Non-specific urethritis in men and women: treatment, drugs
There are many pathologies of the urethra, including the well-known such as non-specific urethritis. It is characterized by inflammation of the urethra, and it is diagnosed. Disease provoke opportunistic pathogens that differ from chlamydia, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Trichomonas. As a result of disease difficult urination, and destroyed the shell epithelium.
This form of urethritis in medicine is poorly understood and still a matter of doubt and controversy among physicians, although common pathology often enough. It is definitely known that when the disease is inflammation of the lining of the urethra. More often nonspecific urethritis affects men. It occurs when the body hit the fungi Candida, E. coli, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus and other harmful microorganisms. In the pathology the symptoms are not pronounced, so for a long time the disease is not detected and becomes chronic. If time will not go to the doctor, there are complications that are difficult to heal.
The causes of the disease
In most cases, the cause of nonspecific urethritis is the infection of the genitourinary system. But sometimes it happens that the infection is not present and the disease is still there. The main source of spread of the disease is sexual contact. Pathology occurs and for the following reasons:
- the formation of stagnation in the urethra;
- allergies to medications or foods;
- the infection in the process of operation of the genitourinary system;
- infection by clinical examination of the genital organs;
- failure to observe the rules of hygiene.
Seen the fact that almost half of male patients suffering from pathologies of the prostate. Most often non-specific form of urethritis occurs when chlamydia (chlamydia infection). This disease is transmitted sexually as a result of lack of protection. You can become infected not only through vaginal contact, but anal and oral. In the latter two cases transmitted infections such as herpes simplex virus, Trichomonas vaginalis, adenovirus and other harmful bacteria. They inevitably lead to nonspecific urethritis.
Often the source of the disease can be other factors that are non-infectious in nature. These include poor hygiene, in the case of using other people’s deodorant, soap, towels or other personal hygiene. Injury and damage to the urethra, it can take place when squeezing the urethra. Pathology arises in the case of damage to the latter. This problem can occur when the urethra insert foreign objects, for example, when you install a urethral catheter.
Acute urethritis and chronic nonspecific
Pathology nonspecific form has a fairly fuzzy line the incubation period. Symptoms may not manifest for several months, and sometimes makes itself felt the next day. The painful intensity of the signals depends on the form of disease. The signs of the disease in men and women are different in nature and severity.
Symptoms in men
Based on the source of the emergence of non-specific urethritis, the symptoms of the disease manifest themselves immediately or over a long time. If the illness arose as a result of non-communicable destruction, then the next day the man feels the irritation and discomfort in the genital area. There are other symptoms:
- frequent urination;
- whitish discharge from the urethra;
- pain when going to the toilet;
- discomfort and irritation on the tip of the penis.
Brighter symptoms and manifestation of the manifestations indicate severe form of nonspecific urethritis. If first signs of disease was widely observed, and then subsided, while there hasn’t been any therapy, it indicates the transition of the disease into the chronic stage. It is characterized by mild symptoms or even the lack of it. The patient feels General weakness and depression.
Manifestation in women
Very often the pathology in the female body doesn’t as long as the infection does not affect other organs of the urogenital system. The woman begins to suspect the disease when the infection spread to the uterus and fallopian tubes that connect her ovaries. In the acute form has the following symptoms:
- burning sensation during urination;
- aching in the region of the pubic area;
- allocation of pus from the urethra;
- discomfort during sexual intercourse.
The disease is acute after cooling, overstimulation effects on the body of alcohol.
If there is no qualified treatment, soon urethritis will become chronic, and the pain subsides, but the pathology will progress. The inflammation will go from the urethra to other organs of the pelvis. Eventually there will be pain in the abdomen and in the pelvic region, bleeding that is not associated with menstruation. A woman will be accompanied by such symptoms as elevated body temperature (over 38°C), nausea and vomiting. If pathology is not timely cured, then there is a greater likelihood of infertility.
Complications and consequences
The improper or untimely treatment of non-specific urethritis there are various complications of the genitourinary system. If therapy is incorrectly chosen, the disease occurs in a latent form and escalates, while relapses occur often enough. The main complication that can be caused by non-specific urethritis is Reiter syndrome. It is characterized by inflammation of the genitourinary system (prostatitis, urethritis), damage of the joints and conjunctivitis. If not promptly consult a doctor, in men, the inflammation will move to the prostate gland and testicles. All these complications threaten infertility. Female body-launched threatening urethritis cystitis, vaginitis and the inability to have children.
Diagnosis of nonspecific urethritis
For detection of disease, the doctor prescribes the patient a comprehensive diagnosis. Is assigned a swab from the urethra, the General analysis of urine PCR analysis. For males provides extensive diagnostics of the prostate, which includes ultrasound, palpation, checking the prostate secretion. The doctor collects information about the way of life of the patient, in particular, is interested in sexual life. This fact is quite important, as it was when unprotected contacts were most often there is an infection. In the diagnostic process determine how sensitive the organism to various antibiotics. It is important to identify the pathogen to affect not only the symptoms but also for hearth disease.
The treatment of the disease: drugs and techniques
The results of the diagnosis, the doctor prescribes a treatment of non-specific urethritis, which is aimed at relieving the inflammatory process and the fight against disease. In most cases, this drug therapy with a vitamin complex. Although there are many drugs for treatment, be sure to consult a qualified professional. Self-medication and use of traditional medicine can lead to irreversible complications. In the treatment using such methods and products:
- assigned to the vitamins that support improve and strengthen the immune system;
- a special diet that recommends that you do not eat salty and spicy foods, avoid alcohol;
- during treatment should refrain from sex or be sure to use remedies;
- it is recommended to reduce physical activity.
The therapy is based upon antibacterial effects on pathogenic microorganisms. The doctor prescribes such drugs as «Miramistin», permanganat potassium «Protargol». Is assigned to an antiseptic irrigation of the urethra with the catheter. If the patient has a permanent partner, then the treatment must be both, to avoid re-infection.
To prevent inflammation in the urethra, should be given to health attention. It is not recommended to SuperCool the genitals, it will lead to inflammation of the urogenital system. When there are diseases of the pelvis, immediately seek medical help so the illness does not become chronic.
It is important to protect themselves during sexual intercourse because this is the most common route of infection non-specific urethritis. It is recommended to follow a diet and eat right that there are violations of the gastrointestinal tract. Spices, alcohol and spicy foods contribute to inflammatory processes, since their abuse is caused by pathogenic flora. If you notice signs of disease, do not delay going to the doctor. Early warning of the disease gives a chance for complete cure.