Bacterial urethritis in women and men: treatment, causes, symptoms
Inflammation of the urinary canal is often observed in men and women. The most commonly diagnosed bacterial urethritis, which is caused by penetration of microorganisms into the urethra. This person feels discomfort and pain during urination. Often leads to the pathology of long-lasting bladder catheterization or frequent change of sexual partners. Bacterial inflammation should be timely to diagnose and treat, so it doesn’t turn into a more serious form and there were no complications.
Bacterial urethritis occurs when the urogenital system penetrate harmful microorganisms. Distinguish between bacterial and non-specific urethritis specific, it all depends on the agent causing the pathology. In the second case, the pathology occurs in the case of infection in the body. Pathogens of non-specific urethritis are the bacteria, such as Enterococcus, Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, E. coli and others. Thus inflamed mucous membrane of the urethra that affects the General condition of the patient.
Bacterial urethritis in women often occurs after menopause, because the body decreases the amount of estrogen that leads to atrophy of the mucous membrane of the genitourinary system.
This pathology is quite serious and causes significant harm to men’s and women’s health. Women often bacteria penetrate the vagina, which complicates treatment of the disease. It is crucial to identify and carry out therapeutic measures aimed at elimination of infection and restoration of normal microflora in the urogenital organs.
The main reasons
The main cause of bacterial of urethritis involves the detection of Staphylococcus aureus in the urethra and other harmful microorganisms. Typically, they serve the penetration of the unprotected sex that leads to infection. Pathology often occurs and indicates venereal disease.
If discovered Staphylococcus aureus in the urethra, the pathology is primary. In the case of penetration of microorganisms from other organs, urethritis is secondary. For this pathology the bacteria get into the urethra through the lymphogenous or hematogenous pathways. Doctors identify the following main causes of the pathology:
- diseases in the chronic form, which originated the inflammation;
- allergic reactions to food and medicines;
- injury to the urethra;
- kidney stones, due to which there is stagnation of urine;
- narrowing of the urethra.
Often to bacterial urethritis causes unhealthy diet (salty, fried and fatty foods) and excessive alcohol consumption. In men, the urethritis of this type occurs if there are prostatitis, which is not timely cured. Significant physical exertion or a stressful situation affect health and lead to inflammation.
The symptoms of bacterial of urethritis in women and men
At first symptoms are not evident, so the patient does not know that the urethra include Enterococcus, Staphylococcus and other bacteria. The incubation period has an indefinite duration: in some symptoms in a few days, while others go unnoticed for months. The patient complains of such symptoms:
- pain when urinating;
- discomfort and pain during the sexual act;
- burning and itching in the urethra;
- pain in the abdomen;
- the allocation of odor.
Women often pathology remains undetected in connection with the special structure of the genital organs. Men often complain of unpleasant symptoms and more difficult to survive the disease. This is because the male urethra is already longer than the women. While in men, there is redness and swelling around the urethra. It is important to notice the symptoms and treat that pathology has not passed in chronic. This will lead to infection of neighboring internal organs.
To diagnose this pathology with the assistance of medical equipment easy. According to the research results, the doctor will prescribe individual treatment. It is therefore essential to undergo a comprehensive diagnosis to identify pathology and to precisely identify the sources of its occurrence. The patient is prescribed the following studies:
- Surrender of General analysis of urine confirming the presence of inflammation in the body.
- General blood test indicates a bacterial organism defeat. There will be observed an increased number of white blood cells.
- The smear will determine the presence of Streptococcus, Enterococcus or Staphylococcus in the urethra.
- Bacterial seeding urine aimed at determining the sensitivity to specific antibiotics that are used in therapy.
- Spend. to find out in what condition are the walls of the body.
Additionally performed ultrasound of the bladder, ureters and kidneys. For men, the prescribed ultrasound of the prostate. Before diagnosis the patient should prepare to get the most accurate results. Doctors recommend to avoid sex the day before procedures. Also need to stop using any antibiotics.
Treatment of pathology
Therapy should be aimed at eliminating harmful bacteria. As a rule, the treatment of Staphylococcus, Streptococcus and other pathologies includes the use of antibacterial drugs. The complex doctors prescribe uroantiseptiki such as «Miramistin», «Furacilin», «Collargol» and others. The funds, which are based include silver nitrate, eliminate itching and reduce pain. Often the data used in the lavage of the urethra.
The treatment consists of various ointments and cream, which regenerates the damaged tissue of the urethra.
For men in the conservative treatment include remedies that relieve swelling and redness around the urethra. When antibiotic therapy it is important to take medications and vitamins to maintain your immune system. It is worth while to follow the diet and avoid fatty and salty foods. At the time of therapy is recommended to stop sexual intercourse. If you have a permanent sexual partner, he should also undergo treatment to avoid relapse.
To reduce the likelihood of bacterial urethritis, should be regular preventive measures. They are timely diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the genitourinary system and kidneys. It is important not to expose the internal organs to hypothermia and injury. It is necessary to control the diet and give up bad habits.
The most important is protection during sexual intercourse as this is the main route of infection. Men and women are recommended to be checked for venereal diseases. To properly maintain genital hygiene and prevent the penetration of bacteria. Doctors strongly recommend to avoid stressful situations and to follow the mode of the day: do not overwork and sleep at least 8 hours.