Valsacor diuretic or not: the composition, instructions for use
Pharmaceutical agent «Valsacor» has two actions: hypotensive and diuretic. This combination significantly increases its effectiveness in the fight against blood pressure that is greater than the upper limit of normal. It is recommended to take the medicine after consultation with a doctor, who will determine the individual dosage depending on the diagnosis and General condition of the patient. Self «Vilcacora» increases the risk of unwanted side effects.
The composition and form of issue
In the drugstores you can buy the drug «Valsartan» in the form of tablets which are placed in blisters of 7, 10, 14, and 15 pieces. Each cardboard box contains 2-4 record. Part of the tablet contains two active ingredients — valsartan and hydrochlorothiazide and these additional components:
- milk sugar;
- food emulsifier Е572;
- microcrystalline cellulose;
- croscarmellose sodium;
- food dye E172;
- titanium dioxide.
Pharmacology and pharmacokinetics
Presented the drug «Valsacor» based on such medicinal substances as valsartan, which has a hypotensive effect, and gidrokhlorisiazit, acting as a diuretic substance. Thus, «Valsacor» helps reduce blood pressure and takes an active part in the excretion of excess fluid from the body with urine. Diuretic effect of the drug is achieved through the reabsorption of particles, chlorine, magnesium, water and potassium in the distal part of the nephron. The drug delays the export of the body’s calcium ions and microcrystalline crystals of sodium salts. Combined means «Valsacor» lowers high blood pressure, without affecting its normal performance.
The diuretic effect appears after 1-2 hours, after taken the tablets and continue to be in effect for 6-12 hours. The maximum efficacy of a drug observed after 4 hours. The antihypertensive effect is described medications is maintained 24 hours Feature «Vilcacora» is the lack of changes in heart rate, it contributes to the reduction of pronounced edema, eliminates shortness of breath and breathing noises. Displays the medication from the body through the kidneys and intestines.
Indications for use
Assigned «Valsacor», which has a diuretic effect, for the treatment of the following diseases:
- dysfunction of the cardiac muscle;
- high blood pressure;
- myocardial infarction (as maintenance therapy);
- hypertension that cannot be treated with monotherapies.
It is not recommended to use this pharmaceutical agent in the period of breastfeeding, women in the position of children up to 18 years of age and hypersensitivity to the ingredients of the «Vilcacora». In addition, contraindications to the use of this medication are:
- severe liver pathology and liver dysfunction;
- low blood levels of sodium, calcium and potassium;
- individual intolerance to galactose.
Use of the drug may experience the following negative symptoms:
- violation of the chair;
- gag reflex;
- stagnation of bile;
- sleep disorders;
- muscle and joint pain;
- a sharp decrease in blood pressure;
- heart palpitations;
- renal dysfunction;
- noise in the ears.
It is recommended to use pharmaceutical «Valsacor» directed by your healthcare practitioner. It often happens that the dosage of the drug depending on the diagnosis is as follows:
- For hypertension is 80 mg per day, divided into 2 doses.
- Patients who have had myocardial infarction, 20 mg 2 times throughout the day, and then gradually increase the dosage to 160 mg.
- Chronic disruption of the functioning of the heart 40 mg twice a day. If necessary, the dosage may be increased up to 80-160 mg per serving, i.e. in the day, the highest dose may be 320 mg, but provided a good tolerability of the medication.
Cases of overdose of the medicine «Valsacor» have been identified. But a likely symptom of overdose is severe low blood pressure, which is often accompanied by disturbance of consciousness and shock. Patient can feel weakness, fatigue, cramps. Treatment of overdosage symptoms based on the use of chelators.
Interaction of diuretic with Valsacor
The joint use of «Vilcacora» potassium-sparing diuretics and supplements of potassium, there is a risk of hyperkalemia. Taking in combination with hydrochlorothiazide, increase side effects of the glycosides. In parallel the use of hypoglycemic and protivopodagricakih drugs significantly weakens their influence on the body.
Conditions of sale and storage
Released the pharmaceutical preparation «Valsacor» from pharmacies exclusively by prescription. The shelf life with proper storage is 2 years. The medication must be in a room with a temperature not above 25 degrees Celsius and away from small children. It is important that the packaging of pills did not penetrate direct sunlight.