Nasal spray Nasonex: properties, application rules and best analogues
Intranasal sprays are a reliable helper in the cold seasons when the climate provokes inflammatory and infectious diseases. Some drugs cope with nasal congestion, and others help to reduce inflammation. Nasal spray Nasonex suitable for the relief of symptoms of many diseases that trigger a runny nose.
The composition and properties of the drug
Spray Nasonex for topical application are effective glucocorticoid drug that has anti-inflammatory and antiallergic activity. The active ingredient of the drug blocks the action of chemicals the body that cause inflammation.
Convenient nasal method of administration allows to quickly arrest the symptoms of infectious, inflammatory and allergic diseases. Effectively cope with a chronic runny nose.
The composition of the drug:
- Mometasone furoate, the active component, a powerful corticosteroid drug.
- Water, cellulose, benzalkonium, citric acid and glycerol as auxiliary components.
Mometasone furoate acts directly on the area of the inflammatory response, causing the following effects:
In addition to the typical glucocorticoid properties, the drug is a very potent agonist of the progesterone receptor and partial agonist of the mineralocorticoid receptor. These data indicate a more effective anti-inflammatory effect.
Mometasone, like other corticosteroids, is not only antiinflammatory, but also a vasoconstrictor effect. Effect on vascular tone is also important to reduce symptoms of the common cold. In case of allergic reactions, corticosteroids act on the immune cell membranes, is responsible for the secretion of histamine. The drug circulates freely in the blood and binds to cytoplasmic receptors of the desired cells, resulting in secretion of anti-inflammatory proteins. Mometasone also blocks the action of the enzyme cytochrome P450 which in addition to other properties involved in the inflammatory process.
The inflammation is eliminated with a reduction in the release of hydrolyzed acids of leukocytes, preventing accumulation of macrophages in the affected tissues and blocking the attachment of leukocytes to the walls of the capillaries.
A complex effect on blood vessels and tissues and helps to reduce swelling.
Thus, mometasone has multiple impact zones. This drug effectively treats runny nose, regardless of its causes.
Form of issue, expiry date and specific storage
Nasonex available in the form of suspension. One dose is equivalent to 50 micrograms of components. One package is designed for 60 or 120 doses. In addition to the bottle, the package contains a dosing device.
The packaging should be kept out of the reach of children. Temperature of storage from 5 to 25 degrees Celsius. You must use the medicine within 2 years after production. When storing it is prohibited to subject the bottle to the action of low temperatures. Medication is dispensed by prescription.
When prescribed a drug?
Nasonex spray designed for the relief of seasonal and year-round rhinitis symptoms associated with allergic and inflammatory reactions.
Indications for use:
- Acute and chronic allergic rhinitis.
- The polyps (tumor masses) in the nose and respiratory failure on a background of their occurrence.
- Acute and chronic non-allergic rhinitis.
- Acute and chronic sinusitis.
Depending on the disease the drug can be given to children older than two years. In the treatment of nasal polyps Nasonex is indicated only for adult patients.
How to use drops?
Before using nose drops Nasonex, you must read the user manual which can be found in the package tools. This medication, like other corticosteroids, is assigned by the prescription. Self-assignment is not recommended.
The dosage indicated in the instructions of drugs. If the physician indicated a specific regimen and dosage must take the recommendation. Usually drops are used once daily for the treatment of rhinitis and twice a day for the treatment of polyps. Enter drops, we are careful to ensure that the tool does not hit in the eye area or the mouth. Before administration, you also need to shake the bottle.
More information about allergic rhinitis you can see from the video:
To use the spray, remove the protective cap. You then put your head back, close one nostril with your fingers and gently put the drops in the free nostril. Then also enter the tool into the other nostril. Do not apply drops on the nasal septum. After the introduction, it is necessary to breathe through the nose and do not blow your nose for 15 minutes.
Nasonex must be used regularly and in accordance with the scheme of treatment.
The use of the spray not only prevents the common cold, but also has a prophylactic effect. It should not be used too often, because of possible overdose of the active ingredient. Children must not use the drug.
The therapeutic effect develops within two days of using the drug. Achieve the full effect of treatment may take 2 weeks. Based on these properties of the drug, Nasonex should begin to use it for 2-4 weeks before Allergy season. If the drug is not felt or develop side effects, you must consult a doctor.
Contraindications to the use of
Nasonex spray should not be used in the following cases:
Possible side effects
On the background of the use of Nasonex spray may develop the following side effects:
- Signs of an allergic reaction: rash, hives, itching, redness of skin, swelling of the face and neck, wheezing, and respiratory failure.
- Signs of high sugar concentration in the blood (hyperglycemia): disturbance of consciousness, drowsiness, increased thirst, hunger, frequent urination and other symptoms.
- Skin irritation, acne.
- An increase in intraocular pressure.
Note that these side effects do not develop in all people. The frequency of occurrence of severe side effects is quite low. When identifying an allergic reaction or symptoms of hyperglycemia, you must stop using the drops and consult a doctor.
How can I replace it?
The drug there are analogs that also possess anti-inflammatory, antiallergic and vasoconstrictor effects. Reliable analogs also contain corticosteroids as active ingredients.
The best analogues:
- Desinit spray. The drug also contains mometasone as active component.
- Noseprint spray – full analogue also containing 50 µg mometasone dose.
- To lower blood pressure mother – close to the action and cheaper counterpart Nasonex.
Before you use any similar drug should also contact a doctor. Substitutes Nasonex that contains another active component, may have other indications for use.
Thus, the nasal spray Nasonex is an effective treatment of diseases that cause chronic rhinitis.