Antivirals for colds, cost-effective means
Every day the body of an average person (who goes to work, to shop, to the cinema or theaters and other public places) have to deal with thousands of viruses that can cause acute respiratory disease. In our days there are about 300 agents of the common cold, they account for 70% of all infectious diseases. According to the who annually to share SARS accounted for over 4 million deaths.
How to fight the disease
Viruses that cause colds enter the body through the upper respiratory tract, but not every encounter with them causes disease and requires the use of antiviral drugs for a cold or antibiotics. Once in the body, the virus first collides with the protective forces of the body. They are not specific (mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, through which they have to pass through) and specific (immune system).
If the body is strong, disease may not develop or pass were obliterated. But sometimes the virus shows all its power, then requires the use of antivirals, or even anti-inflammatory and antibiotics (if the development of bacterial complications or exacerbation of chronic diseases).
This files most often for colds use of symptomatic therapy: antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, antitussive, etc. Most justified antiviral drugs for a cold, but giving away your choice of topics or other means, follow the principle of «do no harm».
Complexity in the selection of medication
Almost all allowed to have drugs, not enough research proving their effectiveness and safety for the body. Research is very expensive and often conducted by the manufacturers themselves, i.e., interested in positive results.
Many drugs on the market are outright duds. By the way, in Ukraine patients ‘ rights advocates argue that at least 4 funds have not identified the active substance.
Many antiviral medications for colds apply no more than 10-40 years, and such little time to explore the delayed effect on the body.
For colds effectiveness of antiviral drugs is highest at the beginning of their use from the first days of the disease. Antibiotics, unlike viral, SARS is not effective, because their effects on virus does not spread.
Antiviral drugs reduce the duration of illness is 2-3 days may reduce the risk of complications, facilitate the flow of cold and can significantly help healthy family members as a means of prevention.
One of the main mistakes of doctors at purpose of for the treatment of colds antipyretics, followed by Immunostimulants. That is, first artificially suppress immunity, offering the body to stop fighting the virus and then try to artificially stimulate.
Antipyretics should be administered only once and only when the temperature is above 38.5 C, not 4 times a day just in case. By the way, the least side effect of paracetamol, and for the price it relates to cheap.
The second mistake doctors – prescription of antibiotics from the first day of the disease, they are addictive to antibacterial medications are not contributing to the speedy recovery of the patient.
Type of virus that caused the disease is not easily determined and quickly is almost impossible, so the drugs of wide spectrum of action is preferable.
Antiviral drugs are divided into:
- vaccine (contribute to the development of antibodies to the collision with the pathogen);
- Immunostimulants (drugs, stimulating the production of interferonov than a short-term increase the immune power of the body);
- antiviral drugs (act directly on the virus, inhibiting its reproduction).
The tools most frequently used in the treatment of colds:
|The name of the group||The operation and administration||Side effects and contraindications|
|Arbidol is an antiviral agent||It suppresses the reproduction of influenza virus A and b, SARS. 1 tab 3 times a day. Can be used in complex therapy together with antibiotics.||Allergic reactions: Quincke’s edema, eczema, epigastric pain. Children under 3 years, pregnant.|
|Anaferon -immunostimulant||Activates antiviral immunity. First 2 hours 1 tablet every 30 minutes, then 1 tablet 3 times a day. In complex therapy with antibiotics, 1 tablet a day.||Diarrhoeal phenomenon. Individual nevernosti, pregnancy, lactation|
|Rimantadine — antiviral agent||It suppresses the reproduction of influenza viruses A and tick-borne encephalitis. Individually in each case.||Allergic reactions, epigastric pain, flatulence, headache, dizziness, drowsiness. Acute diseases of liver, kidneys, thyrotoxicosis, age to 7 years, pregnancy.|
|Tamiflu — antiviral agent||It suppresses the reproduction of influenza A virus and tick-borne encephalitis. 75 mg 2 times a day for 5 days.||Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, dizziness, headache, nasal congestion, cough, weakness. Renal failure, hepatic failure.|
|Groprinosin — immunostimulant||Activates antiviral immunity. Adults: 6-8 tablets per day in 3-4 divided doses; children: 50 mg/kg/day in 3-4 reception.||Headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, epigastric pain, pruritus, rash. Gout, arrhythmia, chronic renal failure, age under 3 years, pregnancy.|
|Genferon ® — immuno-modulating drug||Activates antiviral immunity. 1 suppository (500 thousand or 1 million IU), 2 times a day for 5 days.Can be used in complex therapy with antibiotics and anti-inflammatory.||Rash, itching, headache, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, sweating, fatigue, myalgia. Hypersensitivity to the components.|
|Kagocel -immunostimulant||Activates antiviral immunity. Adults: first 2 days: 2 tablets 3 times a day, next 2 days 1 tablet 3 times a day. Children: the first 2 days and 1 tablet 3 times a day, next 2 days 1 tablet 2 times a day.||Allergic reactions. Pregnancy, lactation, age under 3 years, lactase deficiency, lactose intolerance, hypersensitivity to the components.|
|Viferon — stimulator immunosystem||Activates antiviral immunity.Newborns: 1 candle (150 thousand IU) 2 times a day for 5 days.Children over 7 and adults.: 1 candle (500 thousand IU) 2 times a day for 5 days.Can be used in complex therapy with antibiotics and anti-inflammatory.||Rarely allergic reactions.Hypersensitivity to the drug.|
When choosing a drug should take into account that viruses may not be sensitive to some drugs from the group of antiviral, treatment will be ineffective, join complications, and have to resort to the use of antibiotics.
Also should be guided by clinical trials and select drugs most trusted.
Last but not least, you should pay attention to the price. Sometimes even the most inexpensive medications are very effective.