Itching, burning during urination in women: causes, treatment, symptoms

Many inflammatory processes of the urinary organs is accompanied by burning during urination in women. Pain and cramps in the lower abdomen and frequent urination bring severe discomfort and can cause both physical and emotional discomfort. Female sexual organs are arranged in such a way that it is often exposed to the negative effects of infections that cause inflammation. If the woman had an unpleasant feeling in the abdomen, tingling and cramps when urinating, you should immediately contact your doctor for advice and treatment.

Itching sensations during urination in females may indicate a sexually transmitted or other non-specific infections.

General information

Features of the urogenital system in women contribute to the emergence of various pathologies. The female urethra is short and wide, not isolated from the pathogenic microflora of the vagina and is very close to him, which gives the opportunity for infectious microorganisms easy to penetrate. Many women once suffered from itching and pain during urination. Negative pathological signs of the disease may be accompanied by false and frequent urge to urinate, burning sensation. Itching may occur before, after, and during urination. There are many diseases that can cause these symptoms. Conditionally they can be divided into infectious and non-infectious pathology.

Causes and predisposing factors

The main and most common cause of discomfort in the abdomen are considered infectious processes of the urinary tract. Because the urethra in women is located close to the anus, this allows pathogenic bacteria easily enter the vagina from the rectum. If a woman has a lot of promiscuity, burning and frequent urination can be caused by a sexually transmitted disease. Itching in the urethra in women is evidence of the formation of stones. Poor personal hygiene, poor use of contraceptives negative impact on vaginal microflora and provokes inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes. Begins active growth of conditionally pathogenic microorganisms.

Sometimes a burning sensation is neurogenic causes and is associated with disturbances in the functioning of the Central nervous system. Thus there is incontinence of urine.

Non-infectious factors

Mechanical Chemical
The use of irritating hygiene products (e.g., hard toilet paper), which leads to mechanical damage of the epithelium. Damage after delivery some time cause discomfort at the end of urination. The use of unsuitable hygiene products that kill the vaginal flora or cause allergic reactions and irritation.
The constant washing away several times a day kills the natural microflora. Mucosa becomes dry and there is a painful feeling while touching the genitals. Improper diet can disrupt the vaginal flora and cause discomfort after urination.
Incorrect use of pads and tampons, carrying inconvenient and synthetic underwear. Taking certain medicines or their misuse can change the composition of urine and cause itching and pain when urinating.
The movement of stones or sand in the ureter irritating the urinary tract and the mucosa, leading to inflammation. Stings when urinating and after sex, if during the process there was a minor injury. Hormonal disorders, chronic diseases (e.g. diabetes mellitus), prolonged stress and negative emotional stress will cause severe burning and itching in the intimate area.
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Infectious diseases

Infection Brief characteristics
Cystitis In cystitis the bladder becomes inflamed. The disease is accompanied by abdominal pain, cramps intensified immediately after urination. Blood appears in the urine.
Urethritis Inflamed urinary tract. Starts syndrome «hot piss» (bake much during urination).
Urolithiasis From this disease suffer kidney, bladder and ureter. Urination becomes more frequent, it becomes painful in the area of the urethra. In the urine traces of blood. If the stone is long irritate the kidney or other organ, there is chronic pain or colitis.
Urogenital chlamydia Provoke of chlamydia. The main symptom of pathology is a strong burning and itching when urinating in the urinary channel.
Gonorrhea Refers to sexually transmitted diseases. From vagina of purulent mucus. The labia swell and become inflamed. During discharge and immediately after it there is a sharp burning sensation.
Trichomoniasis The inflammatory process affects the cervix and vagina. Frequent urination becomes painful.
Thrush (candidiasis) The mucous membrane of the genital organs hit the fungi Candida. There is a strong itching, swelling. From the vagina out abundant white yeast-like discharge with an unpleasant sour smell.
Bacterial vaginosis Occurs when a reduced level of lactobacilli in the vaginal microflora. Is triggered by prolonged use of drugs. Of vaginal discharge starts gray-green color with a sharp odor. Felt itching and burning in vagina when urinating.
Genital herpes A rash, which itches, swelling and redness of the labia. In the perineum when urinating felt a strong burning.

Other symptoms

If signs of disease are absent, and burning and discomfort during urination does not pass, it may be caused by high salt content in the urine. Urate and oxalate salts can irritate the inner lining of the urethra that causes itching of the urethra. To find out the exact reason to do a urine test. Symptoms may be accompanied by high fever and malaise, nausea and abdominal pain. In such cases you should immediately consult a doctor to avoid serious health consequences. During pregnancy a slight burning sensation in the abdomen or tingling sensation caused due to compression of the ureters and bladder by the growing fetus. Swelling of the labia during menstruation is considered normal.

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Especially in children

Girls burning sensation during urination can occur due to worms pinworm, which often happens in childhood. For egg laying pinworms from the anus come out and penetrate into the urethral canal by pathogenic bacteria, and irritating the mucous membrane. If the girls complain of itching and burning sensation when urinating, need to pay attention to the frequency of urination, amount of urine and the presence of blood. A visit to the doctor better not to delay. Timely treatment in a medical facility gives you the opportunity quickly and without negative consequences to cure the disease in the child.

Diagnostic methods

Burning sensation after urination in women is a symptom of many pathologies and infectious diseases. Why it came at home to find out almost impossible. Self-diagnosis and treatment at home lead to further development of pathological processes and there is a high risk of developing chronic forms of the disease. So, seeing the negative signs, it is necessary to visit a doctor and undergo all necessary examinations to determine their causes:

  • urinalysis;
  • General analysis of blood;
  • Ultrasound of the kidneys;
  • vaginal smear;
  • analysis to identify allergens.

What is the treatment?

To eliminate burning sensation in the urethra, which accompanies more frequent urination and discomfort in the urethra requires immediate assistance. In such situations, should be entirely excluded from the eating spicy, salty and acidic foods and alcoholic beverages. It is recommended to take pills. For this «Allergy» or «no-Spa». At high temperature, you can take antipyretic. Then you need to visit a doctor, who after diagnosis and prescribe the appropriate treatment depending on the causes of pathology:

  • Inflammation prescribe antibiotics.
  • Urolithiasis is recommended to drink plenty of liquids. When oxalate deposits — alkaline and if is dominated by Urata — I must drink sour.
  • Neurological causes of the disease are appointed by sedatives, for example, «Not», «Sedavit».
  • If the burning sensation during urination are appointed by diuretics.

The medicines

To cure the disease, you need to find out what factors caused it. To cope with this problem will help the doctor who will prescribe the necessary examination. After identifying the clinical picture of the disease is assigned treatment. Examples of drugs that are used in different cases of the pathologies presented in the table. Remember that self-medication leads to severe consequences and worsening of the condition.

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Pathology What drugs treat?
Inflammation of the urinary system Antibiotics, for example, «Cephalosporins».
Thrush To get rid of discharge with a yeast infection, use candles. Popular among them — «Pimafucin», «Livarol», «Polygynax».
Trichomoniasis Treated with such medicines as «Metronidazole», «Nemorosa».
Gonorrhea Applies «Yunidoks», «Sumamed» or «Abaktal».
Chlamydia With strong itching prescribed «Azithromycin», «Cycloferon».

Therapy at home

For treatment at home are used decoctions and infusions of herbs. They are accepted both internally and for irrigation. It is recommended that before using folk remedies to consult a doctor.

Widely used decoctions of rose hips, bearberry, cranberry. An effective remedy for burning sensation during urination is considered to be cranberry juice. Juniper treat cystitis. If schipit when urinating in women, you can use the following method: immediately drink 400 milliliters of water. Next, prepare a solution of soda (1 teaspoon per 100 milliliters of water) and drink. Every hour drink 200 milliliters of pure water. After 6 hours to repeat the procedure again. If after 24 hours there is no improvement, should consult a doctor.

Prevention of itching sensation when urinating in women

To prevent diseases of the genitourinary system, it is necessary to use high-quality means for intimate hygiene with a neutral pH. Spending long periods in the wet swimsuit in the summer leads to overcooling of the genital organs and the proliferation of pathogenic bacteria in the area of genitals. Healthy lifestyle and proper nutrition strengthens overall immunity, which helps the body to fight against infectious attacks. After intercourse, you should disinfect the genital organs «Chlorhexidine». It should be remembered that a timely appeal to the doctor gives an opportunity to detect disease and prevent the development of chronic diseases and secondary complications. For the prevention of genital infections should be screened every six months.