Complications of angina the kidneys: treatment, prevention
Angina as a distinct disease, is not a serious threat to the body. Much more dangerous is a kidney complication that occurs as a consequence of the disease. It would seem that the connection between disease of the throat and diuretic system. But, according to statistics, the organ most frequently affected after suffering angina.
Why are there complications?
Angina is an inflammatory process which is characterized by a sharp rise in temperature and a white coating on the tonsils. In addition, it is a very sore and scratchy throat. In this case the immune system begins to produce antibodies to the infection. Antibodies are proteins whose job is to destroy alien antigens. But a streptococci, the causative agents of sore throat, are composed of antigens, similar to renal, cardiac, and other tissues of the body. So when the immune system begins to attack foreign microorganisms, it can accidentally destroy and organ tissue. As a consequence, this leads to complications. Particularly severe are the effects of sore throats for children. Thus, the kidneys of the child are in the process of growth and development, and their defeat slows down this process. It is therefore particularly important to diagnose a sore throat in children and in the future to treat her right.
Kinds of complications on the kidneys after a sore throat
In General, complications can be divided into 2 groups:
- Common. Their essence is that as a result of the disease triggered a number of reactions from the body that result in the tissue organs.
- Local. Represent defeat the point. Do not pose a threat to humans, but need the right treatment under the supervision of a qualified physician.
Complications in the kidneys belong to the General group. The result of tonsillitis are able to develop diseases such as pyelonephritis and glomerulonephritis. The main danger of them is that the main function of the kidneys is the excretion of toxins. Disruption in the diuretic system will lead to the accumulation of harmful substances in the body. As a result, recovery will be harder.
This disease is an inflammatory process that develops in the kidneys. Pyelonephritis occurs in acute and chronic forms. Symptoms includes sudden increases in temperature up to 40 degrees, weakness and chills. Quite often aching head and back. In case of untimely beginning of treatment, the disease becomes chronic. For this type of pyelonephritis is characteristic jump in body temperature and blood pressure. Symptoms tend to worsen, especially depending on the weather.
To be diagnosed with pyelonephritis need access to a urologist. Only he is able to distinguish this illness from the same. When the diagnosis is necessary laboratory analysis of urine and blood, ultrasound of the kidneys and, if needed, an x-ray. With timely treatment to the doctor pyelonephritis successfully treated with medicines. If you run a disease, need surgery. Primary prevention of pyelonephritis consists in the complete cure of the disease, a complication which sometimes becomes.
Treatment Of Glomerulonephritis
Glomerulonefrit is an infectious inflammation of the kidneys. There are two forms of the disease: acute and chronic. The latter is not necessarily a consequence of the first. So, chronic glomerulonefrit is an independent, primary disease. The causes of the disease become infection, a sore throat and including. In addition, to cause disease of the able vaccine, food and medicines.
The symptoms of glomerulonephritis include swelling, fever, headache, and the presence of blood in the urine. Also often patients sore area around the kidneys. The main danger of glomerulonefrita is that sometimes it goes in a latent form. The symptoms are practically absent and detect the disease only by accident, when the diagnosis on other occasions Running glomerulonefrit goes into renal failure. Diagnosed by a doctor-the nephrologist. At the time of diagnosis the patient passes his urine and blood samples, as well as ultrasound of the kidneys. In some cases, a biopsy.
The treatment of this disease should be under the supervision of a nephrologist. In the acute phase need to be hospitalized. Treatment consists of a strict diet and medicines. Also, people with this diagnosis are prohibited long travel and contact with toxic substances. Prophylaxis consists in timely treatment of infectious diseases that have complications in the form of glomerulonephritis.
The effects of complications on the kidneys
The most frequent consequence of the transferred pyelonephritis or glomerulonephritis is their transition into a chronic form. But it’s not the worst thing that can happen. The improper or untimely treatment develops renal failure. The result, in most cases, becomes kidney failure. One of the consequences is increased blood pressure. This, in turn, leads to heart attacks and strokes. Don’t forget that if you have problems with your kidneys in the body accumulate toxins that interfere with normal function all organs and systems.
How to avoid complications?
To prevent the development of complications after a sore throat could only just started treatment, namely antibiotics. So, according to statistics, if within weeks of the onset of symptoms of angina to take action, the bacteria will completely die. As a result, tissue organs, including the kidney, will not be damaged. It should be noted that for each patient the antibiotic should be chosen individually. If angina was not diagnosed in time and took more than a week from the first symptoms, the doctor prescribes bitsillin. This category of antibiotics, which persist in the blood for long time and thereby prevent the occurrence of complications.
Prevention of complications
To prevent the development of complications is necessary to keep rules such as:
- Bed rest. Stick to it for at least 7 days even if patient feels well and symptoms are almost gone.
- Drinking large amounts of fluid. While drinking the human body is cleansed of harmful substances and toxins. This contributes to the rapid recovery.
- Avoid physical exertion. So, a return to the old lifestyle should happen gradually.
- To reduce the quantity of stressful situations. It was after the emotional turmoil the body is weakened and there are complications.
- To lead a healthy lifestyle. It is necessary to abandon bad habits and to eat right.
- Gargle. This should be done as often as possible during the rinsing washed away the pus and plaque from the tonsils.
In addition, it is important not SuperCool, including not to drink cold water. One of the main reasons that leads to complications after sore throat, is self. Therefore, the appearance of the first symptoms of the disease (even if just a sore throat), you must immediately consult a doctor. The observance of such simple rules and guidelines will prevent the development of complications of sore throat.