Negonokokkovi urethritis in men, women treatment, symptoms
Inflammation of the urinary tract infectious nature, not associated with gonorrhea, is called negonokokkovi urethritis or urethritis degeneracy. This form of urethritis is more common in men. This is a serious disease, capable in the absence of adequate therapy, can cause significant complications.
In most cases degeneracy urethritis is an infectious disease excited by harmful bacteria. However, in some cases, doctors can’t determine the exact cause of the disease. The infection is transmitted primarily through sexual contact, and in all types of sexual relations without the use of personal protective equipment, including non-traditional sex. The period of development of the disease is from 7 to 21 days, but sometimes longer.
Negonokokkovi chronic urethritis can develop due to a number of reasons:
- pathological narrowing (stricture) urinary tract;
- saccular protrusion (diverticulum) of the walls of the urinary tract;
- narrowing of the external openings (stenosis) of the urinary canal;
- of bacteriuria;
- warts — tumor formations caused by papilloma virus;
- the presence of foreign bodies in the urethra.
Infectious factors of
In infectious origin of the disease most often provoke negonokokkovi urethritis chlamydia. In addition, the infection can cause microflora of the mouth and throat or rectum. Foreign bacteria can get into the urinary tract during unconventional sex. Infectious factors in the development of neonorange of urethritis are infections of the urinary tract, vaginal Trichomonas and other bacteria like Mycoplasma, herpes virus and adenovirus.
Non-infectious predisposing factors
There are also causes inflammation of the urethra that are not related to infection:
- the use of irritating hygiene products (soap, deodorants, spermicides, etc.);
- injury to the urethra, which is possible during active sex or Masturbation;
- injury to the urinary tract, for example, when katetaan during clinical procedures.
Symptoms of urethritis neonorange
Symptomatic manifestations in men
Negonokokkovi urethritis in men is usually pronounced, because quickly diagnosed.
- disorders of urination (frequent urge to urinate);
- pain when urinating;
- redness and swelling on the head member in the region of the openings of the urinary tract;
- excretion from the urinary tract of the substance of a dull-white color.
Symptoms in women
Women degeneracy urethritis may be asymptomatic or with minimal manifestations (frequent urination, excretion from the vagina, pain during intercourse), if the disease is not struck by the organs of the reproductive system. However, the development of the pathology can cause serious inflammation in organs of pelvis (salpingitis, oophoritis). The consequence of these pathologies are chronic abdominal pain (especially during sex, urination, menstruation) and even infertility.
Diagnosis includes a history of sexual acts (the presence of unprotected sex or new sexual partner in recent times), a urine sample and a swab from the urethra to identify the content in the fluids of pathogenic microorganisms. For greater result validity before passing urine analysis preferably 2 to 4 hours to urinate. A swab from the urethra is a scraping a small amount of secretions with the help of specific tool — plastic wand with a loop like curve on the edge. The process is not painful but may cause some short-term discomfort. Also recommended screening for chlamydia and gonorrheal infection.
Treatment of urethritis negonokokkovom
The therapy is done through antiviral drugs and antibiotics, mainly tetratziklinovogo spectrum. In the case of resistance of pathogenic microorganisms to the effects of tetracycline effective use of macrolides, quinolones. Commonly used in the treatment of urethritis neonorange drugs «Azithromycin», «Doxycycline», «Metronidazole», «Tetracycline», «Erythromycin». Prolonged absence of effect from treatment is determined by the possible presence of Trichomonas infections by additional tests and examinations. Be aware that antibiotics can interact with birth control drugs the combined type and contraceptive patch, their use should be reported to your doctor.
Self-treatment is unacceptable and could lead to serious consequences, therapy should be carried out under the supervision of a doctor-urologist.
The treatment of urinary infections has some specifics — if you have a permanent sexual partner recommended treatment pairs in order to prevent recurrence of the disease. Even in the absence of symptoms of infection, the partner of the patient to be examined (especially if the onset of infection occurred less than 2 months ago). The patient should notify sexual partners, sexual relations which occurred in the last two months about a possible infection. It is important to abstain from sexual contact (and non-traditional types of sex) for the duration of therapy at least 7 days or until complete absence of symptoms.
Complications of urethritis neonorange
In the absence of adequate treatment, or if severe form of the disease degeneracy urethritis can lead to serious complications. Launched degeneracy urethritis can cause kidney inflammation and kidney failure. Often it happens the transition of the disease into persistent (recurrent) form. In this state, the manifestation of symptoms lasts up to 3 months. If the next 2 weeks after initiation of therapy symptoms of urethritis negonokokkovom more pronounced, the essential medical consultation. In addition, it is believed that negonokokkovom of urethritis is the ability to increase the risk of transmission of urinary infections and the HIV virus during sexual intercourse.
Possible complications neonorange of urethritis are:
- prostatitis (inflammation of prostate);
- vesiculitis (inflammation of seminal vesicles);
- orchitis (inflammation of testicles);
- epididymitis (inflammation of the epididymis of the testicles);
- the groin lymphadenopathy (inflammatory lymph nodes);
- Reiter syndrome (a combination of lesions of the joints, urinary tract and conjunctiva of the eye due to an autoimmune process caused by the infection);
- the defeat of the reproductive system in women as a result of inflammation of the pelvic organs caused by infection neonorange of urethritis.
The female often develop obstruction of the fallopian the body, increases the risk of ectopic pregnancy or infertility.
As negonokokkovom prevent the occurrence of urethritis is recommended to avoid casual sexual relations without using contraception. We recommend the use of barrier methods of contraception with new partners. This also applies to unconventional sex. It’s important to undergo regular urological examination.