Diuretics when blood pressure: drugs, people’s ways

Today, the treatment of high blood pressure requires a holistic approach, so diuretics in hypertension are an integral part of the therapeutic course. To prescribe medicines with a diuretic effect in hypertension have only dedicated medic. Self-medication in this case can cause a number of serious complications and side effects.

General information about diuretico

In medicine called diuretics diuretics. They differ from each other by the efficiency, chemical structure, duration of exposure and possible side effects. All pharmaceutical diuretics conventionally divided into groups:

  • loop;
  • thiazide;
  • potassium-sparing.

Like all medicines, even the best diuretics have limitations in application. It is not recommended to use this type of medicine in the following cases:

  • at lower levels in the body potassium ions;
  • patients with liver cirrhosis, diabetes, and problems in the respiratory system;
  • if you are hypersensitive components of the medication;
  • dysfunction of the heart muscle.

In some cases, the use of diuretics dangerous occurrence of such side effects:

  • drowsiness;
  • exacerbation of gout;
  • dryness in the mouth;
  • headaches;
  • felt sick;
  • weakness;
  • frequent loose stools;
  • Allergy symptoms;
  • low pressure;
  • retching;
  • pulmonary edema;
  • cramps;
  • violation of the menstrual cycle.

The principle of action of the diuretic if pressure

Quite often the question: why are prescribed to take a diuretic medications in hypertension? To get the answer, you need to understand what the effect of diuretics on the body. Diuretics for hypertension have been used since ancient times, as they have the ability to liberate the human body from excessive accumulation of salts in it and liquid. Perform this function the kidneys, producing large amounts of urine.

Experts prescribe diuretic drugs for hypertension when anti-hypertensive drugs in monotherapy failed in their task. It is believed that diuretics improve the health of patients and decrease cardiac workload as a result of excess fluid in the human body. However, it is understood that any diuretic that is used at high pressure, has only a symptomatic effect and apply it for the treatment of vascular disease is inappropriate.

Diuretics have an antihypertensive effect due to its ability to rid the body of unnecessary fluid and salt deposits with a performance above the norm. As a result, the load on the cardiovascular system is reduced and normalized blood pressure. Taking blood pressure pills along with diuretics can not only reduce hypertension, but also significantly prolong the beneficial effect.

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Indications for use under high pressure

To the effect of treatment of hypertension was better, it is recommended to complement the therapeutic regimen diuretics. Important to take diuretics in hypertension:

  • patients of advanced age;
  • patients with upper blood pressure parameters;
  • persons with dysfunction of the heart muscle and osteoporosis.

In addition, diuretics are appointed to reduce inflated AD in case of delay in the body Na and trace elements in the breeding of a large number of potassium ions. It is believed that receiving diuretics, the best way to prevent hypertension and reduce the risk of acute disorders of cerebral circulation.

What to drink diuretics in hypertensive crisis?

Many people wonder what constitutes a hypertensive crisis (HC), and how to prevent its occurrence? When hypertensive crisis is a sharp spike in blood pressure along with neurovegetative disorders. The occurrence of hypertensive crisis has been observed in 2 percent of people with a diagnosis of «hypertension». If at low pressure there was a small increase, this pathology is also possible. Duration of GK different and can last a couple of hours and a few days. For the treatment of hypertensive crisis, scientists developed potent diuretics, which belong to loop diureticum. Good drug of this group, which is widely used in GK — «Torasemid» designated in the form of tablets and injections.

Diuretics for hypertension

Thiazide and potassium-sparing diuretics

Thiazide group to reduce the pressure assigned quite often. Diuretic tablets have a slow and weak action, but have unexpressed side-effects. A feature of thiazide diuretics is their ability to stabilize and normalize the body’s sodium and calcium metabolism. Drinking thiazide diuretics, lowering high level of pressure, it is necessary more carefully and for the intended purpose only doctor.

Distinguish one group of medications that use blood-pressure — potassium-sparing diuretics. These medications are usually aimed at removing surplus fluid from the body while retaining potassium ions. In hypertension they are best used in combination with other diuretics to enhance diuretic effect.

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Medications, saving potassium, at high pressure taking exclusively with thiazide and loop drugs to prevent the development of hypokalemia. Potassium-sparing diuretics reduce the pressure, but create different side effects:

  • increase the body’s level of potassium, which is unacceptable in the kidney conditions and diabetes;
  • fail of the menstrual cycle do Breasts painful;
  • increase male the risk of impotence.

Loop diuretics from high blood pressure

Lowers high blood pressure group of diuretics called «loop diuretics». Medicines loopback group are considered more strong and so they are prescribed in emergency situations. Their significant disadvantage is a short action and removal from the body with urine of ions of calcium, sodium and potassium. Therefore, from the high pressure attribute to them along with the medication «Panangin» and similar pharmaceuticals, which aims to fill the deficit of magnesium and potassium in the body.

Medicines loopback group is preferably used orally in the morning on an empty stomach or by injection. Noted that water pills absorbed about 70%, while subcutaneous injection absorption reaches 97%. Loop diuretics used in high blood pressure, can cause adverse reactions. After their use had been cases of hearing loss appear in the ears ringing and swelling of the joints.

Combination medications for hypertension

Data pharmaceutical drugs have a from 2 actions: diuretic and antihypertensive. Combination medicines are quick manifestations of the desired result and duration of the achieved effect. In most cases recommended to receive a combination of diuretics liver cirrhosis, preeclampsia, hypertension, and nephrotic syndrome.

List of drugs, which often reduce pressure

When pills for high blood pressure not cope with the task, the patient is prescribed receiving diuretics. In the treatment of hypertension is widely used thiazide diuretics. The most common names for pharmaceutical products of the group are the following:

  • «Clopamide»;
  • «Chlorthalidon»;
  • «Dihlotiazid»;
  • «Indapamide»;
  • «Arifon Retard»;
  • «Chlorthalidon»;
  • «Hydrochlorothiazide».
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To a group of potassium-sparing drugs include the following medications:

  • «Spironolactone»;
  • «Amiloride»;
  • «Verospiron»;
  • «Triamterene»;
  • «Aldactone»;
  • «Tremor».

Effective diuretics from the group of loop diuretics, which lower blood pressure, have the following names:

  • «Torasemid»;
  • «Bumetanide»;
  • «Furosemide»;
  • «Prietene».
  • «Tripas»;
  • «Uregyt»;
  • «Hydrochlorothiazide»;
  • «Clopamide»;
  • «Hygroton»;
  • «Acetazolamide».

List of diuretics for hypertension, which are hybrid funds, the following:

  • «Amiloretic»;
  • «Isobars»;
  • «Triatel»;
  • «Diazed»;
  • «Moduretic»;
  • «Vero Triamtezid»;
  • «Diursan»;
  • «Tailored»;
  • «Ametric»;
  • «Triam-Co»;
  • «Ecodurex»;
  • «Lasilactone»;
  • «Furesis compositum»;
  • «Triamtezid».

Folk remedies

For the treatment of hypertension proponents of alternative medicine offer a variety of recipes that you can use to get rid of edema and to normalize the pressure. The most popular and effective folk remedies this:

  • Mix the juice of the 1st lemon, 400 ml of cranberry juice and beet juice, 240 g of food and 200 ml of vodka. Are taking diuretic medicines from alternative medicine three times a day on an empty stomach 2-3 SIP.
  • Take 0.5 kg of black chokeberry and 300 g of sugar, carefully mix the ingredients and drink 100 g twice a day.
  • Prepare 10 pieces of walnut partitions, 1 kg of onions, 160 ml of honey, 150 ml of vodka. Components mix and leave to infuse for 10 days. Drink in the morning, afternoon and before bed, 1-tablespoon.

Folk diuretics for hypertension include various herbal broths, infusions. Effective is monastic tea based on herbs. It improves kidney function, relieves vascular spasms and easily removes from the body excess fluid, which are often the cause of high blood pressure. Consume healthful beverages, which are diuretic herbs that hypertensive patients are recommended after consultation with doctor. This will avoid unwanted allergic reactions and other side effects that are possible when using folk remedies.