Urethritis during, and after pregnancy: symptoms, treatment
The growing uterus presses on the pelvic organs, resulting in various pathologies in these organs. Quite often, doctors see urethritis during pregnancy, which inflamed mochevyvodyashih channel. Often the pathological condition is a weakened immune system women against the background of change of a hormonal background. Disease discomfort to a pregnant woman, and the urination is accompanied by pain and a burning sensation. At the first sign a woman should seek the advice of doctors to avoid complications.
The disease is fairly common and is often found in pregnant women. It is characterized by an inflammatory process in the urethra, as a result of entering into the body of the infection and bacteria of all kinds. Often, urethritis is due to injury to the urethra or use hygiene products that irritate the mucous membrane. During pregnancy you should not ignore the symptoms of the disease and should immediately take treatment to avoid complications that affect women’s health and fetal development.
Depending on the source of exposure, there are two types of urethritis: infectious and noninfectious. Any this form the wall of the urethra is injured, but in different cases the degree of damage is different. When infectious urethritis in the urethra penetrate the bacteria and various harmful organisms (chlamydia, gonorrhea, and others) that damage the body.
Infectious urethritis is a significant health risk to pregnant women and adversely affects the normal development of the fetus.
For non-communicable disease in the body is not observed harmful pathogens and pathology occurs due to injury, allergies or changes in the structure of the urethra (narrowing, compression, bending) due to the pressure of the fetus. If pathology is not treated, it will gradually develop into infectious urethritis.
Causes of urethritis
When women have the situation diagnosed with urethritis, then immediately talk about lower immunity. Bacteria which have taken place in the female body, the hormonal disruption and imbalances in the body activated and began to proliferate. Doctors have identified such causes of urethritis in pregnancy:
- kidney stones or urinary bladder, which damaged the mucous membrane of the urethra at the exit;
- a small amount of fluid in the body;
- lack of personal hygiene;
- infectious diseases that are transmitted sexually.
The infection can be in a woman’s body before conception, but seen during pregnancy. For a number of reasons pathologies include allergies and unstable emotional state of a woman. Urological abnormalities or problems in the urinary system, the urethra is exposed to inflammation. The woman should follow the diet and do not overload themselves physically, to prevent urethritis.
Symptoms of urethritis during pregnancy
The clinical picture of urethritis in pregnant women is not different from the common symptoms. There is only a more vivid and intense manifestation. But often the pathology is not revealed and the woman is not experiencing discomfort and signs of illness, so the pathology is not treated and progresses. The doctors there are the following symptoms of urethritis:
- frequent urination;
- mucus and pus from the urethra;
- swelling on the genitals;
- pain and itching in the allocation of urine;
- pus in the urine.
If you do not pay attention to the above symptoms, then soon the pathology goes into a chronic form that is more difficult to treat and carries the risk to the fetus. You should immediately contact to a gynecologist and perform comprehensive diagnostics to affect not only the symptoms but also the source of the disease.
What is the danger?
Complications and consequences depend on what form of pathology in the patient. The most dangerous is the urethritis of an infectious nature. In this case there is the probability of infection and harmful bacteria into the uterus, they begin to multiply in the amniotic fluid. It will affect the normal development of the fetus and endanger his life. The most dangerous is urethritis which is caused by chlamydia. In this case, cause significant harm to future baby. In the presence of gonococci jeopardizes the life of the fetus. Pathology leads to such complications:
- heavy pregnancy;
- untimely birth;
- the birth of a dead infant;
- placental insufficiency;
- spontaneous miscarriage;
- anomalies in fetal development.
In non-infectious urethritis the likelihood of complications is not so great, but if the pathology is not treated, it threatens infection. To avoid this outcome and prevent complications should be signs to go to the doctor for help. Early detection of pathology gives more chances for successful recovery.
Diagnosis during pregnancy and after childbirth
If urethritis during pregnancy should conduct a comprehensive diagnosis to determine not only the presence of pathology, but also its appearance. The physician first explains the symptoms that concern women, and how long ago they occurred. Details interested in the lifestyle of the patient and clarifies if the other diseases in the chronic form, or inflammatory processes that last a long time. In addition to consulting a doctor, using such approaches in the diagnosis:
- discharge from the urethra take analysis to figure out whether there is pathology and in what form;
- conduct. and urethrography;
- it seems to urine bacterial culture, which determines how sensitive the causative agent of the pathology to antibiotics;
- an ultrasound study to see whether there is damage to the structure of the organ.
Urethritis after birth the newborn is able to cause no less harm than pregnancy, because the infection can damage vital organs. In most cases, the additional studies that are aimed at the diagnosis of fetal development. Doctors find out a damaged bodies of the unborn child, did not have urethritis negative influence on him. In infectious disease there is a high likelihood of complications, which primarily affect the child.
Treatment of urethritis in pregnancy
Depending on what degree and type of lesion of the urethra, select individual treatment. First, choosing medicinal drugs, should know, they won’t if they are significant harm to the fetus. The most dangerous urethritis is in the first trimester, since in these terms the formation of organs and systems of the future baby.
A pregnant woman should not pick up his medications and to self-medicate is lead to the aggravation of the problem.
Infectious disease doctors prescribe the patient medication local effects (creams, ointments, gels). Antibiotics try to apply in exceptional cases. With conservative treatment the woman needs to follow a special diet. Often therapy is conducted in a hospital environment, to be able to constantly monitor the condition of the patient and the fetus. The woman is prescribed remedies that restore the normal microflora of the urethra. Treatment is aimed at strengthening the immune system. If these treatments do not help, then carry out the cauterization of the mucosa of the urethra chemical. In this case, in place of the formed scab is growing new tissue.
To avoid urethritis during pregnancy, is to carry out regular maintenance. First and foremost, a woman should carefully monitor the health of, and as soon as something hurts to contact a doctor. In cold weather it is necessary to dress warmly to prevent hypothermia. Any stress and failure to intimate hygiene, can lead to urethritis. A woman carrying a child needs to eat properly and not overdo it. Very important is the permanent sexual partner of a woman who needs to be healthy.