Smear from urethra in women: transcript, normal, how to take
Urological analysis is needed to identify women’s disease, smear from urethra in women is part of a clinical trial. For a full investigation and resolution accurate diagnosis, the physician takes a scraping from the cervical canal and the vaginal. Is the cervical canal into the uterus and connects the uterus with the vagina. It’s a simple and fast procedure, sometimes painful character. The study stroke is a bacteriological examination of the collected material.
What is the research?
For the diagnosis of urogenital diseases need clinical examination of discharge from the urethra. Thanks to the analysis of flora can be found in women infectious or venereal disease. You must pass analysis of the discharge from the urogenital organs, discomfort during urination, pain in urethra and vagina. Often microscopy of urethral discharge is performed as prevention. The results of the analysis help to choose the most appropriate treatment. Analysis is important when planning to conceive a child, in this case, taking material from the urethra is a necessity for women and for men.
Why hurt while taking a smear from the urethra in women?
The process of taking a smear the short, but often painful. This happens due to the fact that the body in the presence of the disease is inflamed and damaged. Any mechanical intervention discomfort. Who handed over the analysis, said that after taking a smear it hurts to write, increases the amount of discharge from the urethra. It’s not dangerous, but indicates pathological processes that require immediate expert intervention. If, after the smear from the urethra there is pain after urination you need to drink more water to increase urination. If you often go to the toilet, pain after analysis are faster. After we took a scraping from the cervix, pain in lower abdomen and excreted blood. In healthy individuals the procedure is painless and after the procedure, they are not painful to urinate.
To smear was credible, the procedure requires some training. 7 days prior to analysis to complete the reception of external and internal medicinal preparations. After menstruation should take a week to get material from the urethra. Sexual intercourse, alcoholic beverages for 24 hours before analysis is prohibited. Wash the genitals should be done 3 hours before visiting the doctor, so as not to change the microflora. Before taking the material, you need to refrain from using the toilet. To take the tank planting is best in the morning.
How to pass a swab, what is it?
Is taking a smear from the urethra in women 2 methods. The first way may be painful, its process is to collect epithelial cells, which will be sent for analysis. To do this, use the special tool. It is introduced into the urethra a few inches. The applicator is slightly pressed against the wall of the canal of the urethra, is removed slowly rotating. The second method does not cause severe discomfort and can be applied only when you explicitly discharge from the urethra. This woman introduced the finger into the vagina, then push the front wall. Special tool collect discharge from the urethra for the study of stroke.
The results of the analysis, decoding
Show microscopic examination of the smear may be the number of white blood cells, red blood cells and squamous epithelium. The presence of pus, bacteria, mucus and pathogens, what is the status of the microflora of the urethra. Transcript of smear is conducted by the attending doctor. After treatment, a swab for rent again. The repeated study should be carried out in the same lab as in the first analysis. As smear results may vary in different laboratories.
- Epithelial cells — up to 10.
- In urinary leukocytes — up to 5, in the vagina up to 10, in the cervix up to 15.
- Red cells — up to 2 units.
- The yeast in the urethra and cervix are absent in the vagina a small amount.
- The mucus the cervix and the vagina moderately, in the urethra is absent.
Deviations from the norm
Epithelium increases if the disease progresses or has been moved. Therefore, to rely solely on these indicators correctly. The number of white blood cells, red blood cells increases as the disease becomes more severe. Yeast in the urethra indicate dysbiosis. The presence of mucus in the urethra, and the excess on the walls of the vagina and the cervix indicates the presence of infectious disease. For detection of the pathogen is necessary to conduct additional tests, including bacterial seeding of the urethra in women. For a more accurate diagnosis of the pathogen is necessary to take a blood smear and PCR diagnosis.
Norm and pathology in pregnancy
Pregnant need to be checked regularly for infection. Infectious disease requires timely treatment, the child was born healthy and the pregnancy was comfortable. The normal microflora during pregnancy is the same as other women. If the clinical analysis shows excess leukocytes, epithelial cells, erythrocytes, mucus this indicates the presence of pathogenic microorganisms. To confirm the result, you need to pass additional tests.
What is the treatment for bad tests?
If microscopic examination of the discharge of the urinary organs revealed the presence of infectious diseases, we need to start working on the case. Delayed treatment leads to complications and disease transition in the chronic form. The acute phase of inflammation of the urogenital area for a short time period. Then the disease enters the stage of imaginary relief. The pain may for a time disappear altogether. However, the process of development of pathogenic bacteria increases and further affects the urinary system. Treatment appoint a doctor based on the results of the analysis.