Thrush in mouth in infants: how to treat it in children and newborns
Causes of thrush in mouth in infants: symptoms and treatment
What is a yeast infection, I know many experienced parents. Usually suspect this disease can be whitish coating on the tongue of the child and his rejection of the breast. Thrush in children’s mouth often appears in the first year of life, due to the imperfection of their immune system improper care of the baby. The symptoms and treatment of this disease we will discuss in our article.
- About the disease
- The causes of disease
- Distinctive features of acute and chronic forms
- Varieties of ailment
About the disease
Thrush or candidiasis is a disease of an inflammatory nature, which disease-causing fungi of the genus Candida. Often increased proliferation of this infection occurs in the mouth in children, but it is possible and candidiasis of the genitals. Very rarely occurs in children severe form of the disease, which affects internal organs.
Fungi of the genus Candida belong to the category of conditionally pathogenic microflora, as small numbers are found in mucous membranes and in physiological fluids of a healthy person. Increased proliferation of fungi occurs when a weakened immunity under the influence of some factors.
Should know! The Candida fungi love an acidic environment, so the oral cavity of the child is being breastfed is their appropriate place in case of change of acidity.
The causes of disease
Thrush in the mouth of a child can appear under the influence of different factors and diseases. All of them can be classified depending on the age of the baby. So, thrush in newborns mouth can appear for the following reasons:
Important! According to statistics, are more prone to yeast infection premature infants and newborns.
Thrush in mouth of infants you may receive is influenced by the following factors:
The first symptoms of the disease, the infant can appear on day 5 after birth or within two weeks. At first, you can watch the changing of the child’s behavior, which is expressed in:
- rejection of breast or bottle immediately after nursing;
- the child worsens sleep;
- he cries a lot and becomes restless;
- the child often spits up;
- there is a loss in weight.
However, to distinguish a thrush in the mouth in a newborn is easy in characteristic features during the inspection of the mucosa. The manifestations of the disease may differ slightly depending on the form and stage of.
So, there are the following stages of the disease:
To understand how does a yeast infection in an infant, it is necessary to study not only the mucous membranes in the mouth, but also to pay attention to the skin around the anus. The fact is that the fungal infection enters the mouth and in the intestines, so diaper rash can be around the anus. In addition, there is a rash on the Pope and the symptoms of nappy rash. A vesicular rash may coalesce and form erosion in the perineum, groin and lower abdomen.
Distinctive features of acute and chronic forms
Most often in infants diagnosed with an acute form of the disease. A chronic course the disease takes when there are other related diseases that contribute to decreased immunity. So to cure yeast infection in the chronic form, is harder than to deal with acute illness.
For the acute process, characterized by:
- dryness of the mucous;
- the formation of a characteristic plaque;
- plaque can be easily removed;
- with the development of the disease the area of the plaque increases;
- there is a burning sensation and pain when eating.
Chronic form is characterized by the following:
- mouth formed brownish and yellowish plaques;
- these plaques protrude above the surface of unaffected mucosa of cheeks, palate, gums and tongue;
- plots with a touch of tightly connected epithelial;
- when removing plaque bleeding erosion formed;
- is characterized by pain and swelling of the mucosa.
Varieties of ailment
How to treat thrush in the mouth, depends largely on the form of the disease. There can be several:
- candidiasis of the lips or fungal cheilitis;
- zaedy or vulvovaginal lesions near the corners of the mouth;
- infectious fungal glossitis is a lesion of the pharynx;
- oral lesions called candidal stomatitis.
Fungal infection of the genital organs is very rare in children under one year. Typically, this form is diagnosed in adolescence. Moreover, girls more often than boys. The nature of the disease all forms of fungal infectious lesions are divided into chronic and acute.
Before you treat thrush in the mouth, it is necessary to provide optimal temperature and humidity conditions in the room where the child is and also to adjust his diet. Sometimes even these simple measures may be enough to keep the boy recovered.
Tip! More walk with your child outdoors, often ventilate the room and moisten the air. Do not let baby drink a lot of sugary drinks, especially at night.
Treatment with medication is the appointment with special doctor tools for local use. For neonates using the following methods:
Treatment of infants may be performed in the same manner as in newborns. With six months you can apply a special anti-fungal medications:
For the prevention of disease are encouraged to increase the baby’s immunity. In this regard, a very useful breastfeeding. It is necessary to monitor the cleanliness of toys and baby items, household items and hygiene. A nursing mother needs to wash your hands frequently and handle nipples soda solution after each feeding. It is important to maintain the purity of the hands and mouth of the newborn. After each feeding the baby it is helpful to drink some water to wash away food residues and to improve the balance in your mouth.