Thrush in mouth in infants: how to treat it in children and newborns

Causes of thrush in mouth in infants: symptoms and treatment

What is a yeast infection, I know many experienced parents. Usually suspect this disease can be whitish coating on the tongue of the child and his rejection of the breast. Thrush in children’s mouth often appears in the first year of life, due to the imperfection of their immune system improper care of the baby. The symptoms and treatment of this disease we will discuss in our article.

  • About the disease
  • The causes of disease
  • Symptoms
  • Distinctive features of acute and chronic forms
  • Varieties of ailment
  • Treatment

About the disease

Thrush or candidiasis is a disease of an inflammatory nature, which disease-causing fungi of the genus Candida. Often increased proliferation of this infection occurs in the mouth in children, but it is possible and candidiasis of the genitals. Very rarely occurs in children severe form of the disease, which affects internal organs.

Fungi of the genus Candida belong to the category of conditionally pathogenic microflora, as small numbers are found in mucous membranes and in physiological fluids of a healthy person. Increased proliferation of fungi occurs when a weakened immunity under the influence of some factors.

Should know! The Candida fungi love an acidic environment, so the oral cavity of the child is being breastfed is their appropriate place in case of change of acidity.

The causes of disease

Thrush in the mouth of a child can appear under the influence of different factors and diseases. All of them can be classified depending on the age of the baby. So, thrush in newborns mouth can appear for the following reasons:

  • If my mom has this disease the Candida fungi can get to the child while passing the birth canal or during breastfeeding. In addition, the direct sources of infection could be other family members who have Candida or are carriers of the fungi.
  • Often candidiasis in neonates can occur due to excessive drying of the oral mucosa and weakening of local immunity, as well as changes in properties of saliva. This usually happens if the child is in a very hot and dry place.
  • Iskusstvenniy thrush can occur if the bottles and nipples poorly washed and sterilized.
  • The cause of the disease the baby can become frequent regurgitation.
  • Baby girls candidiasis may be a sign of systemic diseases and infections in the perinatal period.
  • Important! According to statistics, are more prone to yeast infection premature infants and newborns.

    Thrush in mouth of infants you may receive is influenced by the following factors:

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  • Candidiasis oral cavity of babies under one year is usually the consequence of poor washing and sterilizing baby utensils, bottles and teats, as well as the lack of hygiene of the oral cavity.
  • Thrush in a child mouth can occur if the baby will be infected through direct contact with a sick child. Usually infection occurs through the common toys which children often put in the mouth, or shared utensils.
  • Often, the disease can manifest itself against the background of reduced immunity.
  • Prolonged antibiotic therapy is also able to trigger fungal infection.
  • Increased proliferation of fungi may begin against pneumonia, bronchitis, problems with the gastrointestinal tract, chronic tonsillitis, diabetes and other diseases.
  • Such dental problems like gingivitis and tooth decay, can also cause disease.
  • In infants the signs of illness can appear after injury of the mucosa of the mouth.
  • It is equally important that the baby eats. So, thrush in infants often happens after the introduction of complementary foods, if the child is given a lot of sugary foods and drinks.
  • Symptoms

    The first symptoms of the disease, the infant can appear on day 5 after birth or within two weeks. At first, you can watch the changing of the child’s behavior, which is expressed in:

    • rejection of breast or bottle immediately after nursing;
    • the child worsens sleep;
    • he cries a lot and becomes restless;
    • the child often spits up;
    • there is a loss in weight.

    However, to distinguish a thrush in the mouth in a newborn is easy in characteristic features during the inspection of the mucosa. The manifestations of the disease may differ slightly depending on the form and stage of.

    So, there are the following stages of the disease:

  • Easy stage. First on the oral mucosa and tongue, there are small reddish spots, which a few days covered with a whitish cheesy plaques. If they are removed, it opens the congested mucosa. Mild disease does not cause the child anxiety.
  • The average degree of damage of the mucous membranes characterized by the formation of abundant white cheesy plaque that is formed by expansion and merging plaques. If this plaque is removed, it is underneath exposed areas with bleeding erosions. This stage of the disease causes the baby pain while eating, so he will abandon it.
  • For severe stage is characterized by the spread of infection to the inner surface of the cheeks, palate, gums and tonsils. In the end, throat, mouth and lips covered with a whitish film. With such a severe form of the disease in children may increase temperature, increase of regional lymph nodes, there are problems with the gastrointestinal tract, lethargy and anxiety.
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    To understand how does a yeast infection in an infant, it is necessary to study not only the mucous membranes in the mouth, but also to pay attention to the skin around the anus. The fact is that the fungal infection enters the mouth and in the intestines, so diaper rash can be around the anus. In addition, there is a rash on the Pope and the symptoms of nappy rash. A vesicular rash may coalesce and form erosion in the perineum, groin and lower abdomen.

    Distinctive features of acute and chronic forms

    Most often in infants diagnosed with an acute form of the disease. A chronic course the disease takes when there are other related diseases that contribute to decreased immunity. So to cure yeast infection in the chronic form, is harder than to deal with acute illness.

    For the acute process, characterized by:

    • dryness of the mucous;
    • the formation of a characteristic plaque;
    • plaque can be easily removed;
    • with the development of the disease the area of the plaque increases;
    • there is a burning sensation and pain when eating.

    Chronic form is characterized by the following:

    • mouth formed brownish and yellowish plaques;
    • these plaques protrude above the surface of unaffected mucosa of cheeks, palate, gums and tongue;
    • plots with a touch of tightly connected epithelial;
    • when removing plaque bleeding erosion formed;
    • is characterized by pain and swelling of the mucosa.

    Varieties of ailment

    How to treat thrush in the mouth, depends largely on the form of the disease. There can be several:

    • candidiasis of the lips or fungal cheilitis;
    • zaedy or vulvovaginal lesions near the corners of the mouth;
    • infectious fungal glossitis is a lesion of the pharynx;
    • oral lesions called candidal stomatitis.

    Fungal infection of the genital organs is very rare in children under one year. Typically, this form is diagnosed in adolescence. Moreover, girls more often than boys. The nature of the disease all forms of fungal infectious lesions are divided into chronic and acute.

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    Before you treat thrush in the mouth, it is necessary to provide optimal temperature and humidity conditions in the room where the child is and also to adjust his diet. Sometimes even these simple measures may be enough to keep the boy recovered.

    Tip! More walk with your child outdoors, often ventilate the room and moisten the air. Do not let baby drink a lot of sugary drinks, especially at night.

    Treatment with medication is the appointment with special doctor tools for local use. For neonates using the following methods:

  • If the cause of the disease in frequent regurgitation, you need to adjust the technique of applying.
  • Local use the soda treatment. To do this, prepare a solution of soda at the rate of 1 tsp per 0.25 l of water. With gauze tampon solution lubricate the mucous membranes of the mouth. This treatment was repeated every two hours.
  • Also doctor may recommend treating the oral cavity of the child one percent solution of hydrogen peroxide or a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
  • After this treatment, the affected area is lubricated with methylene blue, or gentian violet with silver nitrate (25 percent solution).
  • Treatment of infants may be performed in the same manner as in newborns. With six months you can apply a special anti-fungal medications:

    • Nystatin;
    • Vinilin;
    • Candide;
    • Miramistin.

    For the prevention of disease are encouraged to increase the baby’s immunity. In this regard, a very useful breastfeeding. It is necessary to monitor the cleanliness of toys and baby items, household items and hygiene. A nursing mother needs to wash your hands frequently and handle nipples soda solution after each feeding. It is important to maintain the purity of the hands and mouth of the newborn. After each feeding the baby it is helpful to drink some water to wash away food residues and to improve the balance in your mouth.

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