Crunch and joint pain: causes and treatment
Most people are gnashing and crunching in the joints causes concern and forces us to seek help from a doctor.
This approach to the problem is absolutely correct, although there are cases (especially if the sounds are emitted musculoskeletal system of a young person), when these symptoms are quite natural and physiological.
They do not pose a threat to health and does not require the intervention of doctors. But, to verify this, you need to find out the true causes of the crunch.
Crunch can be natural
Crunching or crepitus of the joints – the phenomenon is quite physiological. To understand the reasons for what is happening and know what to do with that, you need to understand how it works joint. Almost all joints of the human body have a similar structure.
They consist of end surfaces of two or more bones. These end portions are covered with flat and smooth hyaline cartilage in the joint performs an important function. Hyaline cartilage provides smooth sliding of the bones against each other and reduce friction.
The joint is enclosed in a shell synovial capsule, which contains a small amount of the articular synovial fluid. This fluid reduces friction, provides additional hyaline cartilage nutrition and lubrication, which is necessary for sliding of bones without pain.
If the reasons for the crunch and pain in the joints is a long and heavy load, nothing to worry about, since it is quite natural, especially when we are talking about professional athletes.
Almost all the joints provided with additional shells-folds, called articular or Bursa bags. They serve to provide additional springiness when moving with high amplitude. Between these elements are connected by extra-articular and intra-articular ligaments.
Any movement entails the swing, stretching movements of all components of the joint. Therefore, from a joint, like any other mechanism, can come kind of sound.
It can be crackle, crackle, rattle, clatter, click. The intensity produced by the joints of the noise can also be different. Some sounds are imperceptible to the human ear, while others are clearly audible even to others.
The most frequent sound which is capable of producing the joints, the crunch. In medicine this phenomenon is called crepitus. Often crepitus noted in the knee joints and small joints of the hands. Crunch may be the spine, especially the cervical spine, there is also a crunch in the ankle joint.
Crepitus of diarthroses (if without pain) is not evidence of a pathological process occurring in the body. In most cases, it is present in perfectly healthy people.
The causes of the crunch and symptoms of pathology
- Poor nutrition.
- Flat feet.
- Wrong shoes and wearing high heels.
- The lack of exercise.
- Taking certain medications (oral contraceptives, glucocorticoids).
- Metabolic diseases and hormonal disorders.
- A professional sport.
- Heavy physical exertion.
Perhaps the most important reason why crepitate is overweight, and this condition may eventually evolve into osteoarthritis.
When in parallel with the crepitation are observed the following signs, it indicates the presence in the body of the disease. Here already it is necessary to do something.
- Joints not only crunch, but also sick.
- Crepitus is accompanied by swelling, redness, increased joint volume.
- It is noted in the joint motion limitation.
- Periodically, the feet is celebrated mowing and instability.
- Numbness of the feet.
- The crunch is so strong that to ignore it is no longer possible, and the condition is progressive in nature.
Natural causes of the crunch in the joints
If crepitus noted during exercise, do not worry. Adolescents crunch in joints is quite common and to do with nothing. This is due to the fact that in adolescence some body parts grow faster than others.
As a result, the structure of the joint is temporary and functional imbalance, which contributes to increased mobility of the joint. This is the reason for crepitate during active movements. But there are other natural causes of the crunch.
The weakness of the ligamentous apparatus, or even its greater elasticity. This cause has genetic roots. The fact that the collagen some people has a slightly different formula. Therefore, the ligamentous apparatus is characterized by high elongation. The articulation is hypermodernism, that is, the range of motion in the joint a lot more than other people.
This phenomenon usually can be observed in young women. Due to the development of degenerative processes that come with age, such hypermobility disappears and with it disappears and crunch.
In this case, to do nothing, because of the high extensibility of the ligaments does not affect human health and functionality of joints.
The accumulation of gas bubbles. In the synovial fluid are all the necessary elements that nourish the joint, including gaseous substances (nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide).
During movements of the joint capsule is stretched, which leads to lower pressure inside it. The laws of physics-soluble gases at this point are converted into bubbles, which then burst, which is accompanied by a characteristic sound.
The reason for crepitate may be the high protein content in the synovial fluid. Under this condition, the fluid acquires an increased viscosity and loses its ability to seamlessly provide the slide elements of the joint during movement. Externally, this manifests itself as a crackle of joints.
To cause increased protein content in the synovial fluid can a diet rich in protein or inflammation of the joint itself.
At constant active movements of joints synovia quickly consumed. To fill it takes time, that’s why during prolonged physical work in the joints crunch appears, which disappears after relaxation.
If between exercises to take breaks to rest, gradually the physiological reason for crepitate will turn into the pathological phenomenon in the joint there will be pain.
At the time when the joint suffers from a lack of lubrication of the end surfaces of the bones RUB against each other and destroy the hyaline cartilage. This leads to the development of osteoarthritis.
Pathological causes of crunch
To be absolutely convinced that the crunch in the joint is not pathological, that is, does not require treatment, the doctor needs to exclude all other diseases which also have this symptom.
The number one reason that can cause crepitus during movements, are degenerative-dystrophic changes. Such diseases as osteochondrosis or osteoarthritis is known to all. They can cause the gradual breakdown of cartilage in the joints. In the process this happens:
- the disappearance of the lubricant;
- the exposure surface of the bone;
- the crunch and pain.
Similar degenerative changes are observed in virtually all patients after 50 years. However, this pathology can catch them much earlier, even in adolescence.
The main cause of the disease is the wrong way of life:
- lack of exercise;
- irrational nutrition;
- walking on heels;
- excessive physical labor;
- pathology of musculoskeletal system;
- metabolic and endocrine diseases.
All of these factors contribute to the emergence osteoarthrotic changes that may affect the body almost all of the joints and cause excruciating pain. The main symptom of this disease is crepitation during movement.
Arthritis, arthrosis and other inflammatory diseases of the musculoskeletal system, regardless of the nature may be accompanied by a crackle and a crunch. However, these pathologies crepitus is a major symptom.
Such diseases are characterized by intense pain, swelling, morning stiffness of the joints, redness, deformity and impaired mobility. Because arthritis exists in different variations, its treatment, the task is difficult.
Sometimes the precipitating factor of the crunch of the joints are endocrine disorders and metabolic diseases. Such pathologies, gout, hyperparathyroidism, chondrocalcinosis and other osteochondropathy.
What to do for getting rid of the crunch
Naturally, if the joints and bones crack and hurt because of one of the above pathologies, the patient must first begin to treat the underlying disease. Getting rid of the causes of the crunch will eliminate not only the crepitation, and pain in the joint.
If the examination showed that joint disease are absent, but the crepitation still has a place, in this case, keep the following advice:
- If a person are body weight, they need to go and the sooner the better.
- Regular physical activity should be moderate and not cause pain. Use exercises, excessively loading the joint, is impossible. Ideally, the patient can go to the pool and swim.
- From hard mono-diet should be abandoned. Meals should be regular, rational, enriched with trace elements and vitamins.
- Shoes should be comfortable, and if necessary orthopedic. Heel height should not exceed four inches.
- You should always maintain correct posture and doing the prevention of scoliosis.
- In sports requires compliance with security measures.
- Prevention it is recommended to take group of drugs chondroprotection and various joint supplements.
- The diet must include products based on gelatin (strong meat broths, marshmallows, marmalade).
In conclusion, I must say that crepitus in the joints is often the norm and should not cause much concern. However, if a person has risk factors for pathologies of the joints, the movements appeared pain and other symptoms of joint diseases, it should alert and force the patient to undergo a medical examination. After all, any disease detected at an early stage, to treat much easier.