Diuretic Indapamide how to take the drug
For the treatment of primary and secondary hypertension experts recommend taking a diuretic drug «Indapamide». This drug has the ability to reduce high blood pressure and enhance urinary excretion of magnesium ions, potassium, sodium and calcium. To take diuretic hypotensive action follows the appointment of specialized professionals, in a dosage not exceeding the maximum.
Thiazide diuretic «Indapamide» is used when you need to normalize blood pressure and eliminate edema caused by dysfunction of the heart. This diuretic, thiazide-like all tools, has low efficiency and long duration of action than loop diuretics. It is believed that the loop diuretic is a potent group of drugs that aims to relieve the body of excess fluid and salt.
Lowering blood pressure for a long period of time, there is a single use of «Indapamide». To reach the maximum antihypertensive effects are assigned a dosage of 2.5 mg, with diuretic effect will be minimal. If during treatment the desired result is not forthcoming, then the dose increase is not recommended. In this case, include the patient in the therapeutic course of other antihypertensive medications, diuretics are not. The majority of patients are interested in what is the equivalent of «Indapamide»? The main synonym is «Intap» — diuretic, in which the active substance acts indapamide. However, it is not only analogue, but him there are many similar in composition and effects on the body, pharmaceutical drugs.
- «Indapamid retard»;
- The «ionik»;
- «Larvas CP».
Properties and indications
Diuretic «Indapamide» is assigned to the relevant specialists for the treatment of hypertension. The cure described has the following properties:
- dilates blood vessels;
- lowers high marks on the sphygmomanometer when measuring the blood pressure;
- reduces round and resistance in the arterioles;
- produces mild diuretic effect;
- reduces the risk of developing hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Mechanism of action
The drug has an effective therapeutic effect in chronic dysfunction of cardiac muscle, which is accompanied by edema syndrome. To achieve adequate antihypertensive action of the drug is taken in low doses, the excess of which increases the risk of a sharp fall AD. Include «Indapamide» to tiazidopodobnye diureticum that by increasing the urine volume reduces the load on the heart muscle and prevent stagnation in the lungs, which leads to relaxation of vascular walls and improve the process of metabolism in the arterioles.
It is necessary to take into account the combination of of medicines, e.g. the combination of «Indapamide» and potassium-sparing diuretics can lead to increased or reduced level of potassium in the blood plasma. It is not recommended to combine this with a diuretic cardiac glycosides, drugs lithium and saluretikami. The use of contrast agents, which consists of iodine, for the treatment diuretic medications «Indapamide» increases the risk of renal dysfunction. Ingesting components «Indapamide» rapidly and completely absorbed from the digestive tract. Taking the medicine during meals, slows the rate of absorption of the drug, but does not change the final amount of the absorbing substance.
Method of production and composition
Described medication available in the form of tablets, which are coated with a white film, are rounded and bulge from both sides. Placed water pills «Indapamide» in cell packs of 10 and 30 pieces. Each dragee contains the following components:
- starch from potatoes;
- milk sugar;
- food emulsifier Е572;
- food additive E171;
- microcrystalline cellulose;
How to take thiazide diuretic?
It is recommended to use a diuretic «Indapamide» in the morning for 4-8 + weeks one tablet a day. Pills should be swallowed in whole and with sufficient amount of liquid. Exceeding the stated dose, significantly increases the risk of side effects and symptoms of overdose (nausea, vomiting, reduced HELL etc). In this case, the patient must wash the stomach, take activated carbon and restore the body’s fluid and electrolyte balance. Therapy of symptomatic overdose, the antidote is missing.
It is not recommended to take «Indapamide» people with the following pathologies:
- a shortfall in the bladder of urine;
- malfunction of the liver;
- lactase deficiency;
- decompensated diabetes mellitus;
- allergic reaction to active ingredient;
- lowest rate in plasma potassium;
- violation of cerebral circulation.
Profile physicians not prescribe the described medication to children and adolescents up to 18 years. Before the use of «Indapamide» patients must undergo diagnostic tests and pass the required tests. In the process of therapy is also required to control of blood for the maintenance of ions of potassium, sodium and magnesium. It is important to regularly monitor the level of glucose, nitrogen and pH.
In the process of treatment by pharmaceutical means of «Indapamide» patient may experience the following undesirable phenomena:
- gag reflex;
- dryness in the mouth;
- felt sick;
- sleep disorders;
- frequent loose stools;
- rashes on the dermis of the skin;
- pain in the lumbar region;
- muscle spasm;
- vision problems;
- heart palpitations;
- excessive sweating;
- reduced potency and libido;
- itching of the skin;
- body aches;
- pain in the chest;
Receiving diuretics tablets «Indapamide» pregnant and nursing
Assigns whether «Indapamide» women who bears a child, and in the lactation period? Experts are not recommended to take the drug tiazidnyi «Indapamide» during pregnancy, as its components can disrupt trophic function of the placenta is slow in development and growth of the fetus in utero. Contraindicated medication with a diuretic effect and breastfeeding because it gets into the milk. If you want to use pharmaceuticals «Indapamide» breast-feeding should refuse to transfer the baby to artificial feeding.