How to treat worms in chickens in the conditions of farms
Do chickens worms?
Helminthiasis – a disease triggered by parasitic worms. Any domestic animal, including poultry, to be at risk. At poultry factories producing poultry in the absence of contact with the environment, the probability of infection with helminths is minimized. In private farms the worms in chickens are more common, because when the content of the practice-range poultry outdoors. In this situation, even with all the hygienic conditions it is impossible to avoid contact of chickens with sources of infection.
Helminths have been detected in meat and eggs of infected poultry, therefore, a parasitic infestation of chickens can be dangerous to human health.
The bot threat in the absence of treatment. One individual can infect all the population. Disease is a common reason for loss beginners poultry. The affected individual loses weight, a long time recovering. The recovery period is characterized by low egg production and slow weight gain.
Methods of infection
The disease develops as a result of penetration of the larvae of parasitic worms in the digestive tract of a bird. Infestation occurs by eating contaminated food or drinking dirty water. Larvae are released into the environment with the dung of sick animals. Well preserved in the humid areas located in the shade.
Some parasites, such as roundworms, live in «reservoir hosts» — insects, which are also, in turn, are carriers of the disease. While walking in the open countryside poultry in contact with wild members, risks to adopt pathogen. Rodents – one of the most common sources of the disease.
Strict compliance with health standards and minimizing the contact of poultry with the environment is not fully exclude the likelihood of infection. The larvae of the parasite can be brought in the coop with outdoor shoes fancier. Sometimes you can buy already infected poultry or eggs. In the absence of quarantine of newly arrived individuals will be for livestock a source of infection.
Disease are more susceptible to juveniles under the age of 8-10 months. Hens older than one year in case of invasion often earn immunity without developing disease. However, in this case, infected poultry will be a source of infection for other individuals.
How to determine the presence of worms
The totality of the symptoms depends on the type of parasite. Different types of worms are localized in different organs of the bird, but they all penetrate through the digestive tract, which every time is one of the places of localization. Therefore, despite the specific features of any of the types of helminthiasis will have common symptoms.
Sick birds observed:
- severe emaciation;
- the low mobility;
- a decrease or lack of appetite.
Worm infestation is accompanied by indigestion. A bird defecates diarrhea, often with mucus or blood. In the feces of the worms can be seen.
Before you can treat worms in chickens for the diagnosis of droppings can be taken for laboratory analysis. This will determine the type of the causative agent and select the right tactics.
The affected individual is changed externally. The form is untidy, unkempt. Dirty feathers around the anus talk about frequent bowel movements.
Poultry should alert the pale coloring of the comb, how anaemic skin and cyanosed mucous membranes.
Sometimes the worms settle in aceprobado and penetrate the egg. Roundworm, the most common form of worms in chickens, violate the metabolism of vitamin A, reduces its digestibility. In this case, the eggs of affected birds becomes soft and thin.
If you suspect the disease you must immediately stop the use of poultry products like meat and eggs and to resolve the issue, how you get rid of parasites from diseased individuals.
The danger of parasites for birds
The infected bird becomes a source of infection for the entire population. The cause of the disease helminthiasis beginners poultry farmers often killed the entire population.
Parasites can take root in any body, but more often they affect the digestive tract, liver, lungs. The worms attach to the walls of the mucosa, suck blood. Individuals the patient develops anemia. The destruction of the walls of the intestines prevents normal absorption of nutrients. As a result, the organism dies from lack of food.
Worms produce toxins, causing functional disorder in the host organism: digestive disorders, the response of the nervous system (tremor, problems with coordination, orientation in space).
Parasitic worms tend to rapidly reproduce. The accumulation of parasitic mass can lead to rupture of the walls of the affected organ and the death of birds.
A recovering individual for a long time restores the lost mass and the capacity for carrying eggs.
Methods of treatment
Folk remedies are effective only at the stage of prevention. At detection of obvious signs of disease, medication is required.
Medicines are purchased as usual, and veterinary pharmacy. Available in tablets, powders, solutions and suspensions. To use the medical supplies you need in accordance with the instructions according to the specified dosages.
Be treatment individuals occupy in a room with a concrete floor. Handling infected birds group. The amount of the drug calculated from the norm of a substance per 1 kg of live weight. Medicine is best mixed with food and allowed to eat. Prior to treatment, the bird cannot feed and water for 10 hours. Drugs can be added to the water to drink, but as commented by experienced breeders, this method is less effective. Birds spill a significant portion of the water and receive the medicine at a dose less than therapeutic.
At the completion of treatment room clean from feces. Feces along with the Mat burn. Floors disinfected with a solution of carbolic acid or sodium hydroxide.
Drugs used in the treatment of helminthiasis, detrimental effect on parasites. Most of them cause paralysis of the neuromuscular system of the worm, so that the worms lose the ability to hold on to the walls of the internal organs of the host and naturally comes out.
The most commonly used drugs: Piperazine, Globenet and Levamisol-plus.
Piperazine is available in the form of compounds: hexahydrate, dithiocarbamates, salts of phosphorus and sulfur. Effective against most common helminth diseases of chickens – ascariasis. For therapeutic purposes, is fed to poultry of all ages, starting from the 2nd month of life. The dosage is 0.25 g or 1/3 tablet per kg of live weight. Before you treat the bird, the substance must be mixed in the feed. The resulting mixture was offering chickens on an empty stomach for 2 days in a row.
The treatment is appropriate to repeat in 6 days. Since the cure of poultry meat should not be allowed in food for 2 months. A ban on the use of eggs is valid till 7 days.
Globenet – broad-spectrum drug, produced in form of powder in a concentration of 1 and 2.5%. The substance is effective against parasitic worms at any stage of their development. Mixed in food at the rate of 3 g product for 1 kg of feed. After treatment of poultry eggs and meat can be eaten in 7 days.
Levamisol-plus is effective against most roundworms nematodes. Has an effect both on adults and larvae. The drug is diluted at the rate of 1 ml per 250 mg drinking. The substance is solder the bird for three days in a row. The drug has as antihelminthic and immunostimulating action. Meat and eggs of poultry is allowed to eat after 8 days at the completion of treatment.
Treatment of folk remedies
Vitamin supplements are an excellent way of prevention of helminthiasis. But making ready food for the birds, you can use folk remedies treatment. They contained valuable elements strengthen the immune system in chickens and hens, helping to resist parasitic infections.
The best folk remedies are:
- Pumpkin seeds
- Dried cranberries and rosehips
- Crushed needles
- Finely chopped onions with the skin
- The feathers of green onions
- Decoctions of sorrel and chamomile
In addition, regular litter, you can add branches of wormwood and tansy. These plants also contribute to the prevention of helminthiasis.
To prevent infection of livestock is necessary to comply with preventive measures:
- Contain separately the youngsters up to 4 months from the adults;
- Newly bought adult bird to treat de-worming drugs and survive in the quarantine at least 10 days;
- Daily to disinfect the space that contains the chickens, clean up litter, cleaning cages, using blowtorch;
- To prevent waterlogging of the litter;
- To change shoes at the entrance to the chicken coop;
- Arrange paddocks in well-lit areas;
- Time to cut the grass in the places of paddock.
The grower should know what to give the chickens drugs can not only as treatment but also as prophylaxis in doses below the therapeutic twice a year in spring and autumn.
Helminthiasis – dangerous and, if untreated, fatal disease in poultry. But timely events lead to full recovery of the individuals and regain the weight within 2 months of starting treatment.