Anomalies of the urinary system in women, men and children
According to statistics, developmental abnormalities of the urogenital system occur in every tenth person, and they lead to serious problems of physiological and psychological in nature. These anomalies are the most numerous because include malformations of many organs. To diagnose them only thanks to the medical equipment, for example, by x-ray or ultrasound.
What is the pathological development of the urinary system?
Malformations of the genitourinary system — genetic mutation expressed by the underdevelopment of a separate organ, or, on the contrary, his hypersuite. Anomalies include renal, bladder, ureters, urethra, causing problems in the field of male and female genitalia. Some can be considered minor, for example, a doubling of the ureters.
Malformations of the genitourinary system entail serious consequences, but there is also less dangerous disease.
Variety of pathologies
Disruption in the development of urinary tract
Pathology of the urinary tract refers to impairment in the development of the kidneys, ureters, the renal vessels and the bladder. This kind of disease are divided into two groups: anomalies of structure and position. In violation of the proper development of the kidneys, there is a hypoplasia (aplasia), hypoplasia, doubling of the kidneys, ureters and pelvis, polycystic kidney lumbar dystopia of a horseshoe kidney. To development disorders of the ureters are:
- congenital narrowing;
- pathology of the valves of the ureters;
- retrocaval location;
- ectopia (abnormal location of the mouth).
Pathology of the bladder
Often aplasia, doubling the diverticulum and bladder extrophy. When the diverticulum is the bulging of the bladder wall. When there is no overgrowth urinary duct — cyst is formed. While any symptoms of illness are observed. But the most serious and dangerous defect is considered to be the bladder extrophy — the pathology of not only the bladder but also of the abdominal cavity, pelvic bone, and urinary canal. This deviation involves mandatory treatment, as ignoring it may be fatal.
Pathology of the urethra in women, men and children
Malformations of the urinary system (urethra) — congenital malformation of the structure of the urethra and, consequently, impaired function. There is difficulty in passing urine, which adversely affect the functioning of the kidneys, therefore, require early treatment. It should be noted that pathology of the urinary system are more common than other bodies. These include the doubling of hypospadias, epispadia. Hypospadias — wrong location of the external opening of the urethra (located below the position). Hypospadias is found only in men. In women often the impaired development of the clitoris. Epispadia is considered to be a defect of the penis where the outer opening of the urethra in women and men is above normal on the upper surface of the penis.
The reasons for the development and appearance of anomalies of the urinary system
Anomalies of the genitourinary system congenital malformations of the fetus (CDF). Some problems are inherited from the parents. Pathology may lie in the mutation of the gene. The appearance is affected by the deviation, the impact of external factors. The CDF begins to emerge in the fetus in the first three months of pregnancy. This period is the formation of internal organs, and any external adverse factors directly on the fetus may trigger a delay or conversely, overly rapid development. To adverse factors may include viral infection, which hurts a pregnant woman, the impact of harmful chemical agents (dyes, resins), alcohol consumption during pregnancy as well as antibiotics, hormones and other drugs, the effects of radiation.
Symptoms and diagnosis
Any anomalies of development of organs of the urogenital system in humans provoke the appearance of diseases such as cystitis, urethritis, pyelonephritis. Can form stones in the bladder (due to stagnation of urine), frequent urination are present. Observed pain in the abdomen and lower back, urinary incontinence, blood during urination, the urine.
To detect defects of the urinary tract can before and after the birth of a child with special laboratory methods (ultrasound, computer or magnetic tomography, cystourethroscopy, uroflowmetry, palpation). Doctors perform the urine and blood in the laboratory. Important is a complete examination of the patient. Diagnosis of malformations of the urinary system in children — it is difficult and responsible. In case of elevated temperature, for unknown reasons, or loss of appetite should consult the pediatrician or the urologist.
What to do in such cases?
If a person was diagnosed with the pathology, in any case, the surgery is performed. Self-medication for anomalies of this kind are strictly prohibited! Although, if these violations do not prevent the canal of the urine, then the treatment is not necessary. Quick therapy pathology the urinary tract is possible only with early diagnosis. Each child is required to take the medical examination. A large part of the pathology requires surgery. Age of children under 1 year is the best time for surgery, because in older age the results of the therapy are getting worse.