Diuretic Triampur: methods of application, composition
Many well-known diuretic «Triampur» can not only remove excess fluids from the body, but also to lower high blood pressure. This medicine would be permitted only as directed by specialists, as it has many contraindications, ignoring that there is a risk of adverse consequences. Therefore, to obtain from the «Triampur» maximum benefit and to protect themselves from possible harm, should be guided by the instructions of the doctor.
The composition and form of issue
Manufactured pharmaceutical drug «Triampur» in the form of tablets that are yellow in color and having round shape. Tablets placed in a bottle made of transparent glass with white tube. In each pack there is one bottle. In the composition of the tablets contain triamterene and hydrochlorothiazide as well as additional components:
- milk sugar;
- starch from potatoes;
- fumed silica;
- food emulsifier Е572;
- sodium starch glikolat.
Pharmacotherapeutic group and properties
Described medicine refers to the combined dioretikam, code ATX: С03ЕА01. The drug «Triampur» diuretic and delays the export of blood plasma calcium and uric acid. When penetrating he effect on blood pressure, which is normal. The main effect — a diuretic, appears after 2 hours after taking the pills and lasts about 11 hours. Lowering high blood pressure occurs after 3 days, but in some cases it can take up to 4 weeks. Available in the combined diuretic hydrochlorothiazide is absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract 60-80%, and triamterene — 30-70%. But the absorption of both substances occurs rapidly. Time for the half-life of unchanged requires 1.5 hours to 4 hours. A way out mainly through the intestines and only a small part of it passes through the kidneys.
Indications for use
Appointed diuretic drug «Triampur» for the following pathologies:
- high blood pressure;
- swelling caused by liver cirrhosis, heart diseases and chronic nephrotic syndrome.
Should stop taking a diuretic medication «Triampur» in case of hypersensitivity and intolerance of components of drugs. Not recommended as a diuretic in chronic renal dysfunction, acute glomerulonephritis, and in the absence of receipt of urine in the bladder. In addition, contraindicated «Triampur» when the concentration is high in blood potassium and in hepatic coma. Not assigned the drug to pregnant and breastfeeding, and children under 14 years of age.
Method of application and dosage tablets
The pill orally after the meal, not chewing and drinking plenty of water. Edema is recommended to start taking medication «Triampur» 1 tablet twice a day. If necessary, the dosage may be increased up to 4 pieces, dividing them into two stages: in the morning after food and after dinner 2 table. In subsequent cure drink on the table 1-2. with an interval in 1-2 days. For the treatment of hypertension starting dosage «of Triampur» is 1 table. the morning after the first meal. Further dosage increase to a maximum of 4 things a day. Patients with renal dysfunction is assigned pharmaceutical «Triampur» 1 table. in 24 hours.
Side effects diuretic Triampur
In some cases after taking a diuretic «Triampur» patients experience the following negative symptoms:
- pain in the abdomen;
- difficulty emptying;
- dryness in the mouth;
- intestinal colic;
- weakness and drowsiness;
- increased nervousness;
- muscle weakness;
- heart palpitations;
- abnormal heart rhythm;
- blurred vision;
- yellowness of the skin;
- a sharp decrease in blood pressure;
- redness, itching on the skin.
Failure to comply with prescribed doses to patients facing a sharp drop in pressure and development of forced diuresis. There is increased fatigue and psychomotor excitability. The use of «Triampur» in excessive dosage over long periods of time is dangerous to the development of chronic intoxication with impaired levels of electrolytes and volume of blood circulation. If you experience signs of overdose it is necessary to consider that the specific antidote does not exist and therefore need to cancel the continued use of the diuretic, to wash out the stomach and take enterosorbiruyuschee funds. If violated the body’s fluid and electrolyte balance, take measures for its normalization.
During long-term use of diuretic «Triampur» control is required in the blood levels of potassium, chloride, glucose, sodium, uric acid and chlorine. If the patient has suspected a lack of vitamin B9, throughout the therapeutic course are viewing a picture of blood. It is worth considering that the «Triampur» slows the reaction speed, therefore during treatment it is important to avoid hazardous activities that require increased attention. If you had missed taking medication, to take just two doses is contraindicated.
Storage conditions and supply of pharmacies
Released diuretic «Triampur» from pharmacies only by prescription. Storage of the described medication is out of reach for kids place indoors, where the temperature range does not exceed 26 degrees Celsius, and where no sunlight penetrates. Under these conditions, the shelf life «Triampur» is 5 years, after which a pharmacological product must be disposed of.