What medication Ibuprofen: application instructions and analogues
From the group of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs Ibuprofen is considered one of the most popular. The medicine can be used not only as an antipyretic but also analgesic.
Composition, properties and form of the drug
Ibuprofen belongs to the propionic acid derivative. The drug has anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic effect. Analgesic effect is pronounced when pain on the background of inflammatory process.
The active substance is ibuprofen. In addition, the composition of the drug include: cornstarch, magnesium carbonate, povidone, magnesium stearate, Aerosil, vanilla, gelatin for pharmaceutical purposes, titanium dioxide, sucrose.
The absorption of the active substance occurs in the gastrointestinal tract. A large concentration is observed in the joints, than in plasma. This is due to the fact that the substance is slowly spreading on the joints, but retained in the tissues. The drug is excreted through the kidneys within 24 hours.
After taking the drug, the therapeutic effect occurs within 30 minutes and lasts for about 8 hours.
Implemented the drug in various dosage forms: lozenges, syrup, suppositories rectal, pellets, and drops. For external use Ibuprofen available in a cream and gel 5%.
Syrup Ibuprofen is usually prescribed to children, as this form makes it easier to give the child to drink the medicine. In addition, the suspension has strawberry and orange flavor and in a box also includes a measuring spoon. Tablets can not only ingest, but also to dissolve in water, dissolve.
Indications for use
Children Ibuprofen is prescribed for fever on the background of viral respiratory infection, and influenza. The drug can be used for oral or rectal application. After vaccination, many children increases the temperature, so the use of medicines is also necessary to prevent.
To reduce pain with headache and toothache, migraine, pain in ears and under tension can also be used Ibuprofen.
For adults Ibuprofen is indicated for inflammatory diseases:
- Rheumatoid arthritis.
- Psoriatic arthritis.
- Bechterew’s Disease.
- Cervical migraine.
Drug taking in any pain syndrome, including postoperative.
As an aid, Ibuprofen used in the treatment of infectious-inflammatory pathologies of upper respiratory tract, bronchitis, pneumonia, adnexitis, cellulitis, inflammatory processes in the pelvis.
Dosage and rules of use
Adult Ibuprofen can be taken to children 12 years of age. For children 6 months available children’s medication with the dosage corresponding to this age. It is important to observe the dosage appointed by the doctor to avoid possible side reactions.
For adults the daily dose is divided into several stages, and in the day it does not exceed 1200 mg a day should drink no more than 6 tablets. The interval between drug intake should be at least 4 hours. When too much pain you can drink 2 tablets.
Ibuprofen in tablets taken 3-4 times a day one tablet. First pill recommended to drink on an empty stomach, then after eating. This scheme increases the efficiency of the drug and helps to prevent unwanted side reactions. Children over 12 years the dosage is calculated from the body mass of 1 kg 20-40 mg per day.
Between each drug must be at least 6 hours.
The taking Ibuprofen for pain syndrome should not exceed 5 days, and during fever – 3 days. If symptoms persist, you should consult a doctor.
Dose of Ibuprofen as antipyretic for children is calculated based on the degree of temperature increase:
- At a temperature of 38-39 degrees dose is 5 mg/kg.
- If the temperature is above 39 degrees, a dosage increase to 10 mg/kg per day.
A medicament in the form of an ointment or gel is topically applied for 2-3 weeks. In the affected area the tool is rubbed 3-4 times a day. It should be noted that Ibuprofen is not compatible with certain medications, so it is best to use only after the doctor appointment.
Contraindications and side effects
Drug Ibuprofen cannot be taken in the following cases:
It is forbidden to use the drug to children under 6 years. For this age we recommend the use of children’s Ibuprofen. With caution the drug should take people suffering from hypertension, ischemia, peptic ulcer, gastritis, colitis, as well as in heart failure, nephrotic syndrome.
If it is correct to take Ibuprofen, do not exceed dosage, adverse reactions not observed. If the wrong medication possible side effects from the blood reduction of appetite, diarrhea, heartburn, nausea, etc., May cause shortness of breath, bronchospasm, increased blood pressure, dizziness, and headache.
Read more about what is nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can be found in video:
Children can experience allergic reactions such as skin rashes, itching, allergic rhinitis. In rare cases, it develops anaphylactic shock.
In case of overdose there are symptoms. as: nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, headache, decreased blood pressure, tachycardia, bradycardia, etc. In this case, you must wash the stomach, drink activated charcoal and drink plenty of alkaline water. If necessary, symptomatic therapy.
Use in pregnancy
During pregnancy the intake of most drugs is strictly prohibited due to the negative impact on the fetus. Allowed to take ibuprofen during pregnancy, if it proceeds normally.
In early pregnancy the use of Ibuprofen as antipyretic in the increased tone can lead to miscarriage.
The use of the drug for pain in the lower part is strictly prohibited. In this case, you should call the ambulance.
The use of the drug should be only after the doctor appointment. In term 3 you can’t take Ibuprofen as active substance influences early maturation of the placenta, it can cause oxygen starvation and premature birth.
Dosage for women is 0.4 mg per day, and strictly after meals.
Often joint pain in pregnancy are associated with a lack of vitamins and increased stress. To eliminate this unpleasant symptom is recommended without the use of drugs, and with the help of exercises, massage, vitamins, etc.
In the period of breastfeeding, the drug is allowed, but in a minimal dosage. In any case, you should consult with your doctor.
Analogues Of Ibuprofen
Ibuprofen and similar drugs on the active substance are characterized by high efficiency, high therapeutic effect, low sensitivity to the components in its composition. Thanks to these qualities, the drug is gaining popularity.
Domestic analogues of Ibuprofen are low cost and most common drugs in this group: Nekst, Ibuprofen for children.
Imported analogues of Ibuprofen are the following medications:
These drugs have the same anti-inflammatory effect as Ibuprofen, but have a high cost.