Nephropathy kidney: diet, list of foods, menu
The term nephropathy combines various pathological processes in the kidneys. Diet nephropathy kidney is an important component for maintaining health. This food is aimed at the normalization of metabolic processes in the body. In addition to therapeutic feeding, it is necessary to eliminate the accompanying symptoms, to stop the disease which was the cause of the development of nephropathy.
The reasons for the development of nephropathy
Provocateurs problems are:
- low hemoglobin;
- poisoning or chemical drugs;
- hormonal changes;
- the metabolic disorders;
- infectious diseases of the urinary tract;
- kidney stones.
General characteristics of the diet
The programs are made after a full examination of the patient to determine individual needs and characteristics of the patient. In the early stages of the disease enough to enable the small restrictions in the diet to prevent. When running the form the food should be curative. With the help of proper nutrition is resumed the water-salt balance in the body. With specially chosen products of the urinary system begins to function normally, due to decreases or completely goes away swelling of the limbs. Resumed blood pressure, is intoxication.
The basic rules of the diet
- The gradual reduction of animal protein in the diet and a gradual transition to plant protein.
- Reduction of salt intake.
- Limit foods high in potassium in increased concentrations of potassium in the blood.
- Increase foods containing potassium at lower concentrations of potassium in the blood.
- Limit foods high in phosphorus.
- Limit eating spicy, oily, canned and pickled foods.
- The transition to a fractional power.
- Drinking enough drinking water.
- Vitamins, minerals and foods rich in iron.
- Eating foods which reduce cholesterol.
- Reduction of simple carbohydrates in the diet.
Read more about the squirrels
Damaged kidneys have difficulty derive nitrogenous waste products, most form their proteins of animal origin. However, a sharp rejection of animal products — stress to the body, which further worsens the condition. Should gradually reduce daily protein intake. Recommended to switch to a diet of meat, fish, and then completely on a plant-based protein.
Read more about salt
In the formation of edema, high blood pressure need to reduce salt intake. During the cooking salt does not add at all, a little add some salt food before consumption. The transition to a salt-free diet is gradual for the adaptation of taste sensations. Salt improves the taste of food, so it is important when switching to a salt-free diet to start to eat other foods, enhances the taste of food: tomato juice or sauce without salt, lemon juice, dried herbs, dried garlic and onion, salt celery.
Read more about trace element potassium
Depending on the results of the analysis, it is necessary to increase or decrease the consumption of foods containing potassium in them. Usually in the early manifestations of the disease should increase the intake of potassium, and later, on the contrary, to limit. Rich in potassium bananas, many nuts, cheese, buckwheat, spinach, avocado, oatmeal. If there is a need to reduce the potassium in the product, applied heat treatment.
The phosphorus and water
A gradual decrease of phosphorus in the diet has a positive effect on the treatment, slowing down the growth of kidney connective tissue and the appearance of chronic or acute intoxication. Spicy, fatty, canned and pickled food gives a strong stress on the urinary system. Water should be consumed in sufficient quantity in the morning, the water runs all processes in the body and cleanses the body of toxins that have accumulated during the night. However, rapid weight gain due to edema is required at the time of removal of the reasons to reduce the consumption of liquid.
About vitamins and cholesterol
In the period of the disease and treatment of the human body is deprived of many nutrients. Therefore, it is necessary to take vitamin supplements, including the trace elements iron, zinc, selenium, calcium. To include in the diet foods rich in iron: grapes, beets, pomegranate. Very important in the diet will increase products lowers cholesterol: cabbage different varieties, greens, green wheat grass. In addition, the rejection of fast carbs lowers the cholesterol and insulin levels.
Recommended and unwanted product lists
Favorable vegetarian and vegan vegetable dishes with or without cereal grains. Adverse meat, mushroom dishes, eggs. When switching to vegetable protein allowed fish soups and broths. Prohibited meat products, canned meat, salted and smoked fish. It is important to exclude completely dairy products.
Cereals and flour products
Good all whole grains, especially gluten-free: millet (millet), buckwheat, amaranth, quinoa, Chia, brown rice, all legumes. It is necessary to abandon white rice cereal, is particularly harmful cereal. Unwanted gljuteinovye cereals: corn, wheat, barley, oats. Permitted pasta durum wheat. You can use whole wheat unleavened bread, or bread. Banned all baked goods with sugar, yeast, baked from black and white refined flour.
Vegetables and herbs
Favorable almost all the vegetables: potatoes, beets, carrots, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, cauliflower, pumpkin, green peas, zucchini, peppers, eggplant, tomatoes, cucumbers, greens. You need to be careful with the use of radish, radish, sorrel, spinach, fresh garlic and onions. Banned, canned and pickled vegetables.
In the first half of the beneficial to use natural sweets such as fruits, berries, dried fruits, honey. However, when the infectious nature of the disease should give up on them. We need to completely eliminate chocolate, muesli, condensed milk, candies, cakes, cookies, any desserts and pastries with sugar, diabetic foods with sugar substitutes.
Sauces and spices
Favourable dried herbs, garlic, onion, mild spices: cardamom, coriander, fennel, turmeric, asafoetida. Good sauces with lemon juice on the basis of crushed seeds, pumpkin seeds, sunflower. Favorable tomato sauce homemade. Prohibited horseradish, mustard, mayonnaise, ketchup, soy sauce, milk sauce, chili, ginger, black pepper.
Good herbal teas, broth hips, drinks with lemon, green smoothies water-based and green sprouts of wheat, green vegetable juices, pure water. It is necessary to exclude black and green tea, coffee, cocoa, alcoholic beverages, milk, juices, water rich in sodium, carbonated beverages. Allowed barley drinks, chicory.
Oils and fats
Favourable raw and soaked seeds of sunflower, pumpkin, almonds, cashews. Very good flax seeds, Chia. Allowed oil unrefined cold pressed, from them it is best to use olive oil. Caution should be taken walnut, Brazil, peanut, macadamia. Prohibited ghee, butter, fish and animal fat, the fat.
Sample menu for one day
Upon waking drink 1 litre of water, with the addition of a small amount of fresh lemon juice. After 15 minutes of drinking green cocktail based on water, green wheat shoots and lemon or eat the fruit. An hour after the fruit is beneficial to eat vegetable salad. Vegetables use fresh, seasonal. In a salad add a choice of pumpkin seeds, sunflower or flax, to fill with vegetable oil. From 12:00 to 15:00 the strongest digestion, so well, if dinner is on time. Lunch should be full and light at the same time. Be sure to include a selection of fresh salad, steamed vegetables and cooked grains and legumes. You can use whole wheat unleavened bread. To wash down lunch any liquid is prohibited. 2 hours after food intake of decoction of immunomodulatory herbs. Dinner beneficial to eat cooked and fresh vegetables.
A proper diet with IgA nephropathy kidney
IgA nephropathy accompanied by various complications, or diseases of other organs and systems. Suffering from cardio-vascular and skeletal system, liver, gastrointestinal tract. Objective a proper diet for IgA nephropathy to reduce blood pressure, to ensure the supply of nutrients, enhance immunity. A big emphasis in nutrition is on the intake of the trace mineral iron in the body of the patient, the exclusion of animal protein and fat, avoiding fast carbs.
Features of diet for diabetic nephropathy
Diabetic nephropathy is accompanied by high levels of glucose in the blood. With the help of clinical nutrition diabetic kidney disease reduced or eliminated altogether. Diet in diabetic nephropathy is the regulation of blood sugar, for this is used a low-carb diet. From the diet completely eliminated sweet foods: honey, dried fruit, sugar, sweet fruit, any store-bought sweets.