Oxaluria in children and adults: diet, symptoms, treatment
The oxalate salt of an organic oxalic acid that is present in the urine of a person in the normal range. Diet for oxaluria — based therapy. Oxaluria — the variance caused by the violation of calcium absorption by the body. With increasing normal salt content to prevent the development of urolithiasis is a comprehensive study of the renal system.
Oxaluria — what is it?
Oxaluria — the excess of sediment in the urine in the form of crystals of oxalic acid, occurring due to disturbed calcium metabolism, and mineral metabolism in General. The deviation contributes to the formation of sand and stones in the kidneys and bladder. The most widespread the disease is in countries with tropical and subtropical climate. The concentration of calcium in the bloodstream and urine exceeded several times. Improper excretion of calcium by the intestine, rapid absorption into the blood causes an increase of calcium in the urine. The lack of magnesium, vitamins A and accelerate the development of the deviation.
The causes of the disease
Man can long time not to know about excessive salt content in the body and the increased load on the kidneys in this regard. The specific causes influencing the development oxaluria, medicine has not identified, because there are different factors causing the progression of the disease. Oxalic acid is a product of the metabolism of cells, in the form of calcium compounds. A large amount of acid enters the body with food. Up to 90-95% is excreted when urinating. Increasing the concentration above normal leads to the discovery of salt crystals in the urine. The main root causes of disease development:
- disorders of mineral metabolism;
- the prevalence of protein in the diet;
- prolonged dehydration;
- drinking insufficient amounts of fluid;
- the lack of Mg, vitamin A and B6;
- an excess of ascorbic acid and vitamin C;
- the failure of the intestine;
- the presence of kidney disease: pyelonephritis and nephrolithiasis;
- stress and depression;
Oxaluria symptoms in children and adults
In adults and in children older than 5 years, the disease is manifested by the appearance of pain in the stomach, the lumbar spine. The number of impulses, «the small» and the amount of urine during urination. A person gets tired quickly. To 5 years the clinical picture can be blurred. Launched oxaluria is accompanied by the deposition of salts in the kidneys and the surrounding tissues. Perhaps the development nephrocalcinosis, leading to complication of kidney failure. Urine of patients shows excess content of protein, cylinders, leukocytes, increasing the number of red blood cells. Nervous system disease responds with headaches and neurosis.
As the disease manifests itself in children?
In some cases in children the clinical symptoms of the disease are nonspecific. Oxaluria in children is characterized by the same root causes of occurrence, as in adults. The child appears complaints of intense abdominal pain, until the renal colic, and in severe conditions, the symptoms of disorders of the musculoskeletal tissues. Manifestations oxaluria combined with allergies to skin and respiratory system. The large number of deposits of oxalates leads to the need for therapy of circulatory disorders, developing nephritis or tissue necrosis. Neurological problems are characterized by nervousness and pain in the neck. The disease is divided into two groups:
- The first group of hereditary oxaluria, which develops due to abnormalities of the excess of oxalic acid. Detected in the period of unstable operation of the cell walls of the kidneys.
- The second group of children with abnormalities in the urinary system: pyelonephritis, amyloidosis, hydronephrosis. In this case, oxaluria — a secondary disease that develops as a complication on the background of other pathology.
- The third group includes children who have developed the disease due to unfavorable environment.
Diagnosis of the disease
The primary method of diagnosis — biochemistry of urine, detect presence and amount of salt. In the case where it is difficult to diagnose, ultrasound examination of kidneys, bladder. This method of diagnosis helps to detect anomalous content of salts in the kidneys in the form of a slurry, the presence of crystals or stones formed.
What is the treatment?
Medical practice uses several methods of treatment of such diseases. Diet — the main method of treatment and prevention. Because the bulk of the diseases associated with poor diet, eating meals with an excess of oxalic acid. Therapy involves exclusion from the diet of products. Recommend 3 weeks to stick to a diet with a predominance of potatoes and cabbage. Diet for oxaluria in children eliminates foods with a high content of calcium. Consumption of sufficient amounts of fluids will decrease the content of crystals in the urine. Recommend to use alkaline mineral water. The amount of water you drink should be half more from normal use. It is advisable to drink more in the evening before bedtime. A large amount of fluid is contraindicated in abnormalities in the kidney and cardiovascular diseases.
Because drugs are prescribe vitamin a, vitamin B6, a commonly used drug is magnesium B6. Medication is «Ksidifon» leads to normal calcium metabolism at the cellular level, prevents the deposition of calcium salts in tissues. Recommended for children who have oxaluria combined with allergic reactions and bronchial asthma. Obligatory consultation of the doctor before taking the drug.
Oxaluria, arising on a background of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, requires the reduction of bile. Eating fatty foods contributes to her education, so fatty foods should give up. No adults need to reduce the consumption of calcium. Calcium combines with acid and is excreted via the colon, not getting in the kidneys. To prevent the development of disease will help decrease the amount of salt in food and Supplement diet foods with a high concentration of magnesium. Don’t forget to drink plenty of fluids, add herbal teas with diuretic effect that accelerates the excretion of salt.
- vegetables: cauliflower and cabbage, broccoli, squash, cucumbers, and tomatoes, potatoes, turnips, eggplant, green beans, peas and corn, green onions;
- fruits: apricot, peach, grapes, banana, pears and apples;
- watermelon and melon;
- berries: raspberries, blueberries, blackberries;
- stewed dried fruit;
- bread made from bran and rye bread;
- lean meat and fish (not more than 100 g per day).
- cocoa and chocolate products;
- herbs: sorrel, parsley and dill, purslane;
- vegetables: carrots, onions, red beets, green beans, Brussels sprouts, roasted potatoes, garlic;
- fruits: citrus, plum;
- berries: black and red currant, cranberry, gooseberry;
- meat broths;
- spices: mustard and pepper;
- eggs, dairy products and cereals to limit.
Recent studies have shown that use of probiotics helps to fight the disease. Diet with concurrent use of dairy bacteria accelerates the treatment. Mandatory appointment of antioxidant and membrane-stabilizing drugs («Dimephosphone»), drugs magnesium. Widely used 2% solution of the drug «Ksidifon» in a joint application with vitamins A and E. the Dosage to 20 mg for each kilogram of body weight divided into two doses. The effectiveness of the treatment increases systemic administration of enterosorbents (black and white charcoal, «Enterosgel»).
Traditional methods are used only in the General complex of treatment. Different herbs, herbal drugs are used after the conversation with your doctor. Tool no contraindications — cleaned from the husk, strained oatmeal broth. Feel free to use brewer’s yeast, 15 g of which pour 200 ml of water and drink after they rise and increase in volume 2 times. Folk medicine recommends the use of juices: carrot, juice of parsley, the juice of Rowan berries. Drink before meals 3-4 tablespoons.
Oxaluria prevention is similar to prevention of other problems of urinary system. The basis of prevention — proper nutrition and absorption of a sufficient amount of water. Limit salty and sour dishes. Meal containing magnesium, and vitamin B6. Active lifestyle, regular running, Hiking prevent the formation of stones and the accumulation of salt crystals in urine, majevica and kidneys. Outdoor games cleanse the urinary system from unwanted substances such as sand and microliths.