets, capsules and ointment) for the treatment of the joints, which mechanism of action – analogues of the Teraflex. The most popular of them – chondroprotectors mono — and complex composition:
- Artron complex.
Please note! Not every drug is for the joints presented in the article, is medicine. Some analogues Teraflex represent the dietary Supplements.
Artra drug American production, the best analogue Teraflex. The difference between these two medicines is the amount of glucosamine hydrochloride. The drug is produced in tablets, each containing 500 mg of glucosamine and the same amount of chondroitin.
As additional components in the Artra present: stearic acid, cellulose, magnesium stearate, calcium sulfate. The recommended course for adults: 1 tablet 2 times a day for 3 weeks. Then 1 tablet daily for six months.
Important! Treatment and dosage is presented only for informational purposes! Treatment of joints specified medicines need to determine a doctor. Self-treatment can cause weakened body irreparable harm.
Cartilage the don – the drug consists of glutamine sulphate (active substance) intended for use in diseases of the joints. Form of issue:
- capsule (tablet) 250 mg;
- the bags of 1.5 gr. glucosamine;
- solution for injection in vials of 400 ml.
The product has the ability to penetrate easily into the tissue of the intestine. 50% is excreted from the body within 68 hours. The therapeutic effect of dawn after the second week of reception is manifested by reduction of pain syndrome.
Instructions for use: the course of treatment is 3 months. Capsules should be taken daily 3 times a day for 1-2 pieces (or 1-th packet) for 20 minutes before eating. Intramuscular injection of a solution dons appoint 3 ml a day. The course is 6 weeks.
To enhance the effect, it is recommended to combine oral and parenteral use of the drug. Ampoules medicinal substances contain in their composition lidocaine, therefore, in the case of an overdose are possible following symptoms: disruption of the heart, numbness of the mucosa of the mouth, drowsiness, dizziness.
Structum – one analogue Teraflex. The current component is chondroitin sulfate. The drug is released in pharmacies in the form of capsules, tablets, infusion for intramuscular injections.
The mechanism of action of the funds is to accelerate the regeneration of cartilage tissue, the slow excretion of calcium. Adult patients drink 2 times a day for 0.75 g Therapeutic course of 3 weeks.
Children up to 1 year – 250 mg; from 1 to 5 years – 500 mg; after 5 years – 500-750 mg.
Intramuscular injections first do through the day to 0.1 mg., With satisfactory tolerability dose increase to 0.2 grams. All you need to do 35 injection. Treatment should be repeated after 6 months.
Andronov – contains chondroitin sulfate (200 mg), glucosamine hydrochoride (250 mg). Form release: capsules (30 PCs., 250 mg), ointment (10, 30 and 50 gr.) If you compare the drug with Antrocelas (analog), it becomes obvious that the composition has lost glycosaminoglycan and useful amino acids. Apparently so Andronova has a lower cost than the above-described analogs.
Acting component of the drug in the body is not destroyed and excreted along with the urine. Faeces leaves only a small portion of the drug. Andronova is indicated for use in arthritis and posttraumatic arthritis to restore mobility of the articular cartilage.
Arterials (BAA) is used to strengthen tissue and cartilage, spine, ligaments, and tendons. Another indication – rheumatism, in which there is streptococcal lesions of the heart valves.
Arterials available in tablets of 600 mg Dose for adults – 2 tablets 2 times a day during meals. If the patient is obese, the dosage should be increased.
The popularity of Arterials in patients with spinal osteochondrosis and arthrosis of the joints due to the fact that the product contains essential for connective tissue «building materials»: glucosamine, chondroitin, glycosaminoglycan, amino acids (glutamine, Proline, glycine, lysine).
BAD voted the best chondroprotectors and procollagenase similar to the Teraflex.
From the above facts we can draw the following conclusion: although the chondroprotectors and is popularly called «vitamins for joints», in practice it was found that with the wrong intake of drugs is unsafe.
Taking into account the composition of the combined drugs (Artron, Arterials), obvious is the fact that it includes additional components, overdose of which could trigger side effects in the form of disruption of the heart, dizziness, nausea and vomiting.
Given the high cost of chondroprotection and duration of the therapeutic course, with the calculations of the effective dose of glucosamine hydrochloride and chondroitin sulfate, it is necessary to consult a doctor who will prescribe the most efficient treatment and admission form (ointment, capsule, intra-articular injection).