Aching in bones and joints: causes of pain
Now various diseases of the musculoskeletal system have become commonplace for most people. Almost everyone in varying degrees, concerned about the condition of the joints or bones.
But in some cases, symptoms of disorders associated not only with the direct deformation of the components of the musculoskeletal system, but also with various common diseases that people often cannot imagine.
Often people complain the doctor for body aches, especially common complaints of aching muscles and bones. Such feelings deliver tangible discomfort to patients, because poor health negatively affects the ability to work and maintain an active lifestyle.
Telling the doctor about changes in the body, many people hope to solve their problems. However, without careful assessment of the cause of pain in legs and muscles, it is impossible to fully eliminate discomfort.
The main reasons
Aching in bones and muscles can be a symptom of many diseases. Pain and discomfort appear as in some areas of the skeleton, and simultaneously throughout the body.
When a person starts aching joints, his first thought about the origin of a cold. If temperatures are high, the version of cold is the main.
However, this is not always the right conclusion, because these symptoms occur not only with colds, but with a whole list of various pathologies.
Many of the disease is not harmless and require immediate medical treatment.
Body aches may occur due to the following conditions:
- Depressive disorders,
- Infectious and inflammatory diseases: pneumonia, SARS, tuberculosis, hepatitis, pyelonephritis,
- Blood disorders such as lymphoma and leukemia,
- Constant fatigue
- Connective tissue disease: dermatomyositis, lupus erythematosus,
- Disorders of the joints: osteoarthritis, arthritis,
- Vascular disease of extremities: varicose veins, thrombophlebitis,
- Osteochondrosis with radicular syndrome,
- Tissue injuries: sprains, bruises,
- Malignant tumor
- Inflammation of the muscles: fibromyalgia, myositis tendons and ligaments.
These state that not all causes of aches or pain in the bones, muscles and joints.
But the above diseases are the most frequent instigators of discomfort in the body.
Body aches is one of the nonspecific symptoms characteristic of several diseases. Typically the ache is observed within intoxication syndrome, occurs when the effect of pathogenic factors on the body. It can be chemical, microbial, or viral causes.
In these cases, pain in the bones, muscles and joints can be combined with the following manifestations:
- High temperature,
- Constant lack of energy,
- Lowering efficiency,
- General weakness.
When the ache is felt only in some parts of the body, for example, a sore leg or arm, you should look for other causes of the condition.
Usually, the aches of the individual sections becomes the result of local inflammation or injury, this pain combined with:
- Change of skin color (this may be pallor, cyanosis or redness),
- The increased local temperature,
- A dysfunction of the plot.
With the development of local pathological process, as a rule, are expressed as pain, and not just small aches in the muscles or bones, as happens with colds.
In all diseases it is crucial to find a characteristic cause of ailments, this task pursues clinical examination of the patient.
Arthritis and osteoarthritis
As a rule, pain appears under the effect of arthritis or osteoarthritis. Inflammation in most cases, entail changes in the periarticular region. Redness, swelling and increased local temperature. In addition, the algorithm is broken limb movements that depend on the affected joint.
If a person suffer more joint groups, we can talk about the development of polyarthritis. In such cases, the discomfort can go to the neighboring areas, and creates the impression that the process has begun to engage the soft tissue.
If aching joints in the legs, it is important to study the causes of osteoarthritis. For the disease characterized by degenerative-dystrophic changes in the joints.
Eventually there comes a significant limitation of motor activity of the patient that prevents him to perform everyday actions and to their way of life.
There are the following clinical manifestations of the disease:
- Mechanical and starting pains, which appear at the beginning of the movement and increase under load,
- Friction and crunching of the joints,
- Permanent blocking of movements due to the infringement of the synovial membrane,
- Damage to the joints.
More vulnerable to osteoarthritis of the joints of the feet, because they are constantly exposed to high loads. However, often pain in the joints of the hands, especially the people working hands.
The causes of pain are very different, but if you experience pain in a certain part of the body and one limb, you should find out if there was any injury.
Unpleasant symptoms may occur in the joints, bones, ligaments or muscles, depending on what kind of fabric is damaged.
If there was an injury, usually damaged all the soft tissue, causing visible bruises and pronounced swelling.
When ligament rupture appears local tenderness and a small swelling. Fractures are characterized by crepitus and inability to perform certain movements.
If, after the accident I got an infection, the body temperature may rise.
In the treatment of aches in the muscles, bones or around the body, you have point affect the root cause. In the first place of importance is etiotropic treatment.
The aching bones and muscles should be eliminated by combination therapy, which gives a pronounced and long-lasting result. Depending on the disease, it is recommended that a therapeutic strategy that contains these methods:
- The use of drugs,
- Massage and therapeutic exercise,
Based on therapy, often is the use of medicines. Each drug must be assigned in accordance with clinical indications.
Taking into account a variety of factors of occurrence of aches in the body, can include such medicinal drugs:
- Antipyretics: ibuprofen, paracetamol,
- Antibiotics: cephalosporins, macrolides, penicillins,
- Painkillers and anti-inflammatory: meloxicam reosorbilakt,
- Detoxification: enterosgel, reosorbilakt,
- Antiviral: Amiksin, interferon, the doctor.
Some States require special therapy. For example, blood diseases, systemic diseases of connective tissue and tumors are appointed by cytostatics, hormones and immunosuppressants.
If there is osteoporosis, the doctor prescribes a vitamin D and calcium; osteoporosis – chondroprotectors. In vascular pathologies of the feet prescribed antispasmodics, antiplatelet agents and anticoagulants.
Methods of physical influence for the pathology must be justified by inflammation of soft tissue injuries, some types of chronic arthritis and osteoarthritis. In other cases, physical therapy is not only ineffective, but dangerous.
Physiotherapy treatments are not performed with blood diseases, tumors, systemic diseases of connective tissue. Treatment for these diseases can be as follows:
- Laser therapy,
- Electro — and phonophoresis.
- The paraffin treatment.
Treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system can’t do without physiotherapy. To maintain the functionality of the support system it is important to systematically perform certain exercises.
Articular exercises and exercises exercises enhance motor capabilities, enhance their muscle tone and strengthen the ligaments. Gymnastics is indispensable for the arthrosis, arthritis and injuries.
Before exercise and after exercise should be massage to consolidate the positive effect.
Sometimes doctors decide to perform surgery. Typically, this occurs if there is:
- serious injuries
- vascular diseases of the legs,
- osteoarthritis and degenerative disc disease in severe forms.
Depending on the nature of the disease can be removal of tumors, restoring patency of the vascular prosthesis and sutured the deformed tissues.