Life after kidney transplantation: how many people live
To life after kidney transplantation the patient was a full-fledged, required to comply with all recommendations of the doctor in the course of postoperative rehabilitation. The first time patient shown to remain in hospital under strict surveillance. Doctor daily monitors the health status of the patient, monitors kidney survives, fully functional, and how to cope with the task. In the recovery process, what rules of diet you need to adhere to, which force the permitted load, and what are the chances to live a full life after an organ transplant?
After the critical period, in which the possible development of complications after kidney transplantation, the patient will need to strictly monitor their health. Adherence to the therapeutic diet is considered an important item which will provide patients a healthy and full life. The principles of diet therapy in the postoperative period are based on the rules of healthy lifestyle and nutrition. The patient need to limit consumption of simple carbohydrates that do not bring the body to no avail, at the same time raise the level of cholesterol and blood glucose. Such products include:
- bakery products from high-grade flour;
- sweet desserts, milk chocolate;
- fatty meats, smoked meats;
- some types of cereals (semolina, wheat, millet).
If blood tests show an increase of cholesterol, you need to limit the use of products which contain a lot of fat. This dairy products, fatty meats and fish, butter and vegetable fat. It is advisable to refrain from off-season vegetables and fruits, as they contain a lot of nitrates, and this can cause complications on the kidneys. In the postoperative period need to stick to the drinking regime. In the night you need to drink at least 1.5—2 liters of fluids, primarily drinking water. With caution drinking purchase store-bought juices, fruit drinks. Strictly prohibited are alcoholic beverages, beer, sweet soda, and you need to give up cigarettes.
After surgery for a kidney transplant the person needs to limit heavy lifting, especially in the first six months. It is permissible to lift a weight of no more than 6-7 lbs. are Welcome, therapeutic exercise, preferably under the supervision of a specialist who knows about the diagnosis. In this case it will choose a set of exercises aimed at keeping my body in shape, while the load will not have a negative impact on the internal organ after transplantation.
After surgery, kidney transplant, it is important to spend immunosuppressive therapy, in which the doctor prescribes the use of drugs — «Neoral», «Prednisone» and «Myfortic». When receiving the «Neoral» the doctor sets the dose depending on how concentrated the drug in the blood. Medicine to take to some physician in this you must strictly adhere to a twelve-hour interval. Medication you can drink before or after meals, preferably with juice (except grapefruit) or compote.
«Prednisolone» shown to drink in the morning before doing this be sure to have Breakfast. «Myfortic» is also taken after a meal, in the distribution of dosage is important to follow a twelve-hour interval. From the above drugs have side effects, so you need to strictly coordinate with the physician the dosage and stick to it. In the first year of the high probability of development of inflammatory processes in the body after transplantation, so you need the first aid kit to always have antibiotics, uroseptics, sulfanilamidy.
What to do if you get sick acute respiratory infections?
First of all need to drink plenty of fluids, doctor’s prescription to take antiviral «Root» or «Acyclovir». If increased body temperature, shown to take paracetamol. When the fever does not subside within 3 days, may develop the inflammatory process, therefore, you cannot delay the visit to the doctor, as delayed treatment has severe complication, which is fraught with pathologies of the kidney after transplantation and may cost the patient life.
Rejection of a kidney
If a person began rejecting the kidney after transplantation, it is important to determine the pathology and start the appropriate treatment. In this case, the process can be stopped and keep body in good condition. In the process of rejection of the transplanted kidney ceases to function properly, but the doctor immediately see the changes and will prescribe a plan of treatment. Modern medical methods preparing patient for renal transplantation in most cases prevent the development of complications and rejection, however, if this happens, then in time the rendered medical aid will help to establish the state of the organ after transplantation.
Is it possible to give birth with a transplanted kidney?
It turns out that after kidney transplantation, a woman can carry and give birth to a perfectly healthy baby, but during pregnancy should be under strict medical observation. If a woman’s testimony was conducted the kidney transplant operation, then it is possible to get pregnant at least 3 years. During this period, the kidney fully survives, and the risk of complications has passed. Doctors do not recommend planning to have a baby later than 7 years after surgery, as a longer period may develop nephropathy in the donor kidney.
In the process of pregnancy a woman should always be under the supervision of a physician, as in this period, a high likelihood of complications. In most cases during pregnancy with a transplanted kidney develop bouts of anemia, renal failure, inflammatory processes. Pyelonephritis occurs due to insufficient blood supply to the kidneys and formation of the stagnant processes. Especially the danger of develops in the last stages of pregnancy when the growing uterus and baby put pressure on the abdominal organs. Pyelonephritis blood tests show increase in leukocytes and erythrocytes in the blood and urinalysis shows the presence of leukocytes, red blood cells, pus and mucus.
Management of pregnancy
Management of pregnancy and testimony of the doctors depend on the overall health of women, and the development of the fetus in the body after transplantation of one kidney. Pregnancy should lead doctors nephrologist and gynecologist, and they must constantly interact. Pregnant should strictly pass all the tests of blood, urine and shown to undergo diagnostic procedures. The doctor definitely prescribes uroseptics, which normalize the functioning of the kidneys, relieve swelling and improve the condition. If anemia shown to take medications which contain iron. It is important to monitor the immunity of women in the period of carrying a child. It is impossible to stimulate immunity, as it threatens abortion and rejection of the transplanted kidney.
Childbirth and recovery
In women with one kidney after transplant organize birth by caesarean section. If during pregnancy there were inflammatory complications, and other problems with the kidneys, it is shown to take uroseptic based on natural plant components. After the baby is born breastfeeding is contraindicated, as the woman continues to take immunosuppressants.
If the patient learned that she is pregnant, you need to contact the doctor to ensure that he was able to assess all the risks and helped to make a decision that will help preserve the life and health of women. Most often, pregnancy does not interrupt, because it causes severe body stress and a high probability of rejection of donor kidneys. To diagnosis threatened the life of the mother and the unborn child, the doctor puts a woman on a special control and carefully monitoring her condition.
How many people live after surgery for kidney transplant?
When decisions about kidney transplantation, people need to know how I live with a transplanted kidney. The work of the transplanted kidney and its proper functioning depends on many circumstances. The first and foremost important thing is in what condition was the donor:
- if the kidney was taken from a deceased donor, working on average for 5-10 years;
- if the body was retrieved from a living donor, the duration of its operation may be more than 20 years.
The health of the patient depends on the treatment assigned, how well was the chosen main and subsidiary drugs as people carefully watched their health, did the diet, and to observe whether all the recommendations of a nephrologist. It is important to constantly monitor the status of transplanted kidneys, if you have any complications to go to hospital and take a full course of treatment. Then the quality of life will improve, and the patient will not feel discomfort.