Dysbacteriosis of the vagina: treatment, symptoms
Unfortunately, many women suffer from various gynecological diseases. The most common is vaginal dysbiosis. Some are not even aware that they have not all right. It is therefore important to monitor their health, regularly visit the gynecologist and to respond immediately to any questionable symptoms.
What it is
This disease also has other names, for example, vaginal dysbiosis and bacterial vaginosis. Some call it the gardnerellosis or vaginal candidiasis, which is essentially wrong, as such manifestations are only one of the types of vaginal dysbiosis, and they should be treated differently. What is this disease?
The genitals of each women have special bacterial environment. Most of it are useful lactobacilli, a significant percentage is and bifidobacteria. But the source of the problem comes from the remaining 1% of the microflora. This so-called key cells of the vagina. These include, including the fungi Candida.
When there is a violation in the internal environment of the female sex organs, the bacteria from this category are beginning to behave more aggressive, their number increases. The body initially copes with the problem but if the immune strength is not enough, it can be argued that developed dysbiosis of the vagina. Microflora balance has been disturbed and, if it does not return to normal, it can lead to serious consequences.
The reasons for the development
The exact causes of bacterial vaginosis is quite difficult to identify, because to provoke such a violation can a huge number of factors. However, this does not particularly affect the treatment of the disease. If the internal mechanism of the development of the disease all clear what are the pathogens from the outside to cause it?
Dysbacteriosis of the vagina may occur for the following reasons:
- irregular sexual life;
- frequent change of partners;
- sex without the use of contraceptives;
- of sexually transmitted infections;
- failure to observe the rules of personal hygiene;
- violation of rules of use of tampons and pads during menstruation;
- infection of the pelvic organs;
- immune pathology;
- intestinal dysbiosis;
- sharp change of climatic conditions;
- long-term use of antibiotics;
- getting to the vagina of pathogenic microorganisms;
- hormonal changes;
- imbalance of microflora in General.
To trigger the development of disease may be one of these factors and also several. If infectious disease in the first place to direct all their efforts for his removal.
What are the risks of this disease
Vaginal dysbiosis itself is a particular threat to women’s health carries. It occurs almost every second woman, but much depends on further actions of the patient. If symptoms indicate serious violations, felt cramps and abdominal pain, it means that the disease progresses and, most likely, have already moved into a new form.
Dysbiosis genitals can trigger the development of other diseases, such as:
- adnexitis – inflammation of the appendages;
- endometritis – inflammation of the mucous membrane of the uterus;
- cervicitis – inflammation of cervix uteri;
- vaginitis – inflammation of the vaginal walls;
- urethritis, etc.
In the presence of such complications patient has pain in the lower abdomen, during sexual intercourse, while urinating, temperature can increase. Selection become purulent, and the odor only increased.
To treat them will be much harder, besides some can even lead to infertility. That’s why it’s so important not to procrastinate going to the doctor in case of detection of such problems.
Vaginal dysbiosis threat is not so much its nature as a stealth of the disease at an early stage. Many women simply do not notice alarming symptoms, and when they are quite apparent, the disease has time to grow, and to overcome it is much more difficult.
Dysbacteriosis of the vagina is characterized by these symptoms:
- abundant whitish discharge from the genitals of a white or yellowish;
- an unpleasant odor;
- pain during sexual intercourse;
- discomfort in the abdomen;
- vaginal dryness;
- cramps when urinating;
At first she may not notice the changes. Over time, the secretions are increasing, and they differ in color and smell normal. If you do not follow norms of hygiene, very quickly for them to added severe itching and burning. Usually it is at this stage a woman understands what you need to do something. If you ignore the problem, pathogenic microflora develops further and leads to more serious manifestations, including the development of purulent inflammation.
Quite often bacterial vaginosis have time to go into the chronic stage. In this case, the symptoms develop during exacerbation and during remission of the disease absolutely does not manifest itself.
As soon as you had seen similar symptoms, you should immediately consult a gynecologist to clarify the situation and if necessary start treatment. The sooner you do, the less becomes the risk of complications.
Prompt treatment is half the success. First we need to clarify the diagnosis. Of course, the main expert in this case is a gynecologist. For many physicians it is enough to hear the patient’s complaints resulting in unpleasant symptoms to determine what the problem is. However, in any case, it is necessary to conduct additional research to make sure of the correctness of our decisions and determine the direction of therapy.
If you suspect a vaginal dysbiosis mandatory swab is taken for analysis of the microenvironment. The detection of the slightest deviation is determined by the type vaginosis. This may be detected by thrush, if the number of fungi of the genus Candida exceeds the norm.
In some cases it is necessary to take the tests for the bacterial analysis of vaginal discharge. If you suspect an STI, an additional diagnosis, in particular PCR.
If the diagnosis confirmed the suspicion of vaginal dysbiosis, it is necessary to determine the course of treatment. Traditional methods include primarily drug therapy. This treatment consists of three areas.
- The active suppression of activity of pathogenic microorganisms.
- Colonization of the vagina with healthy bacteria.
- Activation and balancing of the immune forces of the body.
In order to fix the problem at the local level using special vaginal suppositories and ointments. Also as an effective way to cope with copious secretions and microbes have proven to douching with a weak solution of boric acid and lactic acid. Strong antibiotics are General steps used in a pinch.
In addition, vaginal dysbiosis suggests medications aimed at the restoration of beneficial microflora. To do this, the biologics are prescribed local action.
The third stage of treatment – strengthening the immune system. It is recommended to take vitamin complexes, Immunostimulants, biologically active additives. In addition, you need to take care of the alignment of a hormonal background.
Bacterial vaginosis can be treated by different approaches of physiotherapy. Specific course procedures and prescription drugs – the task of the physician-gynecologist. Independently to make such decisions is unacceptable!
If vaginal dysbiosis has just started its development, a woman’s body is trying to cope with it. In this case, it is not necessary to stuff yourself with medications. You can help the immune system to overcome disease. For this purpose, various methods of traditional medicine. How to treat dysbiosis of the vagina through non-traditional means?
This is usually applied various decoctions and ointments. The mainstay of treatment – local antiseptic actions. To flush out pathogenic bacteria use douching with such concoctions:
- fruit cherry;
- flowers Potentilla anserina;
- oak bark, etc.;
- you can also use a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
It is also useful to the baths with alkaline components, for example, iodine and soda. Also a good option – bathtub with propolis, bark oak, floral honey. For local effects on the vaginal environment used tampons, soaked with olive, or flax, sea buckthorn oil, aloe juice, propolis.
The best way to treat dysbiosis in immune-boosting direction. For this it is necessary first of all to establish your diet. Make your daily menu more vitamins: fruits, vegetables, compotes and fruit drinks. In winter it is useful to eat fruits, as they contain lots of useful minerals.
Treatment of folk remedies is a good help for the traditional course. As the main therapy, it can also be used, however, it is better to be supervised at the gynecologist, so as not to miss the moment when you will need more aggressive measures.
Goiter during pregnancy
Vaginal dysbiosis, often develops in women in an interesting position. This is due primarily to the hormonal changes pregnant. This disease manifests itself in the form of a turbid viscous secretions with an unpleasant odor, accompanied by itching and redness of the vaginal mucosa.
The danger lies in the fact that with the rapid growth of microbes inflammation, which can directly affect the fetus. It is fraught with the transfer of inflammation to the child, impaired development of the fetus, the occurrence of congenital disorders and even frozen pregnancy and miscarriage.
It is worth considering that the method of treatment of dysbacteriosis in pregnant women is different. Most used in normal cases, medications have strong specific action. Any antibiotics are not recommended for use during pregnancy and lactation. Therefore, therapy aimed at local elimination of the symptoms in a more gentle manner.
This is carried out rehabilitation of the vagina, are used in folk ways of cleansing the environment from pathogens, antibacterial spark local action. The introduction of the active course is possible only after termination of feeding the breast.
To dysbiosis vagina is not made your life miserable, avoid its progression. For this regularly visit the gynecologist, without waiting for the first sign of illness, and take preventive measures. If problems could not be avoided, follow the assigned course of treatment for a speedy recovery.
So as not to suffer the treatment that can become a regular necessity in the form of chronic bacterial vaginosis, should monitor their health. In order to prevent dysbiosis, you must follow these preventive measures:
- to observe the rules of personal hygiene;
- regularly change tampons and pads;
- wearing underwear made from natural breathable materials;
- to use condoms;
- to establish a proper diet;
- try not to take antibiotics without a strong need for it.
Also, after the course of treatment, you should regularly visit a gynecologist during the year at intervals of two to three months. This allows the evaluation of the final result and prevent relapse.