Chronic urethritis: how’s it going, exacerbation, treatment
Pathology of the urinary tract is called chronic urethritis. There is, as a rule, in the absence or incorrect treatment of an acute inflammatory process of the urethra. Slowing treatment leads to adhesions, possible narrowing of the lumen of the urethra and other serious pathological conditions.
Urological disease, during which the urethra occur inflammation, called chronic urethritis. The symptoms of inflammation appear about once for a few months, if you do not take serious treatment. Spread by sexual contact and is found mainly in people of young age who are sexually active.
The symptoms are very similar to the symptoms of cystitis, therefore, to distinguish between these 2 diseases is almost impossible without clinical tests.
Male urethritis is often accompanied by additional pathologies. The acute form of the disease often occurs together with other inflammatory processes in the urogenital system. For men this disease really affects life. The walls of the urethra are inflamed and when the process of urination acute burning pain. Female urethritis is less pronounced, as the female urethra shorter.
The etiology and course of the disease
Cause disease not only with a sick partner, but also other factors. Improper nutrition or improper diet can cause inflammation of the urethra. Reduced overall immunity of the body contributes to the violation of the microflora of the genital organs and the vagina, causing inflammation. Urolithiasis is also the reason, constantly irritating the urethra. Medical mechanical interference or toxic substances irritate the walls of the urethral canal, causing acute inflammation.
How is the aggravation of the disease in women?
In women, chronic urethritis develops in several stages. The duration of each stage is caused by the individual characteristics of the organism and severity of disease. Each stage can last a long period of time and its flow in the subsequent stage may not happen at all. Let’s consider the stages of development of urethritis in women:
- Escalates from time to time, the severity of the exacerbation is different. Symptoms appear rarely, and disappear in a short period of time and do not cause strong discomfort. Receiving a light antibiotic to quickly eliminate the symptoms.
- Pills do not help, exacerbations become more frequent. Remove the symptom can only be a strong pain killer.
- The symptoms become unbearable, the pain is felt, pain medications and antibiotics are powerless, and sometimes cause aggravation of chronic urethritis. The woman begins to feel the fear of sex, delicious food and cold.
There are primary urethritis, which occurs directly in the urethra, and secondary infection gets into the channel formed in the other body. Pathogens of chronic urethritis are parasites that can be found inside cells and outside. They are adapted to the antibacterial effects and in a state of suspended animation unable to be active, while in the epithelium.
The disease in men
Urethritis may be asymptomatic for a long time or the symptoms are mild. With the help of a strong immune system or pills the symptoms of the disease disappear and there is a chronic form. Male chronic urethritis in almost all cases, has an acute form and occurs on the background of other inflammatory processes. Male urethritis causes severe pain while urinating. Even minor symptoms of inflammation of the urinary tract cannot be ignored, the first signs are a signal for immediate treatment to the doctor.
The types of chronic urethritis
The disease has 2 types: gonococcal or gonococcal urethritis and negonokokkovi degeneracy or urethritis. Gonorrheal urethritis — called gram-negative bacteria, which are placed in the urethra. Degeneracy divided into several subtypes:
- Hlamidiozy is the most common. More than half of men suffer from this form of urethritis. The main cause of the disease is unprotected sexual intercourse.
- Trichomonas is transmitted through exposure to seminal fluid at birth from mother to child, through blood infection through everyday contact. The incubation process after intrusion is about 1 month.
- Is transmitted by unprotected sex, infection during oral or anal sex.
- Candida urethritis — causes of infection are unprotected sexual intercourse, household contacts, visit common establishments (shower, bath, pool), lack of hygiene of the genital organs. Incubation takes place over 21 days.
- Herpes urethritis — the cause of infection is unprotected sexual intercourse. The infected person is rarely aware of the presence of the virus, since a strong immune system, the disease is asymptomatic. Manifested against other diseases.
Chronic inflammation of the urethra can be non-infectious (allergic, traumatic, congestive). In chronic urethritis the severity can be divided into 3 types: highly active, homerenovation and subactive. The nature of the disease is divided into acute, subacute and torpid.
Signs and symptoms
Long asymptomatic course of chronic urethritis sooner or later forced to see a doctor, as the situation gradually worsens. A long delay in treatment leads to complications, narrowing of the spinal canal that causes severe pain while urinating and difficulty of this process, as urine flow is very weak. The main symptoms — pain, itching, burning during urination, purulent discharge from the genitals.
Can be performed only when using the stroke, which is taken from the mucous membrane of the urethral canal. Testing for the presence of bacteria, if detected, additionally appointed the blood test for the detection of antibodies. Also used urine culture microflora. For diagnostic use ultrasonography, which can determine the level of paraurethral lesions of cells and the General condition of the genital organs.
Treatment of pathology
When the diagnosis of «urethritis», the treatment is the same in men and women. The main objectives of treatment are eradication of infection and restoration of the urethral walls. Treatment of chronic urethritis occurs over several months. Conducted antibacterial therapy in the the urethra are entered medications. For treatment using antibiotic drugs (tetracyclines, macrolides, fluoroquinolones) and enzyme drugs that restore the mucous membrane, antihistamines and protivoallergennye.
Treatment of folk remedies
Successfully used to treat the fees of sage, St. John’s wort, horsetail, couch grass, grass celandine, the flowers of tansy. Used bath and taken inside infusions and decoctions, also do douching. It should be remembered that the use of only traditional medicine urethritis persists. Treatment is possible only in conjunction with antibacterial therapy. The chronic form is curable only if antibiotics are used.
For preventive purposes, there are a few rules which must be adhered to:
- it is impossible to prevent hypothermia;
- must strictly adhere to the hygiene of the genital organs;
- when you have sex to use contraceptives;
- to avoid stressful situations;
- follow a healthy diet, drink plenty of fluids;
- to undergo regular preventive examination (1 every six months).
If you won chronic urethritis, these rules should be followed strictly to avoid re-exacerbation of the disease. To use contraceptives that do not cause allergic reactions. Per day should drink at least 2 litres of water. Salted, smoked and spicy food is contraindicated and it can be consumed only in small amounts.