Diuretic headaches: types, mechanism of action

Headache often brings us some inconvenience. If it does not goes away, it is time to move to pharmacological agents. For example, a diuretic sometimes used to treat headaches. This is due to the disease, a symptom of which is headache. Examples are hypertension and hypertension. Diuretics are also prescribed for increased intracranial pressure.


A particularly popular use of diuretics migraine as one of the types of headaches. This is due to the fact that the process of migraine is associated with arrest in the body fluid and swelling in the half of the brain. In this regard, these tools are useful: they excrete liquid and, consequently, reduce the pressure of cerebrospinal fluid on the brain, which leads to reduction of edema. The result is the weakening or disappearance of migraine.

Types and mechanism of action

Initially, the principle of operation are divided into hidrolitice diuretics and saluretics. The first is mostly water diuresis and are still called osmotic diuretics. The mechanism of these drugs — increase osmosis of the body, which leads to withdrawal of water from the body. Saluretics, in turn, are divided as follows:

  • inhibitors of carbonic anhydrase;
  • loop;
  • thiazides and tiazidopodobnye;
  • potassium-sparing diuretics.

Thiazide have an average effect on the body. Their main difference from the rest is the decrease in excretion of calcium and increased substitutions of sodium for potassium, causing the last release. They were most commonly prescribed for illnesses that can cause headaches, for example, hypertension. Feature of loop diuretics is the reduction of reabsorbtsii of calcium, which causes the release of it from the body. They are often used with migraines, caused by edema. Potassium-sparing effect on distal tubule, where potassium secretion is inhibited. They are usually prescribed in combination with other diuretics to keep the quantity of potassium at a certain level.

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Used diuretic

Diuretics can be used in different forms: pills, herbs and various concoctions. In this case, if some people use exclusively the tablet (arguing that the useless herbs and concoctions), others use herbs. However, sometimes the herbs have a much stronger effect and merit attention. Of course, when choosing a treatment option, you should consider what causes a headache to fight. The tablets are usually aimed at combating certain problems and can have side effects. It is always necessary to consider, and why it is better to use pharmacological means, exactly as herbs, consult a doctor.


Very useful tools for treatment, particularly headaches, are herbs. The range of such plants is quite wide. These include yarrow, nettle, dandelion and mint. Also use chicory, fennel, sage leaves, cranberries and bearberry. At first it is better to use milder herbs, such as chamomile. If they do not help, then slowly move to stronger herbs. Are very strong diuretic bearberry leaves, leaf and buds of birch, Heather (which has soothing properties), horsetail (cleansing and nourishing properties) and juniper fruit (they must be used very carefully). Also as a diuretic is used berries, such as cranberries, viburnum, mountain ash and others. It should be noted that the same properties have some fruits and vegetables like tomatoes, carrots, apples, pomegranates and others.

Natural herbal teas

Based on herbs, fruits, vegetables and berries cooked fruit drinks, extracts and decoctions which also have a diuretic effect. Fruit drinks are often used not for treatment, extracts and teas are also popular just as healing. Especially popular decoctions of thyme, horsetail, Hypericum, calendula and others. For example, calendula prepare medicinal teas, tinctures and decoctions. There are many versions of recipes from this plant. To prepare the tincture in 100 g of alcohol take 25 g of flowers insist. Take three times a day 30 drops. To prepare a decoction of calendula flowers 10 grams throw in a Cup of boiling water and bring to a boil, then defend the decoction and drink 3 tablespoons three times a day.

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Drugs with diuretic properties headaches

We consider in detail the used diuretics, each type of diuretics. The most popular potassium-sparing funds are considered «Verospiron», «Aldactone», «Spironolactone», «Amiloride» and «Triampur». These drugs have a big drawback — the risk of hyperkalemia.

Among thiazide diuretics the most common considered «gidrokhlorisiazit and Chlorthiazide». On the basis of these drugs also create some derivative drugs. Typically, the desired concentration of active substances of these drugs should be expected after 4 hours, she is not reduced to 12 hours. After that, concentration begins to fall.

Among the loop diuretics provide «Torasemid», «Bumetanide», «Piratenet» and others. These medications are usually taken intramuscularly/intravenously or on an empty stomach for better absorption. They go perfectly with other drugs. Contraindicated only in combination with ototoxic, nephrotoxic and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. This is because loop diuretics increase the side effects of these drugs.

The most popular osmotic diuretics are «Urea», «Sorbitol», «Mannitol». Often used «Mannitol», because among these agents has a stronger effect and lasting effect. You need to consider that osmotic diuretics cannot be used for people who have impaired renal function or liver. Side effects of taking diuretics are manifested in the form of vomiting, nausea, headaches, increase in BP and risk of bilirubinemia encephalopathy.

To combat the headaches used all the group of diuretics, but are guided by certain characteristics of drugs and causes of headache. Hypertension often suggest tiazidopodobnye and thiazide diuretics. This is due to the fact that under not very strong and quick action they have the most mild side effects. Rarely used loop diuretics at high pressure and often when dealing with edema. Potassium-sparing rarely used as the only treatment, but often enhance the effect of the main treatment. Good fights with severe hypertension and reduces mortality in heart failure. Also sometimes, diuretics prescribed for dizziness.