Diuretic Diacarb: indications, composition
Effective diuretic «Diacarb» is a synthetic drug that can increase urination. Found use in the treatment of edema and the delay in the body of excess water and salt. Assigned medicine specialists in the individual dosage for each patient specifically, after the examinations.
The composition and form of issue
Manufactured the drug with a diuretic effect in the form of tablets that have a flat shape and painted white. Placed tablets in blister plates 12 pieces. In packages made of cardboard is for 2 plates. Each tablet contains:
- starch from potatoes;
The mechanism of action of the diuretic Diacarb
The described diuretic drug, in addition to its diuretic effect, has still protivoglaucomnoe and antiepileptic actions. A distinctive feature of «Diacarb» is its ability to remove the urine, and potassium, that is why when treating this tool requires additional supplementation with potassium to avoid hypokalemia. In addition, the diuretic «Diacarb» greatly increases separation from the body of magnesium and calcium. The mechanism of action of the diuretic drug lasts for 3 days and after this time the diuretic effect stops. If you make a pause of 2-3 days, the course can be resumed. In addition to the diuretic effect, «Diacarb» helps to reduce intraocular and intracranial pressure.
Indications for use
Appointed diuretic «Diacarb» patients who have the following pathology:
- intraocular high blood pressure;
- edema associated with impaired blood circulation, liver, kidney dysfunction;
- a disease of the inner ear with accumulation of fluid in it;
- high-altitude hypoxia;
- premenstrual syndrome.
It is not recommended to take pharmaceutical medication «Diacarb», which has a weak diuretic action when such diseases:
- disease of the adrenal cortex;
- diabetes mellitus;
- a disturbance in the body’s acid-alkaline balance;
- renal dysfunction and liver;
- hypersensitivity to components of drug;
- adrenal insufficiency;
- the lack of potassium in the body.
The use of diuretics during pregnancy and lactation
Doctors strongly recommend to refuse to accept «Diacarb» women in the state. Especially dangerous drug in the first trimester of pregnancy. However, as an exception to the diuretic medications may be prescribed by the attending physician, if, in his opinion, it is extremely necessary. Breastfeeding the medicine is contraindicated, as the active substance in small doses excreted together with breast milk.
Can I use kids?
Tablets diuretic action «Diacarb» approved for use in babies for the treatment of glaucoma and epilepsy. Diuretic drugs children are given regardless of meals, the child should drink tablets whole and drink plenty of water. If necessary, the tablet can be crushed with a spoon and dilute with water. If in a young patient was diagnosed with epilepsy, «Diacarb» is designated according to age as follows:
- from 4 months to one year the dosage is 50 mg of medication per day;
- aged 2 to 3 years are given 1-2 times per day in ¼ — ½ of the beans;
- children from 4 years and up to 18 shows the use of the drug in half or whole pills 1 time per 24 hours, preferably in the morning.
Glaucoma kids is assigned to the drug from 3 years. The required dosage is calculated individually for each patient, based on body mass of 1 kg of weight falls of 10-15 mg pills a day. Received dose is divided into 2-4 doses and give it with equal time intervals throughout the day. Duration of therapy course determined by the treating physician and is usually 10-30 days.
Method of application and dosage
The tablets are intended for oral intake, drink them regardless of the use of food, swallowed whole and washed down with a considerable volume of water. It is not recommended to drink higher dose «Diacarb», as the diuretic effect will not increase, but, on the contrary, will weaken considerably. Treatment should not exceed three days, so the schema therapy intermittent. Prescribed a day, 250-350 mg of the drug, depending on the diagnosis. Edema is appointed on 250 mg 1-2 times in 24 hours for 5 days. For the treatment of epilepsy the pill at one time 250-500 mg for 3 days.
Side effects of the drug
In some cases, can occur following undesirable phenomena:
- felt sick;
- low frequent stools;
- poor appetite;
- itching on the skin cover;
- myasthenia gravis;
Pharmaceutical agent «Diacarb» used in conjunction with other diuretic drugs and theophylline strengthens its diuretic action, and in the use of acid-forming diuretico — weakening. Combined intake with salicylates, ephedrine increases their toxicity. In a joint application «Diacarb» with glucocorticosteroid drugs increases the risk of hypokalemia.
Feature the use of «Diacarb» is a necessity in keeping the intervals between the doses. Continuously taking the pill up to 5 days, and if necessary get medication diuretic effect, treatment should not exceed 3 days. In the treatment process «Diacarb» necessarily limit the use of salt and water and complementary therapy potassium-containing medicines and food, which are rich in potassium.
Storage conditions and shelf life
Drug «Diacarb» to be stored for 5 years, but subject to temperature. For this room the temperature should not exceed 25 degrees Celsius. In addition, it is important that the drug did not get the sun’s rays and moisture. Sold by drug «Diacarb» only by prescription.