Uterus presses on the bladder: causes, symptoms

Often patients are turning to professionals with complaints that something presses on the bladder. The feeling of pressure accompanied by discomfort and constant urinary urges. Cause, when the uterus presses on the bladder, can also be a variety of pathologies that should be considered in more detail.

Symptoms and causes pressure of the uterus on the bladder

Often pressure on the bladder occurs during pregnancy. Given the fact that the uterus is in close proximity to the bladder cavity, it puts pressure on the bladder, gradually increasing in size during the period of pregnancy. Often urination so pronounced that a woman does not have time to reach the toilet and some urine involuntarily flows out. However, apart from pregnancy there are a number of other causes of compression of the bladder:

  1. Obesity. A large amount of fat that accumulates around the organs of the abdominal cavity, puts pressure on the bladder. Symptoms there are the same — the patient experiences frequent urinary urges and difficulties in containing urine.
  2. The increase in organs adjacent to the bladder.
  3. Tumors of nearby organs are different in nature.

Uterine fibroids

A benign tumor, which is composed of connective and muscular tissue, called uterine fibroids. The most common pathology in the female up to the age of forty. Reasons for the formation of fibroids, not so much:

  • disorders of the endocrine system;
  • disruptions in metabolism;
  • abortion of any kind.

Formed fibroids in the uterus women, develop it can and the external walls of the body. At first the tumor is small in size, comparable to the head of a pin, over time, the fibroid becomes large in size, reaching the size of melons, and begins to exert direct pressure on the bladder. In addition to frequent urination, to the first symptoms of fibroids include disturbances in the menstrual cycle and pain sensations in the lower abdomen. Diagnosed with uterine fibroids via ultrasound. Treatment of the disease includes a complex of measures, which includes hormonal medications and surgery. Hormones cannot fully affect the disappearance of benign tumors, they only slow down its growth.

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Uterine prolapse

A condition where the body excessively descends into the vagina almost falling out of it, called uterine prolapse. Pathology can occur in women of any age, but most affected patients aged over 50 years. Held organ in the abdominal cavity due to the ligamentous apparatus. In situations where the muscle tone of the device is disturbed, the uterus descends and exerts pressure on the bladder. Contribute to the prolapse of the organ can causes are:

  1. Injury of the pelvic floor muscles.
  2. Injuries received during birth. Often occur due to the extraction of the child with forceps.
  3. Surgical procedures that touched on the intimate organs.
  4. Congenital abnormalities of the genitourinary system.
  5. His advanced age.
  6. A large number of pregnancies and births.
  7. Frequent lifting of heavy objects.
  8. Excessively increased pressure in the region of the peritoneum. Is due to obesity, chronic diseases and constipation.

The most common symptoms of uterine prolapse experts include:

  • blood spotting;
  • pain at the bottom of the abdominal cavity;
  • menstrual cycle;
  • pressure on the bladder cavity.


Pregnancy provokes an increase in the size of the uterus, due to which the body exerts strong pressure on the bladder, commensurate with the tumors. For a long time to hold urine in the bladder cavity is not recommended, therefore, experts recommend women to empty bladder every half hour even in cases when it is not full and the urge at this point is not observed. If in time not to visit the toilet, the uterus begins to put pressure the bladder cavity itself, which is fraught with miscarriage.

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During pregnancy, the uterus ceases to press on the bladder, lifting a little higher, and the woman often feels no discomfort and constant urges. However, in the third trimester of pregnancy, the fetus gradually descends, respectively, and lowered his head. Now on my bladder cavity presses the baby’s head, creating a pressure the same discomfort and frequent urinary urges.

Frequent urination can speak about the relaxation of the sphincter. The fact is that during pregnancy a woman’s body begins to secrete the hormone progesterone, which acts on the sphincter, responsible for controlling the excretion of urine, relaxing way. Because of this, pregnant women often can not fully restrain the urge to urinate.

During pregnant women especially important to carefully monitor your health and any changes in it. In cases where the urine does not cause excessive discomfort in the bladder and in the process it hurts nothing, woman, nothing to worry about as frequent urinary urges physiologically determined. If there is another symptoms, the patient should immediately seek the advice of a specialist.

Diagnosis and therapy

In situations when women feel pressure on the bladder, they should be sure to ask the therapist, who will send them to the gynecologist and will hold the needed diagnostics. If a woman is diagnosed with pregnancy, there is no cure to assign is not required, since the pressure is generated due to natural causes. If the pregnancy is missing, the specialist conducted a study that shows the presence of tumors of different origin on the reproductive organs.

First and foremost, the patient will have to undergo a pelvic or transvaginal ultrasound during which the doctor sets the size and shape of tumors. If fibroids are diagnosed by specialists with the help of curettage of the uterine cavity is taken a small amount of organ tissues to study.

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In addition to ultrasound, often resort to the help of heterotopia, which gives the opportunity to examine the uterine cavity. Also used hysterosalpingography which is an x-ray diagnosis of uterine diseases, based on the introduction of contrast agents. Using this study, experts determined the presence of tumors, their number, location and size.

Remove uterine fibroids with surgical intervention only in those situations when she starts to over-pressure on the bladder cavity. In other cases, when pathology disturbs the patients and they have no pain in the abdomen, resorted to only to hormonal treatment medications, giving thereby the tumor to increase in size. Women will soon begin menopause, doctors advise to wait for it to start and not to think about surgery to remove tumors because early menopause fibroids body is markedly reduced in size almost two times.