Red urine in children: causes color change
The color of urine to red color often indicates the presence in the composition of red blood cells, called hematuria. Among the causes of unnatural colors distinguish those that are not dangerous for the body. Since these symptoms may signal contact with the body of infection or development of disease should contact a doctor for advice.
Causes of discoloration of urine in a child on red
Reddish urine may occur due to taking products, a composition which contains dyes of natural or synthetic origin. Medicines, for example, vitamin complexes, also affect the color. Color changes can occur due to excessive excretion with urine of sodium and potassium, due to acute inflammatory or infectious processes, formation of stones in kidney, ureter or bladder. Injuries of the urinary system, disturbances in the process of blood clotting and excessive physical exertion can affect the color of urine.
If the newborn is observed reddish urine, this is not a sign for concern. Such a color occurs due to the dietary habits, namely feeding liquid oozing from the breast of the mother immediately after birth (colostrum). Since the composition of colostrum is almost no water, the baby along with urine output of salt of sodium and potassium, resulting in red urine. This feature is called uric acid infarct. In addition to the color of urine to a reddish hue, there are small crystals brick red, similar to salt crystals. These symptoms pass in a week.
Red urine occurs in infants after adding to the diet more dense than breast milk or formula, and food products. Beets, peppers, blueberries contain a natural food coloring that can give the urine changes in color. Poisoning the body with toxic substances and taking drugs can also have an impact. In addition to the foregoing harmless causes, the urine color in an unnatural color in children under one year may indicate contact with urine of the blood. Such manifestations should alert parents and become an occasion referral to a specialist.
In older children
As infants, change the color of urine in older children (after 2 years) may be associated with the presence in the diet beets, rhubarb, berries, red pepper in large quantity. Excessive exercise, the different kinds of injuries and infections of the urinary system also have an influence on the color of urine of the child. The color change also occurs as a result of taking these drugs:
- «Aminopyrine» — a means of relieving inflammation, with pronounced analgesic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory action;
- «Thioridazine» — antipsychotic medication with a moderate positive impact on the affective sphere of the patient;
- Propofol — a short-range hypnotic.
If the child’s urine in this age group is colored in red, for benign reasons, you can add synthetic dyes present in many confections and sweet beverages that children could begin to use at this age. Affect the color able and vitamins and mineral complexes, as many parents do not think they are serious drugs and give to children without consulting a doctor.
Why the urine is dark red in color?
Red urine in a child indicates the presence of a significant amount of blood in the urine. The reasons include the presence of kidney stones, damaging the vessels during movement, the appearance of tumors, injuries of the urinary tract. In the case of severe bleeding due to severe damage to the blood vessels, the urine acquires a dark red color, resembling blood.
Red urine is caused by excessive hematolite — the destruction of red blood cells with the release into the environment of hemoglobin. The process of Gematria occurs in the human body continuously, but the presence in the blood of a large number of free hemoglobin is dangerous because it can lead to acute renal failure.
Red urine from the blood or beets: how to distinguish?
For starters, you need to assess the presence in urine of turbidity or precipitate. The presence of turbidity in urine, the child says, rather, that the color red due to blood. By eating blackberries, rhubarb, red peppers or beets, the urine becomes red, but the sediment and turbidity must not be observed.
Then in a container of urine a child’s need to add a small amount of baking soda and a few minutes later to pour a little vinegar. If the redness was the result of eating beets, soda will deprive the urine reddish hue. After adding the vinegar in the same container, color urine again becomes red. If the unnatural color of urine appeared due to the presence of blood, vinegar, and soda will not be able to affect the color.
What to do?
At the first sign of redness urine you need to remember all the components of the diet of the child and to understand, could reddish urine can be caused by food (special attention is paid to dishes from beets), drinks or medication. If this symptom persists for days, you need to seek the advice of a specialist. To identify the presence of diseases the child will appoint the General analysis of urine. Also, the doctor may recommend to conduct such studies:
- Analysis of urine on Nechiporenko. Conducted to assess the condition and function of the kidneys and urinary tract. This study helps to find the infection, if any, have been identified in the General analysis of urine. The results of the study are prepared within 1 day.
- Study on the method Kakhovskogo-Addisa. The advantage of this method lies in the fact that the collection of urine per day is taken into account daily fluctuations in the allocation of corpuscles with urine. The disadvantage is that the classical method of collection of urine for this method is quite time consuming, which is especially difficult in the case of a child.
In addition to the above studies, a specialist may prescribe ultrasound of the kidneys and bladder to cover the whole picture of the possible occurrence of the disease. Common blood test will show if excreted in urine, red blood cells, blood clotting will indicate potential problems of blood clotting child. In special situations, are appointed by radiography, cystoscopy and tomography.