Frequent urination: symptoms, treatment, causes
With such problems as frequent urination (pollakiuria), faced many people. Before placing such a diagnosis should take into account that the number of urinary processes for each person individually. Urination may become more frequent without any pathological factors. If it lasts more than 2 days, or during the process and after it feels uncomfortable or painful symptoms should contact a doctor for advice.
The rate of urination
Rate of urination average, as the number of urination individually. Therefore, speaking about the increased urination, a person should focus on their own rhythm and to compare the frequency individually. The norm for adults is considered to be from 4 to 10 times per day. At night urine should not go more than 300 in the milliliters, a normal frequency — 1-2 times per night. Men go to the toilet «on-small» up to 6 times per day women — up to 9. Small children under one year up to pee 25 times a day, from 3 to 5 years — up to 8 times, while growing up, this figure gradually decreases.
Causes and symptoms frequent urination
If you have the first urge most 10 times in 24 hours, you should carefully listen to your body during urination. There are many reasons that cause frequent urination. There is a list of factors and specific symptoms that affect the frequency of rochevilaine.
Painful process with frequent urination — sometimes this manifestation is caused by the presence of a tumor of large size in the lower part of the abdomen. More frequent urination can occur only when the tumor has grown so large, that pushes mocevic and it fills in a little liquid. In this case, pollakiuria accompanied by other pathological signs:
- strong weight loss;
- urine with blood;
- weak urine flow;
- body temperature is continuously increased;
- chronic fatigue;
- sharp pain in the abdomen;
- lymph nodes are enlarged.
A disease such as hyperaldosteronism, inevitably leads to frequent excretion of urine. The disease provokes an increased production of hormones that affect kidney function. Cardiac and renal failure affect the frequency of impulses in the evening. Hyperparathyroidism is another pathology that causes frequent urination. When hyperparathyroidism produces excessive amounts of parathyroid hormone that regulates the process of urine production. Particularly painful morning urination. Accompanying symptoms:
- kidney stones;
- frequent stools constipation;
- dysbacteriosis of the intestine;
- pain in the abdomen;
- a constant feeling of fatigue;
- a poor appetite.
Diabetes insipidus increases the frequency of emptying processes of majevica. Its symptoms are similar to diabetes, but glucose in the blood remains within normal limits. Disturbed regulation of fluid removal through the kidneys. But the frequent and strong urges are a symptom of diabetes. When the disease starts rising levels of glucose, and the excess is excreted through urine. Such profuse urination is called hyperglycemia. In addition to urination occurring pathological condition which is characterized by:
- thirst and dry mouth;
- chronic fatigue;
Problems with the urinary system
Kidney infection and bladder trouble are reason enough to start a rapid excretion of urine. If frequent urination becomes painful, this problem requires treatment to the doctor and conduct the necessary research. Self-treatment can remove or partially reduce painful urination, but not always cure poblacional completely. This leads to chronicity and severe consequences. In cases of suspected infectious diseases of the urinary organs it is necessary to consult a doctor-urologist. Causes of frequent painful urination can become such diseases:
- urethritis — infection in the urethra;
- cystitis — infection in the bladder;
- pyelonephritis — an inflammatory process in the kidneys.
Frequent and strong urge to urinate, which is not accompanied by painful symptoms, is observed in the pathology of the reproductive organs. This causes the formation of fibroids and other growths in the uterus. Growing, tumors compress the bladder and provoke frequent excretion of urine. The main symptom of such pathologies is frequent urination with blood, pain in the bladder, pain symptoms for thrush. In such cases, it is diagnosed the obstetrician. Complications of abortion can also cause frequent urination.
If profuse urination, there is no additional symptom, it is likely that this is a manifestation a day later will disappear on their own.
Enhanced fluid intake provokes frequent urination without pain. Drinks that have a diuretic effect — for example, green tea or tea with milk, cranberry juice, can cause frequent urination. Some berries also help eliminate from the body more liquid than usual. Such berries include:
Doctors say that when stress, physical exertion and hypothermia frequent urination is the norm. Psychosomatics also affects the morning and afternoon urges. In women after menstrual bleeding increases the frequency of urination as appears accumulated fluid. Diuretics (diuretic medicines) speeds up the urination including.
Especially in men
The frequency of urine in men can influence physiological and pathological reasons. The change of power, a large number of liquid leads to frequent urges, during which there are no negative feelings. And alcohol causes more frequent urination. But in some cases, problems with urination caused by pathological processes:
- Adenoma of the prostate — the prostate is a benign tumor that strongly influence the excretion of fluids. The jet becomes weak, urine is not excreted until the end of the bubble, there is bed wetting (especially in older men).
- Prostatitis — infectious inflammation in the prostate gland, in which there is a strong feeling of discomfort and pain in the groin.
- Pyelonephritis — inflammation of the kidneys. Causes discomfort and pain at the end of urination.
Very often mochevyvodjashie in men may be caused by urethritis. Sexual urogenital infections are able to make the process unbearably painful and violate the outflow of urine. If you suspect a urogenital disease or detection of blood in the urine it is necessary to take these symptoms seriously. Will help the urologist.
Frequent urination because of physiological factors can easily be eliminated without medication helps healthy diet.
Especially in women
In women often cause frequent, painful urination becomes acute cystitis. Urethritis is less common. Problems with urination lead STDs: chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis. Frequent urination, pain incomplete emptying, frequent, strong and sharp impulses, the presence of pain lasting more than 2 days are considered as a major reason for going to the hospital.
Why frequent urination in pregnant women?
Early pregnancy can cause frequent painless urination. This is the first sign of successful fertilization. During this period, rebuilt the bladder, as the uterus starts to grow and squeezes it. Very important is the ability to differentiate normal from disease caused by an infection and threaten health of the child, and in danger to take the necessary measures.
What tests should I do?
To diagnose the cause of frequent urine sometimes requires a whole set of research and analysis. The doctor may ask the patient to keep a diary of mcevilley of time for each process and the approximate amount of urine. General list of tests and studies who is prescribed:
- General and biochemical analysis of blood and urine;
- ultrasound examination of the pelvis and the abdomen;
- x-ray examination;
- bacteriological analysis of blood and urine;
- MRI of the brain;
- excretory urography of the kidneys;
How is the treatment?
To cure the process of urination, use of conservative and surgical methods of treatment. The choice of method is made by the doctor based on the clinical picture of the patient, the characteristics of the disease and other data. Self-medication only relieves pain symptoms and can lead to chronic latent course of the disease, which leads to serious consequences.
Used «Lutron», «DULOXETINE», «Spasmex» and other drugs. «Spasmex» — tablets frequent urination, which block the effects of acetylcholine that regulates the amount of urine excretion. A drug belonging to the group of alpha-blockers is «Omnic». It is used to get rid of the syndrome imperative urination. The cure for frequent urination and method of appointment shall be appointed after laboratory tests.
Diet and nutrition
The diet eliminates the consumption of large amounts of fluid and foods, which her very much. Before bedtime you can drink water that will help to avoid frequent night trips to the toilet. Can’t eat anything salty and spicy. How to normalize the power to tell the doctor. Every pathological process requires a scrupulous relationship.
How to help at home?
Well help extracts and teas that reduce urination. It is easy to prepare at home tea from twigs of cherry and corn hair relieves inflammation and normalizes the process of removing fluid. You can use a decoction of birch buds. These teas and drink several times a day, especially in the evening. We should not overlook a visit to the hospital as herbal medicine in diseases can act only as auxiliary means.
To avoid such problems, it is important to observe the rules of personal intimate hygiene in the evenings and in the mornings. Sexual intercourse must be protected. Healthy eating enhances the immune system and its ability to fight various viruses. For prevention you should visit doctors at least 1 time per year. Disease, discovered in its early stages, to treat much easier and faster than its chronic form.