Helmintox: application instruction for children and adults, indications, analogues
General information about the drug
The active ingredient of the medicine of Helmintox is the anthelmintic Pyrantel. He has a paralytic effect on adults and juveniles of the round worms of either sex. Immobilized worms quickly die, and are excreted during defecation. Minus Helmintox – has no effect on migrating larvae of parasites. So usually you need a repeat of the reception facilities.
Drug Helmintox effective in such diseases as:
- enterobiasis (Enterobius vermicularis agents);
- ascariasis (Ascaris lumbricoides causative agents);
- hookworm (Ancylostoma duodenale pathogen);
- necatoroz (pathogen Necator americanus);
- trihozefalez (pathogen is Trichocephalus trichiuru);
- mixed infestations of roundworms.
Active ingredient – Pyrantel practically not absorbed in the small intestine, its concentration in the blood after administration is low. Displays the tool in unchanged form in the faeces (93%), part transformirovalsya in the liver and excreted in the urine (7%).
Helmintox operates smoothly, does not damage the intestinal mucosa, with virtually no side effects. Sale drug in pharmacies is without prescription, but self-medication is strictly prohibited. If you suspect a worm infestation you need to seek the advice of a doctor, undergoing a comprehensive diagnosis.
Analogues Of Helmintox – Pyrantel, Nemocid, Vermoxum, Worm.
Method of application
Helmintox produced in the form of coated tablets, and also suspensions. Helmintox tablets is used to treat adults and school-age children (from 6 years). Young children recommended Helmintox suspension.
The drug is used inside, regardless of time of day and eating. The dosage depends on the age and weight of the patient.
Guidance on the application of tablets Helmintox
Therapy enterobiasis, ascariasis involves administration of 12.5 mg of the drug per 1 kg weight:
- Children 6 years take 1 tablet (125 mg) per 10 kg of weight.
- Adults weighing less than 75 kg drink 3 tablets of 250 mg.
- Adults weighing more than 75 kg drink 4 tablets of 250 mg.
The drug was repeated after 2-3 weeks. Is usually enough for single use drugs.
Treatment of hookworm in the area of epidemic infection lasts 2-3 days. Therapy involves a daily intake of 25 mg of product in 1 kg of body weight:
- Children from six years old drink 1 one tablet (250 mg) per 10 kg of weight.
- Adults with body weight less than 75 kg take 1.5 g of the drug.
- Adults weighing more than 75 kg take 2 g of the drug.
If infection with hookworm occurred outside the area of the epidemic, the dosages of the drug are the same as for the treatment of enterobiasis.
Method of application suspension
A suspension of Helmintox recommend that children under 6 years of age for the treatment of helminth infestations. Before use, the inside the bottle with shaken.
1 ml suspension contains 50 mg of active ingredient, measuring spoon has a volume of 2.5 ml and 125 mg of active ingredient.
Application instruction for children and adults in the treatment of enterobiasis and ascariasis:
- Children up to 6 years – 1 measuring spoon per 10 kg of weight once. Same dosage for children over 6 years.
- Adults weighing less than 75 kg at one time drink 6 scoops means.
- Adults weighing more than 75 kg at one time drink 8 scoops of suspension.
Taking your meds again after 3 weeks.
For the treatment of hookworm in areas of epidemic infection the dosage of the drug are:
- Children taking 250 mg (2 scoops) per 10 kg of body weight.
- Adults with body weight under 75 kg are 1.5 g of product.
- Adults weighing more than 75 kg take 2 g of product.
The course of treatment is 2-3 days. Dosage for the treatment of hookworm outside the area of the epidemic and enterobiasis no different.
Helmintox and its analogues are funds with a mild effect on the body. But there are cases when it is impossible to be treated using this drug.
- Liver failure.
- Myasthenia gravis (a pathological condition associated with rapid fatigue of striated muscle).
- Individual intolerance to the components of the medicine.
Helmintox be used with caution in children under 6 months and weighing less than 12.5 kg. it is Impossible to combine taking the drugs Pyrantel and piperazine. It is forbidden to use laxatives after applying Helmintox.
The use of medications during pregnancy and lactation
A modern and effective anthelmintic drugs have not been clinical trials that would apply them to pregnant women. The effect of Pyrantel on the body of the mother and on the child’s development was tested on laboratory mice. Studies have shown that Pyrantel does not cause malformations. This is due to poor absorption of the substance in the gut, it almost never enters the bloodstream.
Despite the relative safety of Helmintox for pregnant women, doctors prescribe it with caution when benefit to the mother more than the risk to the child.
Self-treatment with Helmintox not need to agree on the drug with a gynecologist. Dosages are also selected by the doctor.
Can I take Pyrantel in breastfeeding? Clinical trials do penetrates Pyrantel in breast milk, was not performed. Lactation cannot be treated with Helmintox. In the acute need of the drug feeding should be stopped. Usually missing one dose means. Feeding can be resumed 2-3 hours after ingestion of the drug.
Therapeutic doses are well tolerated by the body. In rare cases side effects:
- Pain, abdominal discomfort.
- Nausea, vomiting.
- Violation of appetite.
- Constipation, diarrhea.
- Violation of coordination of movements.
- Allergic reactions: redness and rashes on the skin.
Very rarely observed transient increase in body temperature, decrease in hearing and vision. About the appearance of any side effects must be reported to your doctor.
An overdose of the drug by the listed effects. There may be some disorientation, muscle spasms, obfuscation, anxiety. In case of overdose, you need to call an ambulance, stomach wash and start symptomatic treatment.
Specific instructions and recommendations
Receiving Helmintics for the treatment and prevention of worm infestation will be effective, if you follow the following rules:
- To take the drug needs of all family members. The risk of infection through dirty hands, common household items is very large.
- Disinfection of the premises. Before therapy is necessary to conduct a General cleaning.
- Hand hygiene. Hands should be washed with warm water and soap before eating, after visiting public places. Children need to cut short the nails.
- Washing and processing of linen. Bed and underwear need to wash in hot water, dry it, process steam. Change underwear during the treatment 2 times a day. Bed every day iron iron.
- A control treatment. By the time after use of the drug need to take a stool sample for the presence of helminth eggs.
If necessary, the reception of Helmintox prolong and repeat.
The use of Helmintox allows you to get rid of worms in one step. Treatment is carried out under the supervision of a physician. The medicine should not be used in presence of hepatic insufficiency and intolerance of components, as well as children under 6 months and nursing mothers. During the treatment of helminthiasis need to strictly observe the rules of personal hygiene.