Trihopol cystitis: how to take, contraindications
Cystitis — an infectious disease manifested by inflammatory processes in the bladder. «Trykhopol» cystitis is often administered by specialists in the complex therapy for anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial action and helps to get rid of various bacteria and parasites, including Giardia and Trichomonas.
The composition and form of issue
The drug is produced in the form of a white and round pill with line dividing down the middle. Tablets tend to turn yellow under direct sunlight. Packed and supplied in blister packs of 20 tablets containing 250 mg of active substance — metronidazole. The composition further includes a gelatin, starch syrup and potato starch.
«Trykhopol» recommended for the treatment of infectious-inflammatory diseases that cause parasitic microorganisms, for example, cystitis. Antibacterial effect of the tablets is based on the ability to suppress the synthesis of nucleic acids in bacterial cells, which subsequently undergo extinction. «Trykhopol» quickly absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract, and the maximum impact occurs after 2-3 hours after ingestion. In the body to digest up to 80% of the active substance medication that is a rather high indicator.
Like cystitis to accept Trichopolum?
In cases where the cystitis has been caused by the bacterium Trichomonas, to drink the drug should 3 times a day, 1st pill. The therapy should last about 3-4 days, and if necessary repeat the treatment of cystitis can be a month later. If cystitis cause anaerobic bacteria, experts prescribe the patient intravenous solutions «Trichopolum», later replaced by the tablets. Treatment takes place over 4-7 days. It is important to remember that the correct dosage can be prescribed only by a physician based on the individual characteristics of the organism.
Special groups of patients
Children and adolescents under 18 years of age, not prescribed drug cystitis if they are already taking amoxicillin. It is forbidden to take «Trichopolum» and women whose period of pregnancy less than 12 weeks. If the period of pregnancy more than 12 weeks to use the medicine on the strict condition and only under constant supervision of a specialist.
In cases of overdose «courses Beadle trichopolum» there is increased side effects such as vomiting, nausea and dizziness. There are more severe cases where an overdose causes impaired balance, numbness, and convulsions. Treatment of overdose consists of gastric lavage and elimination of symptoms. The lethal dose for humans has been identified.
There are a number of side-effects caused by the drug in combating cystitis. Side effects in the digestive organs:
- violation of the natural functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, accompanied by pain in the digestion process;
- sensation of dryness in the mouth;
Side effects to the nervous system:
- non-inflammatory lesions of the nerves;
- the primary lesion of the muscles;
- impaired vision, due to which the visible image of the object is doubled;
- headache and dizziness.
Side effects in the organs of hematopoiesis:
- reduced number of platelets;
- reduced level of leukocytes.
Other side effects:
- allergies of different kinds;
- changes in color of urine due to the presence in the tablets of water-soluble dyes.
«Trykhopol» has the ability to potentiate the effect of coumarin derivatives, therefore, during the joint application should review the dosage of drugs that depress the activity of blood clotting. Drugs acting on the hepatic microsomal enzymes, increase or reduce the effect of «Trichopolum». For example, drugs affecting the synthesis of microsomal liver enzymes («Phenobarbital»), reduce the effects of «Trichopolum» helping the kidney excrete the drug faster from the body. Tools-hibitory («Cimetidine») increase the action «Trichopolum» as extend the timeframe of the withdrawal of drugs from the body. In cases the drug is applied together with preparations containing lithium, professionals must strictly follow the content of this element in the patient’s blood, often because its concentration leads to toxic effects.
Contraindications to the use of «Trichopolum» cystitis are:
- renal failure (because of the slow digestive process, the concentration of the active component «Trichopolum» in blood plasma increases);
- hepatic disease (slowed metabolism);
- any lesions of the nervous system;
- individual intolerance of individual components of the drug.
Analogues of the drug
The main counterparts «Trichopolum» are:
- «Metrogyl gel»;
- «Metrogil vaginal cream».
With caution to take the drug should patients of advanced age. In cases when there is an imbalance, dizziness and other deterioration in neurology, receiving «Trichopolum» should be discontinued. To avoid the use of medication and patients who have a disorder of pigment metabolism with a high content of porphyrin in the blood. At long treatment cystitis remedy you need to follow the liver.
In the course of therapy «courses Beadle trichopolum» patients should refrain from consumption of alcoholic beverages, so as not to cause side effects such as nausea, vomiting, and a sudden rush of blood to the face. Also it is undesirable to take alcohol and later, 2 days after the end of therapy. Taking the drug, you should avoid hazardous activities that require quick reaction and concentration such as driving and working with a variety of mechanisms.