The urethral mucosa prolapse in women: treatment, symptoms
Prolapse of the urethra — a condition in which the urethra comes out. The problem is the lack of elasticity of the tissues. Need treatment for loss of the urethra. Pathology occurs in women. More susceptible to disease girls up to 15 years and women age. The reason for this is underdeveloped or weakened submucosal structures of the urethra.
Form of pathology
The connective tissue of the urethra may be exposed to injuries or other diseases. Strong amorphous tissue structures may lead to prolapse of the urethra. Loss comes in two forms: full or partial. In complete prolapse the mucous membrane of the urethra uniformly positioned around the opening of the urethra. If there was partial eversion of the mucosa, there is asymmetry from one side.
There are also such forms as prepubertatne and postmenopausal. The first case occurs in girls who have not reached puberty, and the structure of the mucosa have not developed fully. Postmenopausal form occurs in women at menopause. When the menstrual cycle stops, the structure changes and ovarian function weakened.
The causes of prolapse of the urethra
Finally the doctors could not determine the specific cause of the disease. Often hair loss to occur due to injuries, which are the urethra. At the same time weaken the muscles and connective tissue of the internal organ. Often, the disease occurs after prolonged or difficult birth. Cause of pathology are congestion related to work. At risk are athletes engaged in heavy sport.
Other grounds for the loss of the mucous membrane of the urethra:
- inflammatory processes in the urogenital system or chronic diseases (urethritis, cystitis);
- constipation, a bad cough, when the pressure increases in the abdominal cavity;
- a small amount of estrogen;
- the special structure of the urethra (small and wide), but this cause is rare.
The disease was observed in women who had a tumor disease and / or kidney stones kidney disease. The disease is both separate is a symptom of a more serious ailment. At the same time from the submucosal base detaches the mucous membrane of the urethra, and it is loss. You should consult a doctor and find out the true root cause of the disease not to delay treatment.
The symptoms of loss of the mucosa of the urethra in women
The first time the woman may not feel any symptoms of the disease and not even suspect about its presence. But after some time there is slight swelling and redness, and these symptoms increasing with each passing day. Sometimes the outer labia become bluish color, the disease extends to the internal sex organs. If you do not take timely treatment measures, then there are infections in the field, in the mucosa appear bloody wound, the pain is felt. Present these symptoms:
- frequent urge to the toilet, sometimes false;
- incontinence or, conversely, slowing the selection of urine;
- pain when urinating or walking;
- frequent urination;
- the presence of blood in urine.
At loss of the urethra may be normal color, but it happens and its infringement. At the same time on the mucosa there is swelling, it becomes reddish, there is a little bleeding. If the problem and leave, then there is a swelling of the urethra. Do not ignore the above symptoms and when first manifestation to see a specialist for help.
First the doctor is interested in overall health status of the patient, and the disturbing symptoms. Then the urologist will perform the inspection of the genital organs and determines the extent of the disease. He finds out from the patient how long had discomfort because of foreign education and whether there is bleeding. For a more accurate picture assign a catheterization, in which empty their bladder, and conduct research. Do a cystoscopy to examine your bladder using an endoscope. Additionally appointed consultation with a qualified gynecologist.
Treatment of prolapse of the urethra
Prolapse of the urethra in women is in need of timely medical care. When disease used conservative or operative therapy, depending on the severity of the disease. Medical treatment involves the use of sitz baths with herbal decoctions, which reduce blood flow. Conducted antibiotic therapy to eliminate infection from the body, and prescribe drugs that enhance estrogen. Then the patient has the right to the same place of the urethra and fix it with a catheter. With good performance, it is removed in two weeks.
If conservative treatment does not give proper results, refer to surgeon. This surgery is directed at the plasticity of the urethra, the procedure is called urethropexy. In severe cases, produce remove the damaged area of the urethra. But you need to be careful during pregnancy, there could be a relapse.
Complications and consequences
Pathology is not able to cause significant harm, if the time to pay attention to symptoms and seeking treatment. If it is not treated, a number of unpleasant complications, which is more difficult to cure. If the loss of the shell of the urethra is in a weighted form, that opens the bleeding in the urethra. This complication is dangerous and can be life-threatening.
When disease is prolapse of the bladder, he begins to squeeze the urethra the mucous out, it could lead to infection and ulcers of the prolapsed part. In the internal organs of blood circulation, which causes the appearance of infections. There is a urethritis, inflammation of the urethra. Without treatment pathology over time becomes chronic.
To prevent disease, you must be aware of preventive measures. They are not difficult and will provide health and normal functioning of the pelvic organs. Pay attention to your diet: it must contain meat, vegetables and fruit. It is recommended to reduce the consumption of fried and fatty foods. You should lead a healthy lifestyle, walk more and do physical exercise. There are special exercises to maintain pelvic floor muscles. Don’t forget about vitamin which supports the immune system in the norm. Women should refrain from excessive physical activity and lifting weights. If a slight loss, it is recommended to use a cream, which includes estrogen.