Ambroxol hydrochloride: application instruction for children and adults
Respiratory infections, colds, bronchitis often accompanied by a cough with the subsequent separation of viscous sputum. For liquefaction and excretion use of mucolytic drugs. Ambroxol is a medicine with the same effect.
The composition and properties of the drug
Ambroxol hydrochloride belongs to a group of benzylamino and is a synthetic mucolytic agent. The drug has a secretolytic and a stimulating effect on the cells of the bronchial mucosa. As a result of increased secretion of mucus discharge.
Motor activity of ciliated epithelium, increases, which allows for easy separation of sputum. Because of this restores the drainage function of the bronchi and bronchioles. Drug Ambroxol has a weak antitussive effect, it has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.
The drug increases the production of interferon and increases children’s immunity. Mucolytic agent increases the concentration of penicillins, cephalosporins, macrolides. Mucolytic active substance — Ambroxol hydrochloride. The drug also include excipients such as lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, cellulose, starch, etc.
Oral use is quickly absorbed, and the therapeutic effect observed after half an hour. The active substance is distributed in all organs and tissues, but a large concentration is observed in the lungs. From the body excreted by the kidneys.
Implemented in pharmacies in different forms: syrup, tablets, solution for injection and ingestion.
Pills is prescribed only to older children. Kids usually prescribe medication in the form of syrup. The content of active substance in one tablet is 30 mg Tablets are round, white with a chamfer. Ambroxol syrup with a raspberry odour and the concentration of active substance in 5 ml is 15 mg.
Keep the preparation you need in the package with instructions. This will allow for the need to re-read the leaflet to clarify the dosage of medication. In the room where is stored Ambroxol, the temperature should be within 25 degrees. The lifespan of a bottle of syrup after opening not more than 30 days. All medicines are kept where children cannot find them. To keep Ambroxol is possible within 4 years. After a specified period of time to take the drug is prohibited.
What is prescribed
Mucolytic Ambroxol is used in acute and chronic inflammatory respiratory diseases. Dissolve is prescribed for:
- Inflammation of the larynx
- Inflammation of the pharynx
- Bronchial asthma
- Cystic fibrosis
For all these diseases characterized by the pathological Department of the viscous secretion, therefore, the use of Ambroxol in this case it is justified.
In addition, the drug can be used prophylactically and in the treatment of complications after surgery on the lungs. Also the indication for use is to conduct bronchoscopy.
Rules of application and dosage
For the treatment of pathologies of the respiratory tract, accompanied by separation of the pathological secretion of mucolytic tool used only 2 years.
- The dosage for children 2-5 years is 1/4 of the pill or 3 times a day. Instead of pills the children are comfortable to give medication in the form of syrup 7.5 mg.
- Children over 5 years: 1/2 tablet. When using syrup dosage is 15 mg. Consumed be at least three times a day.
- Dose for children 12 years and older is assigned according to a certain pattern: the first 2-3 days take 1 tablet 3 times a day, and the next 2 days on a tablet 2 times a day.
- In the same way treatment in adults. The drug is washed down with water.
A solution of Ambroxol is recommended for conducting inhalation. It is diluted in equal amounts with solution of Sodium Chloride. The doctor will prescribe the dosage based on the age of the patient and his condition. To take the drug more than 4-5 days is not recommended.
If you are using Ambroxol simultaneously with antitussive agents are not recommended, as this may cause a violation othozdenia patients.
Diseases of the respiratory tract in pregnant women are not uncommon, especially in autumn and winter. Women in the position of most of the drugs are forbidden to use. Ambroxol must only be used from the second trimester and under the strict supervision of a physician.
It is strictly forbidden to use this drug in the first trimester. The active ingredient can permeate through the placenta, but in animal studies have not identified a negative impact on the development of a fetus. Despite this caution in the use of the drug must be observed.
Read more about the drug Ambroxol, you can see from the video:
The proven ability of the active ingredient to penetrate into the mother’s breast milk — so apply during the period of breastfeeding is prohibited. However, if you change to another drug is impossible, it is necessary to undergo the course of treatment, but to suspend the feeding. At the time of treatment necessary to Express milk. After the course of treatment and recovery lactation continue.
Contraindications and adverse reactions
Ambroxol hydrochloride is used for treatment of hypersensitivity to individual components, for 12 weeks of pregnancy, and while breastfeeding. Other contraindications: gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcers, phenylketonuria.
Patients diagnosed with renal or hepatic insufficiency Ambroxol prescribed with caution. In this case, you will need to consult a doctor.
It is prohibited to use mukolitiki patients with sucrase deficiency, fructose intolerance.
Prolonged and uncontrolled use of drugs may cause side reactions as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, epigastric pain. Also may be a weakness, runny nose, headache. If the background impurity of the drug appeared these symptoms, you should stop taking Ambroxol and conduct symptomatic treatment.
Analogues of the drug
If for any reason the use of Ambroxol is not possible, then you can use the analogs of this drug.
Of the analogues at the active substance is isolated:
It is mucolytic drugs with expectorant action. Differ from each other by the manufacturer.
There is a group of medicines that have different active substance, but similar to Amboroxol mechanism of action:
- Fluimucil etc.
These drugs can be administered in the case if you have individual intolerance to the active substance — Ambroxol hydrochloride. To assign a different drug should only doctor. To engage in self-treatment is strictly prohibited.