Dark urine: causes in men and women symptoms, how to treat
Often patients notice that they have dark urine, and because of this, starting to panic. But the darkening of the fluid is not always a sign of pathology. In a healthy person is a bright, yellowish liquid with no unpleasant odors. If the urine became dark in color, you must consult your doctor who will determine the cause of such changes. Dark urine in the morning is the norm, because people have not visited the toilet, and the body does not get other liquid. Usually the second act of urination has a more bright urine. The color selections change with many factors, because the urine is blood, mucous and purulent admixture. Thus, in patients of black is the color of the urine, discharge grayish or Burgundy colour or brown liquid. If the urine is dark in color is supported by other symptoms (pain in the abdomen or lower back, weakness, headache, pain in the side or temperature), then the patient needs to be examined by a doctor.
Physiological causes darkening of the liquid
If the urine of the patient was painted a darkish color, do not need to panic, because the darkened selection are observed not only in the development of ailments. The natural causes of the appearance of dark urine color include the use of small amounts of liquids, eating foods which urine becomes cloudy. Urine changes color after exercise or sex, when the body got exercise.
The appearance of dark urine of the morning is the norm for any person, because after sleep the urine is highly concentrated. Also the color changes by the use of small quantities of liquid per day or as a result of sweating, which manifests itself on hot days or when exercising. This phenomenon indicates elevated levels of urochrome. What foods cause staining of urine in dark tint? A coloring effect have strong tea and coffee, legumes, beets, beef, carrots, rhubarb, blueberries, etc.
What are the pathological causes?
In what diseases the person stands while urinating urine dark? The reasons are divided into 2 groups. The first group includes changing the color of urine the disease, which affects the organs of the urinary system (kidneys, urethra, bladder). Such diseases include pyelonephritis, kidney stone disease, cystitis, malignancy or jade. The second group are General disorders of the body’s metabolism (the appearance of jaundice, hyperlipidemia or hemolysis) that affects the urine.
As evidenced by the tint?
A distinctive feature is the urinary connotation. If the urine becomes dark brown in color, it indicates liver disease or gallbladder ailments, resulting from kidney excreted bilirubin and biliverdin (e.g., developing cholestasis), and in kidney stone disease Otradnaya the flow of bile. When the liquid darkened to a dark yellow color, the patient progresses to the disease, which affects the urinary tract. In addition, the secretions reveal a high level of salts, urate, etc. can Also be gray urine, indicating the presence of purulent secretions.
If the urine turns a dark color, then it may be the development of cirrhosis, and there is dark urine hepatitis C, or kidney ailments, because of which disrupted the process of removing excess toxins. In addition, in the pathology the patient has symptoms such as increased sweating, nausea, increased protein in urine, vomiting and pain, the patient is liquid with odor and fever. It is important that when change detection was installed the exact factor, which darkens the urine. In particular, this concerns cases when a person is troubled by fever and sharp pain in the lower abdomen, it can be a pain in the left side or the right side, headaches, and weakness, diarrhea.
Causes of dark discharge in men
Allocation in an adult male can change color when ailments ejaculatory ducts, prostate, testes and other reproductive organs. This is because through the urethra passes urine, and seminal secretions, and the prostate secretion. The appearance of rust hue means that in the prostate gland stagnant blood, which is manifested in men with prostatitis. Upon detection of a brick color, it is possible to identify trauma of the scrotum or the presence of inflammatory processes in the epididymis.
What darken allocation in women?
Dark urine in women can be a sign of inflammatory processes that appear in the body of the patient. These include malignant tumors in the pancreas and the liver, kidney diseases, injuries of various kinds, the development of vasculitis, jaundice or hepatitis, haemolytic anemia, and a symptom is manifested with pancreatitis. If the patient developed dark urine, urinary channels could get infected or the patient discovered the high bilirubin.
Dark urine in women manifests itself when certain dietary needs or if you are using products which have a coloring effect (tea or coffee, beet, etc.). Dark urine can be a symptom of pregnancy that appears due to hormonal alterations in a patient, or is manifested after giving birth. Dirty and smelly liquid is released when sexually transmitted diseases, cervical cancer and dysfunctional uterine myoma.
Symptoms dark urine
In a healthy person is highlighted in pale yellow liquid, having no odor and impurities. But there are different causes of dark urine, and the hue depends on the type of the developing disease. Discoloration of urine is sometimes associated with age, because after 50 years there is a loss of the genitourinary system in men and women. Thus, for each syndrome is characterized by urine specific color.
- If the urine color has changed to dark yellow, while the liquid is cloudy and the high concentration, the patient has been dehydrated, resulting in nausea, vomiting and liquid light chair.
- Allocation of brown color indicate hemolytic anemia.
- Black urine is a sign of melanosarcoma, alkaptonuria and diagnosed acute hemolytic kidney.
- Red, almost Burgundy thick urine with blood evidence of tumors, cystitis and kidney stone disease.
- Glomerulonephritis — the reason you receive the color of meat slops.
- Greenish—brown tint (urine color of beer) means that the patient develops parenchymal jaundice.
- In the presence of a shade of gray that is almost white and bleached, indicate the presence in the secretions of fats or purulent discharge, with unpleasant smells of urine.
What diseases are associated with darkening of urine?
What causes uric shade, what illnesses? Changing allocate such diseases as malignant tumors, kidney diseases and hepatitis or cirrhosis, which affects the liver. Change of shade caused by getting an infection in the urinary system, metabolic disorders, intoxication, copper salts, and dehydration that appear in the cold. If the patient has detected changes, it is necessary to consult a doctor who will deliver an accurate diagnosis and prescribe the necessary remedial measures.
How to treat?
If instead of the usual light yellow hue urine appeared dark discharge, the person should seek help from a doctor. In the process of examination will be determined by the factor due to which urine has changed color, and on the basis of individual indicators of the health of a person will select effective treatment. The healing process Otradnaya, if change color, and added pain (pain in lower abdomen right or left), itching, frequent urination, fatigue. If time does not begin treatment, the patient will have complications.
One of the factors affecting the hue is dehydration, in which case enhanced drinking regime to restore the balance. If the fluid appears dark due to the use of products having the coloring pigment, they are excluded from the diet (consumption of tea, coffee, alcohol, beets, carrots, etc.). Also the color selections change infectious disease, treated only with antibiotics. But antibiotics to choose on their own not because, in addition to harmful microorganisms, affected the microflora.