Diuretic Lasix: uses, composition
One of the most powerful diuretics is diuretic «Lasix». This medication is highly efficient and a minimum number of serious side effects. Important advantage of «Lasix» is the presence of various dosage forms and thus it can be applied in various situations, both planned and critical. Use this medicine only need the appointment of relevant specialist and only in specified doses.
The medication «Lasix» refers to «loop» diuretic drugs. ATC code A01 С03С. As the active substance acts as furosemide, which affects the kidneys, namely, it stimulates the export of urine excess water, salt and sodium, but does not retain the calcium, magnesium and potassium, which in most cases dangerous negative effects. Furosemide increases urine production and therefore, the «Lasix» is a diuretic drug. The drug affects the loop of Henle and, on this basis, it refers to the «loop» dioretikami.
Release form and composition
Produced the described pharmacological agent in two forms: tablets and injections. In pill form of medication contains the following components:
- starch from corn;
- milk sugar;
- food emulsifier Е572;
- colloidal anhydrous silica.
The medicament in the ampoule includes furosemide, as the active material, and these additional elements:
- sodium chloride;
- caustic soda;
- distilled water.
Pack water pills «Lasix» on 10 pieces in foil strips. In each cardboard pack is 5 strips. Can be purchased in pharmacies medicine put up 15 pills in the plate, then the pack will be for 3 PCs. the Solution for/m and/in the introduction is a clear liquid, poured in glass ampoules. Placed the vials in the rotary plastic packaging one piece in the pack.
Indications for use of the drug
Assigned «Lasix» patients who have the following pathology:
- swelling caused by diseases of the liver, kidney and heart ailments;
- swelling due to the burn disease or acute failure of the left ventricle.
- forced diuresis;
Not recommended to use the described diuretic, if the patient has:
- deficiency in potassium and sodium;
- renal dysfunction accompanied by absence of receipt of urine in the bladder;
- the decline in blood circulation;
- glomerulonephritis acute;
- hypersensitivity to components of drug;
- failure of the outflow of urine;
- inflammation of the pancreas;
- lactation period.
Method of application and dosage
Injections and put on a drip to patients if oral ingestion of the drug is impossible, or when pronounced edema phenomenon. The dosage selected by the attending physician individually for each patient. Start with the lowest dose, which is sufficient for the manifestation of the desired effect. When abnormalities of the heart swelling, drinking a day 20-80 mg «Lasix». If edematous syndrome arose for hypertension, a diuretic medication is recommended to take 80 mg per day, divided dose into 2 doses: morning and afternoon. Edema of the lungs diuretic is injected I/in first 40 mg and, if necessary, after an additional 20-40 mg.
Side effects diuretic Lasix
When you use a diuretic «Lasix» patients may experience the following side effects:
- heart palpitations;
- hearing impairment;
- itching and redness of the skin;
Contraindicated to take pharmaceutical medication «Lasix» without medical advice, as this greatly increases the risk of adverse reactions. At the beginning of the therapeutic course blood tests to determine the level of potassium and sodium. It is worth considering that this diuretic effect on psychomotor reaction, so the whole treatment period you should not operate dangerous machinery and to refrain from control of the vehicle.
Taking «Lasix» it is important to consider its combination with other medicines. Thus, when co-administered «Lasix» with laxatives drugs increases the risk of gipokaliemii. Using this diuretic with some antibiotics, increases the action of the latter that it may increase the side effects. Diuretic medication «Lasix» multiplies the toxic effects of curariform drugs, theophylline and lithium-containing means.
The conditions of storage and sale
The medication «Lasix» to be stored in a dark place away from small children and sunlight. The temperature in the room should not exceed 25 degrees Celsius. Under these conditions tablets have a shelf life of 4 years, and the solution is 3 years. The drug is released from pharmacies by prescription.