Painful urination in a child: treatment, causes
Most responsible parents there is a concern when the baby cries when urinating. This phenomenon is not uncommon and concerned about a child at any age and irrespective of sex. Caused by pain can be various factors that have an innate or acquired nature. Why there is pain during urination in children and how to cope with it?
The main reasons
Painful urination in a child can occur for many different reasons. The most probable root cause unpleasant symptoms — hypothermia. In this case, the child complains of pain burning in nature in the excretion of urine. To provoke painful urination in children capable of the following factors:
- infectious disease of genitourinary system;
- kidney stones;
- the penetration into the urethra foreign object;
- vesicoureteral reflux, in which urine back into the kidneys.
In infection control the process of urination in children is difficult and accompanied by severe pain. Child complains of pain and burning sensation in the genital area. Frequent urination in the toilet, in which urine may be output. Quite often young children and adolescents diagnosed with cystitis, which in most cases is seen in girls.
In boys, pain after urination often associated with their curiosity, which they put into the urethra of different small objects. In this case, should immediately contact the doctor. You shouldn’t try to get a foreign object the urethra because you can damage the internal organ.
With the development of kidney and renal pelvis reflux occurs painful urination. Having abdominal pain and lower back pain. In later times the child has fear of the process of emptying the bladder. But when re-excretion of urine the pain disappears and the child can easily urinate. This sign talks about the exit of urine from the pelvis of the kidney.
Causes of pain in infants
The baby cries during or at the end of urination for different reasons. If monthly child is, crystalluria, it will be painful excretion of urine. This is because the indissoluble salt crystals passing through the urethra, injure the mucosa of the internal organ.
Newborn boy feel pain during elimination of urine due to phimosis, which is narrowing hole foreskin. The girl of chest age the pain often associated with adhesions, which is characterized by fusion of the labia. As soon as the parents noticed the baby crying before urination, it should immediately show the pediatrician and find out the root cause of the deviation.
Particular girls and boys
In boys, pain in the process of removing the urine can be associated with the special structure of the genitourinary system. The child up to 2 years between the head and the foreskin formed a cavity, which can be fused. For this reason, the process of emptying the bladder can cause pain and discomfort, which disappear after urination. Another reason for the crying boys can be balanoposthitis and balanitis, which is characterized by inflammation of the glans penis and in skin folds covering it. Improper hygiene, this area is affected by bacteria and fungi, causing discomfort.
Girls more clearly feel the painful symptoms, because more likely to suffer from urinary diseases. The girl at a younger age and teenagers often suffer from cystitis or diseases of reproductive system, due to the special structure of the genitourinary system. Pain after urination in girls is related to the fact that their urethra is shorter and wider, with the result that often get infection in the urogenital system.
Pain after urination in a child is almost always associated with communicable diseases or lesions of internal organs. In this case, pain is only one of the symptoms in the clinical picture. Parents should pay attention, did not decrease the amount of urine and find out if there’s any blood. The child may complain of the following accompanying symptoms:
- problems with urination, the urine could not be completely;
- burning when mochevyvodjashie;
- discharge from the urethra;
- unpleasant smell of urine;
- poor health;
- body temperature;
- frequent excretion of urine;
- sting in the genital area.
How to identify pain during urination in a child?
Sometimes it is difficult for parents to identify the cause and to understand what their kid’s are worried about something. This is especially true of newborns and children under one year. If the norm and there are no deviations, then in this age, the child does not react to the process of urination. Painful sensation is manifested cry, worry, cry, movements of arms and legs.
If the child in 2 years there is pain, he can push or cry when the excretion of urine. Older children are able to show on a painful place or fear at the sight of the pot. When a child refuses to go pee, then parents should show it to a specialist as soon as possible. Older children are able to indicate to parents on a painful place and complain about a specific pain. At this age the child begins to refuse to go to the toilet. When painful sensations arise at the teenager, he can himself specify the place of localization of pain, their character and to tell about bad health.
If the child has pain during urination, it should be promptly seen by a specialist and find out the cause of this unpleasant symptom. You need to go through the following studies:
- General analysis of urine;
- General analysis of blood;
- analysis according to Nechyporenko;
- x-ray examination of organs located in the pelvis;
- bacteriological culture of urine;
- ultrasonic diagnostics of organs of urinary system.
If the child cries before urination due to inflammatory process, the results of the analysis will increase the number of red blood cells and white blood cells. In the formation of stones, or in the case of kidney vesicoureteral reflux on ultrasound is found to increase the renal pelvis. After the diagnosis, the doctor will prescribe the necessary treatment, which will eliminate the root cause and the unpleasant symptom.
As painful mochevyvodjashie in children of different ages is not uncommon, the doctors offer many techniques that are able to cope with the problem. After determining the cause of the deviation is assigned to individual treatment. Most often used drugs, which have analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect. Depending on the cause of pathology is appointed such treatment:
- In the treatment of urinary tract infections shown antibiotics and medications that eliminate viral infection. It is recommended to make the bath using herbal. It is extremely important to observe the drinking mode, to ensure the patient quiet and in bed.
- In the case of kidney stones prescribe sitz baths and remedies based on natural components that dissolve the stones and flush them out naturally.
- If the baby cries because of a foreign object in the urethra, it should be identified and addressed. After extraction of the subject administered the enema with the use of antiseptic and baths.
- The operation is performed in the case of kidney vesicoureteral reflux. The patient is shown an endoscopic surgical intervention with subsequent fixation of the ureter. With this disease medical therapy only solves the symptoms.
Patients with any deviation should be followed during care of a special diet. Subject to all rules and prescriptions soon unpleasant symptom the child will disappear and he will get better. It is important during this period to carefully monitor the hygiene of his genitals and control the daily number of urination. These measures will help to avoid complications and relapse.
To protect the child from painful sensations in the pelvic area should follow preventive measures. Recommended from birth to temper the child. It is more likely to walk and take water treatments with different thermal regime. When tempering the painful feeling in the process of mochevyvodjashie much less likely to bother the child. It is recommended to follow a proper diet and every day to observe the drinking regime. Thus, it is possible to avoid the formation of stones in the organs of the urinary system. You should carefully monitor the hygiene of the genital organs. As children get older, it is recommended to do physical exercise to eliminate stagnant processes in the body.