Candida urethritis in women and men: symptoms, treatment
Secrete a variety of infections that are able to defeat the urethra. Candidal urethritis (mycotic urethritis, thrush) is an infectious disease, the causative agent of which are fungi Candida. These mushrooms are resistant to environmental factors and develop under favorable conditions, creating an infectious lesion in the genitourinary system.
The main cause of the fungal urethritis — the active growth of fungi Candida on the background of weakening of immunity. This disease can appear at any age, but often gets infected sexually Mature female. Pathogenic bacteria can enter through the skin, from the gut, in the period of sexual intercourse. There are primary and secondary forms of urethritis. Primary inflammation originating in the urethra; secondary infection of the urethra comes from other organs (prostate glands, pelvic organs, urinary bladder).
There are acute and chronic form of thrush. The acute form is characterized by the sudden manifestations of symptoms and involves emergency treatment (due to delivering a strong unpleasant States). Chronic Candida urethritis— the presence of dormant infection in the body, which manifests itself at the slightest reduction of functionality of the immune system.
The reasons for the development
A fundamental factor in the development of the pathology is the active growth of mushrooms Candida due to favorable climate in the human body. The causative agents are bacteria, which are not able to adversely affect the healthy human body, however, if lowered immunity is the infection. The decrease in local defenses of the urethra occurs due to such reasons:
previous stressful situation;
- bad habits and abuse;
- the disturbed balance of the intestinal microflora;
- genetic and acquired disorders of the immune system;
- a different manifestation of the allergic reactions;
- diseases associated with the normal functioning of the immune system;
- failures in the endocrine system associated with the methods of hormones or antibiotics.
The main reason for the development of urethritis in men is maintain casual sex with frequent changes of partners without safety measures. Illness can get anyone, regardless of age. However, to identify the correct cause of the disease and to select effective methods of treatment can only specialist.
Clinical manifestations in men
The penetration of infection in male body occurs through the capillaries, lymphatic ducts, through the integument of the skin or the intestinal wall. However, the most common method of transmission is through unprotected sexual intercourse. At low immune functions in the urethra and its walls, fungal urethritis begins deep impact on the male body.
The manifestation of the first symptoms of candidiasis may appear within a couple of hours after sexual contact. However, the incubation period for fungal activation lasts from 3 to 21 days. The main symptoms of urethritis in men include:
- cutting in the urethra during urination, accompanied by burning and itching;
- the head of your cock in a light white bloom, apparent swelling and redness;
- urethra separates white mucus;
- frequent urge for urination, and the feeling of fullness in the bladder;
- the increased sensitivity of male sexual organ;
- sharp pain during intercourse.
Symptoms in women
The manifestation of symptoms in women is weaker than men. This is usually:
- the itching and burning sensation of the urethra;
- the presence of cottage cheese discharge in the morning;
- permanent white patches in the vagina.
In laboratory studies of the stroke found elevated in leukocytes, mycelium filaments and yeast cells. The initial detection of the disease comes on 3-7 day. Infection of infectious urethritis not manifested by weakness, chills, fever. Discomfort during urination is indicative of a clear promotion and the worsening of the infectious process.
Diagnosis of candidal urethritis
The main objective of a specialist in the diagnosis of thrush is the root cause that caused the candidiasis. Pathogens — opportunistic, Caledonia microorganisms. The specialist when receiving visually inspect the urethra and for the accurate diagnosis appoints these tests:
- smear from the urethra;
- histological study samples of the infected tissues;
- clinical blood and urine tests;
- biochemistry of blood.
The results of these analyses will be to understand exactly the cause of infectious diseases and to appoint effective treatment. However, for the selection of high-quality therapy should be tested for the types of antibiotics that will destroy fungus of the Candida species. For diagnosis and detect possible complications, prescribing comprehensive treatment for full recovery of health in the body and avoid recurrences.
Late diagnosis and therapy of fungal infection leads to the chronic form of Candida disease. The immune system inhibits the growth of bacteria. But under favorable conditions (hypothermia, lowered immunity, exacerbation of chronic diseases) fungi Candida progresses manifestation of urethritis.
When running the form of candidiasis emit many dangerous complications, and sometimes record the progress of the disease in the esophagus. In women thrush can develop into broken state of microflora of the vagina; inflammation of the bladder and its ways. Male complications of candidal urethritis — prostatitis, vesiculitis, orchitis, stricture of the ureter. Time untreated infectious urethritis in men can affect the prostate, testicles and seminal vesicles.
The treatment of the disease
Treatment of candidal urethritis takes place in two stages — the elimination of infection and restoration of the walls of the damaged organ. The elimination of the infection occurs through the course of antimicrobials. You should not treat the infectious process using only traditional methods. They can only be effective in the complex therapy of drugs with antifungal action. Antibiotic therapy, adapted according to the results of the study at diagnosis, used when joining concomitant disease in the genitourinary system. In the complex carry out preventive measures side effects from antibiotics using vitamin and immunostimulatory drugs. In acute course of candidal disease specialist assigns lavage of the urethra specially designed substances with antimicrobial and disinfectant properties.
Heavier treatable chronic form of candidal urethritis. In this type of the disease requires taking systemic antifungal drugs, antibacterial therapy is appointed by the administration of drugs into the urethra. For the period of therapy should be avoided sex. You can’t run the symptoms and to self-medicate. Only qualified after a thorough diagnosis may prescribe quality treatment for each specific case when the diagnosis of candidal urethritis.
Effective antifungal drugs
A positive impact on the course of candidal urethritis with «Fluconazole» has been proven in medical practice. The effect is based on preventing the growth of fungi and the destruction of existing pathogens. Positive quality is the rapid absorption into the blood, as a consequence, the drug the long-term remains in the blood plasma and reaches the maximum efficiency. Fluconazole comes in the form of tablets or solution for injection. The duration and dosage ascribes doctor. Among the side effects secrete diarrhea, bloating and allergic reactions, but in large cases, the tool is transferred positively.
Drug «Pimafucin» broad spectrum disinfectant properties manifests itself, leading to the elimination of pathogenic bacteria. This drug is almost not absorbed by the digestive canal, mucous membrane and skin, but it is detected only in the intestine. Method of production of «Pimafucin» — in the form of tablets, suppositories and creams. The doctor individually selects an acceptable form for the therapy. Of the side effects secrete diarrhea, nausea. If you are using cream or perhaps suppository burning sensation.
The Drug «Nystatin»
«Nystatin» is low-toxic antibiotic, which is not typical active absorption during digestion. Due to this feature, the use of the tablets of «Nystatin» has to be in combination with antifungal ointments in severe manifestations of the disease. The drug acts detrimental to the fungus Candida. Release form of the drug is in the form of tablets, ointments and suppositories. Its purpose is usually pursues two goals: preventative (during the consumption of potent Antibacterials with high risk of reproduction of fungal components) and treatment (in the treatment of a variety of candidiasis).
The Medication «Lamisil»
«Lamisil» has a wide range of effects suitable for the treatment of both systemic and local candidiasis. Contributes to the efficient destruction of infectious agents. Oral «Lamizila» is characterized by rapid absorption of the active formula. In the treatment of candidiasis this medication should be used during meals in order to avoid violations of the intestinal microflora. Preferred properties of the compound — absence of influence on the endocrine system and allergic reactions while taking other medicines, as well as rapid metabolism and release during urination. Various different forms of issue — spray, cream, solution, ointment.
Preventive measures of fungal urethritis are the avoidance and elimination of such conditions:
- diseases of the genitourinary system chronic stages;
- casual sex;
- the consumption of fried, spicy, sour, spicy and pickled foods;
- the abuse of alcoholic beverages.
To preventive measures include the maintenance of the immune system to protect the body. The person requires to maintain an active lifestyle, adherence to the rules of proper and balanced nutrition, the use of tempering procedures, do not abuse physical activity and maintaining a balanced emotional state. At the first sign of discomfort, seek the advice of a specialist. Timely treatment is the key to a favorable outcome of the disease.