Cramps during urination in women: causes, treatment

Such unpleasant symptoms such as burning, cramps and pain when urinating in women is quite common. They encourage people to immediately consult a doctor to determine the causes of this condition. Malaise may indicate the presence of inflammation or infection in one of the organs of the urinary tract. What causes illness and how it can be eliminated?

General information

The discomfort during urination occur due to existing inflammatory process in the bladder or urethra. Women are most susceptible to various diseases of the organs of the urinary tract due to the specific structure of pelvic organs. At occurrence of the slightest signs of burning or sverbezha genital, cramps and pain when urinating in women, should immediately visit a doctor and undergo the necessary tests to identify the root causes of a disease.

Possible causes of cramps women urination

The most common causes of infection in the bladder and urethra:

  1. Lack of genital hygiene.
  2. Hypothermia.
  3. The penetration of harmful bacteria and infection through the blood.
  4. The inflammatory process occurring in one of the kidneys.
  5. Periods in women. Painful syndrome that accompanies periods may be of varying intensity.
  6. Existing diseases, sexually transmitted.


Chlamydia refers to a sexually transmitted disease, which is the causative agent the bacterium chlamydia. The bacterium gets into the urinary canal and develops there without showing any symptoms. In the absence of proper treatment of chlamydia women at risk of complications such as inflammation of the cervix and infertility.

Venereal disease — gonorrhea

Harmful bacteria gonococcus provokes sexually transmitted disease called gonorrhea. The root cause of the disease acts unprotected intercourse with a carrier of the infection. The most commonly affected organs are the urethra and internal genitals (the vagina, a woman’s uterus). Among the characteristic symptoms are the following:

  • frequency of urge to urinate;
  • cramps after urination in women;
  • the presence of pus in the urine;
  • redness and irritation of the external genitalia.
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A disease in which the stones are formed in the kidney, bladder or ureter. The disease is common among women of all ages and provokes the emergence of such symptoms:

  • pain and lower abdominal pain similar to IBS;
  • sverbezh and burning in the vagina;
  • frequent desire to urinate.

The disease — urethritis

Inflammation of the urethra provokes a disease, such as urethritis. The main feature of the disease is acute pain and severe cramps in the end of urination. The disease affects children, women and men at different ages. If you suspect this disease should immediately contact the gynecologist or urologist in order to avoid negative health effects.


Venereal disease, which also called trichomoniasis. Pathogens — harmful microorganisms Trichomonas, which are in contact with the vulva provokes an inflammatory process. In women, the disease causes thrush and inflammation of the cervix. Signs of trichomoniasis: cutting pain when urinating in women, a slight heaviness in the abdomen.

Inflammation of the bladder (cystitis)

Cystitis inflammation of the bladder wall and problems with flow of urine. There are typical pains during urination and cramps and severe pain in the end of the process. The disease mainly affects the female half of the population. This is due to the structure of the urethra and the genital organs. Cystitis is accompanied by fever and presence of blood clots in the urine.


Bacterial kidney disease and the inflammatory process occurring in them, spreading to adjacent organs, including bladder. Pyelonephritis has the following characteristics:

  • urine with blood;
  • severe pain in lumbar region and pains in the urinary channel;
  • ill General condition and fever;
  • a rare urge to urine separation or, conversely, frequent urination.

Candidiasis (thrush)

Lesion of female genital organs of the fungi Candida called thrush or candidiasis. Malaise manifests with burning and itching of the vagina, whitish discharge. A woman may experience pain in the pubic region, internal itchy vagina and burning sensation during intercourse. A woman needs to treat the disease together with its partner through a variety of drugs.

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Cramps when urinating during menses

During menstruation, many women experience some discomfort and pain during urination. These unpleasant symptoms can be caused by:

  1. The use of absorbent tampons. They often irritate the delicate mucosa, causing redness and sharp pain.
  2. Sharp pain and burning sensation may occur after application of the scented pads.
  3. Itching during menses can be caused by hypothermia.
  4. Common cause is the presence of any internal inflammation.


If you suspect the discomfort associated with the urinary system, the woman should address to the doctor-the gynecologist, the urologist or the venereologist. The doctor will prescribe the passage and delivery of the necessary research, the purpose of which is to identify the causes that triggered the disease, and the establishment of an accurate diagnosis. Such diagnostic tests include:

  1. Surrender of General analysis of urine and blood.
  2. Ultrasound of the bladder and urethra.
  3. Cytoscope — examination (inspection) of the inner surface of the bladder.
  4. Research method a piece of tissue bladder biopsy.



Depending on the reasons which provoked the disease, therapy pain and sharp pains in the separation of urine in women is with the purpose of the course of antibiotics (tablets «Doxycycline» drug «MONORAL») and anti-inflammatory drugs (drugs «Ketarol» and «no-Spa»). A certain dosage and duration of treatment appointed strictly physician, medication can be given. Antibiotic is prescribed to eliminate the infection agent, and an anti — inflammatory medicine-to restore the functioning of the bladder and urethra.

Folk remedies

Traditional methods of treatment used in the home, as related to basic therapy tools. First aid if you experience unpleasant symptoms — plenty of warm drinks. Will be particularly useful broth hips, cranberry juice, and diuretic herb teas. Of liquids you should drink at least 2 liters a day. It is necessary to wash out the bladder and washing out of harmful substances from the body. Abundant fluid intake also helps relieve pain accompanying menstruation.

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It is useful to make douching. As a solution for douching good therapeutic decoction of chamomile, oak bark, St. John’s wort. To prepare the broth should take 1 tsp. of any of herbs, pour a glass of boiling water. Allow to stand and use for douching. Such decoctions have good antiseptic properties cure sore urinating and can relieve the pain in the urethra and bladder.


To prevent ailments related to the problems of urine outflow, it is necessary to conduct mandatory prevention. It includes the implementation of such rules:

  1. Careful care of the sexual organs.
  2. Avoid unprotected sex with strangers.
  3. The use of free underwear made from natural materials.
  4. Use of ordinary soap to wash the intimate area.
  5. During menstruation do not use absorbent cotton swabs.

The following preventive rules to avoid infection of harmful bacteria and keep his health. At occurrence of first symptoms of illness with impaired outflow of urine, do not postpone visit to the doctor, so as not to trigger a transition into a chronic disease and the appearance of possible complications. It is easier to prevent disease than to fight it!