The incubation period of chickenpox in children and adults
Chickenpox is a contagious disease that is best had in childhood, as in this period of life for it is in a fairly easy manner. Severe form the disease takes in infants and adults, especially with a weak immune system. Chickenpox is transmitted even in a fleeting contact with an infected person.
Chickenpox causes one of the herpes viruses type 3. You can also catch shingles from a patient, as this disease is also caused by the same virus.
The causative agent of chickenpox dies quickly at low and high temperatures, but at room temperature can last for several hours. The virus is volatile, it can get into the vents and move around the floors. Often chickenpox is manifested in the autumn-winter period. An epidemic happens every 5 years. Usually the infection affects children from 5 to 10 years.
Signs of chickenpox in a child
The disease is manifested by fever, the patient sharply rising temperatures up to 39 degrees and get a headache. One of the clearest symptoms of the disease symptoms are rashes all over the body and itching.
Rash in the form of bubbles, which are filled with liquid that covers most of the body, including mucous membranes. These bubbles rapidly bursting, turn into small ulcers. When the rash heals, it is covered with a crust, which eventually disappears. This means that recovery occurs. As a rule, rashes and disappear, leaving no trace, but when they are scratching to prevent scars.
There are rare cases when chicken pox occurs without lesions on the skin, but then you also need to consult with your doctor.
The incubation period is the initial latent stage of infection from the time of contact with the human body the causative agent of this infection until the first signs of the disease in children and adults. The incubation period is the hallmark of contagious diseases.
The incubation period
There are 3 phases of development of the incubation period.
- The incubation period coincides with the time of infection and adaptation of the causative agent of chickenpox in children and adults.
- The development of the incubation period is characterized by the propagation and increase of the virus in the organism of children and adults. Develops chicken pox virus in the infected cells of the upper respiratory tract, where initial formation of foci of infection, which slowly infects other cells.
- The final phase of the incubation period, the infectious agents appear in the blood and distributed throughout the body, multiply intracellular. After they will be enough on the skin of the patient shows the first symptoms of the disease.
From the human body in the final phase of the incubation period are called protective forces of the body appear antibodies to the virus of chickenpox. If the body has penetrated the chicken pox incubation period in adults is the same as that of the children. Exception — the elderly and neonates.
A baby can usually only contract it if the mother is not ill with chickenpox. Otherwise, the newborn in the body has immunity to the causative agent of chickenpox, which is passed from the mother in utero. He completes in 3-6 months and then the kid can get sick. Child under years carries chickenpox, is usually difficult.
The incubation period does not always go through all the phases, it can be stopped at any phase, so there is no specific period this period usually set is the most common.
The development of the disease
The incubation period duration depends on:
- the amount of virus that got into the body of children or adults in contact with the patient and the degree of infectiousness;
- immunity that protects the child’s body from any virus in General;
- hardening as the man who used to the cold, has good immunity. It does not reproduce the viruses. If the child has a good immunity to the chicken pox milder ;
- the environment, which affects the condition of the body of the child and the causative agent of chickenpox. For example, when there was contact with a patient with chickenpox in the room, the child almost always becomes infected, and upon contact on the street, he may not get sick.
If the incubation period for chicken pox is only about 10-21 days, and on average 12-18 days, you need to calculate how many days contagious chickenpox. It is believed that the child is contagious two days before symptoms of the rash and ceases to be contagious 5-7 days after the last bubbles.
At the end of the incubation period may be increased temperature and may show the first bubbles of the rash. This period cannot be skipped as you need time to isolate the child who is contagious to other ill children or adults.
How to treat chicken pox
Typically, the chicken pox go away on their own over 7-10 days. Body temperature usually ceases to rise after 2-3 days, but there are cases when it can be elevated throughout the disease.
Treatment of chickenpox is carried out symptomatically, it is necessary to treat the symptoms of a disease, such as fever and skin rash. Because medicine at this stage it is unknown how to prevent and treat chickenpox, the goal of treatment is to prevent suppuration of the vesicles. Very suitable for this solutions of brilliant green, potassium permanganate and fukortsin, as well as antiviral ointment.
Bathing a child with chicken pox just need to avoid re-infection of the skin. However, do not wash, use a washcloth and soap, it is better to add a weak solution of manganese in the bath. Need for a child to create all conditions: to wear only loose cotton underwear.
If a baby has severe itching, you should tell the doctor so he can prescribe anti-Allergy drugs.
At body temperature above 38 degrees and chills, the child needs to give antipyretic drug.
The child is contagious at least 9 days and it is isolated from surrounding this period. Kindergartens usually set quarantine up to 21 days.
A complication of chickenpox can be infrequent and usually due to careless treatment of the rash and its suppuration, which may lead to further scarring.
Vaccination against chickenpox
Vaccination helps not to get sick with chicken pox. Its recommended to children from 1 year and older, and adults who were not previously ill and had not received the vaccine against chickenpox. These vaccinations usually protect against the disease for about 10 years, and sometimes even more. On rare occasions the person who received the vaccination against chickenpox, can get sick, but to postpone this disease in a lightweight form.
Some children and adults with low immune system that is weakened as the result of any disease or medication should be protected from vaccination, not to have developed complications. Such patients first need the advice of experienced professionals.
The child is not infected, it is better not to send him to kindergarten when there has been quarantined for chicken pox, as a face mask can guarantee safety 100 percent.
Chickenpox is not yet won, and since it is much more complicated occurs in adults, it is best to recover from her childhood.