The skin actinic keratosis: what is it and how to treat

What is keratosis of the skin and how to treat it?

What is keratosis, and dyskeratosis? It is a medical term that includes a group of different disease noninflammatory nature. All diseases from the group of keratosis is accompanied by cornification of the skin. Treatment of keratosis of the skin depends on the type of disease.

  • Types of keratosis
  • Dyskeratosis
  • Seborrheic keratosis: what is that
  • Follicular keratosis
  • Actinic keratosis
  • Palmar and plantar keratosis
  • Senile keratosis
  • Treatment of keratosis
  • General advice if the keratosis of any type

Types of keratosis

This group of diseases can be divided according to the characteristics of the location and extent of the following types:

  • localized keratinization (including keratoses on the face);
  • diffuse keratinization.

Diseases can be divided into several types, depending on the nature of the origin:

  • hereditary (congenital);
  • acquired;
  • symptomatic.

The overall picture of all diseases combined in the group of actinic keratoses, is expressed first in the peeling, gradually rolling in the cornification of the skin and seal.

To begin the right treatment, you need to find out what kind of dyskeratosis struck the patient:

  • seborrheic;
  • follicular keratosis;
  • actinic.

These types differ not etymology and external appearance, and quite sharply different from each other.


It’s a genetic disorder of keratinization processes, develops in childhood or adolescence. Presumably disease causing vitamin a deficiency and defects of intercellular substance. Symptoms of dyskeratosis: education of follicular papules, which at first do not differ in color from healthy tissue, but gradually acquire a grayish-brown hue. Without treatment small lesions coalesce into large vegetative lesions. The disease affects the skin of the face, head, elbows. In rare cases, dyskeratosis spreads to internal organs.

Seborrheic keratosis: what is that

This is the most common type of keratosis, which usually affects people over the age of 30, the risk of developing this type of keratosis increases after 40 years. In this case, the body of the patient appear small tumors. Cancers are not contagious, do not have cancer or inflammatory nature, but over time they may grow and cause discomfort.

Possible causes of the disease:

  • exposure to ultraviolet rays;
  • papilloma virus;
  • the aging process;
  • genetic predisposition.

Note. The peculiarity of the disease: the appearance of hyperpigmentaion spots with clear contours. Skin seal resembles a wart or plaque with a dark crust of dead skin.

Plaque light shade or nearly black color may appear in any area of the body. The greatest inconvenience brings keratoses of the skin as the plaque confuse women and prevent shaving for men. In addition, pressing or rubbing of education can respond to bleeding or pain. Plaque can be removed by laser in a cosmetic center or clinic. In this case, the keratitis is directed a laser beam that vaporizes and destroys compacted skin area. It is also possible to use methods of radiosurgery.

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Follicular keratosis

This species is also called the hair. In this case there is a violation of the natural process of separation of the Horny layer of the skin. In addition, in the upper layer of the skin, accelerating the process of keratinization, and skin particles can not time to secede. In the end, the hair follicles begin to become clogged, this interferes with the process slovedonia that causes inflammation. This type of keratosis can pull the trigger the occurrence of another disease – folliculitis.

As a result, the skin appears grayish or red dots or nodules of small size, more like a permanent «goosebumps.» Presumably the disease is hereditary, but can worsen follicular keratosis can cause:

  • stay in the cold;
  • a deficiency of vitamins D, A, C;
  • stress and nervous strain;
  • wearing tight clothes or synthetic fabrics;
  • the use of oral contraceptives;
  • the use of hormones.

How to get rid of this problem? To compete with follicular keratosis help cosmetic treatments: natural scrubs and use a hard sponge time to wash, which softens and removes the top skin particles. It is also advisable to massage in the affected by keratinization areas.

Actinic keratosis

This type is also referred to as solar keratosis. This disease is formed on skin areas that have previously suffered from exposure to sunlight.

The disease is often referred to as a precancerous condition, as revealed a link between this skin condition and increase the risk of cancer processes in the body. However, you need to understand that keratosis is benign in nature, therefore, requires only supervision by a doctor. In addition, for actinic keratosis is extremely difficult to predict, and there are cases when the disease goes without treatment.

The factors that increase the risks of actinic keratosis:

  • light sensitive skin;
  • the abuse of a Solarium, and sunbathing;
  • immunosuppression;
  • pigmentation disorders;
  • HIV infection;
  • frequent burns due to exposure to UV rays.

Note. To protect against this type of keratosis is desirable to give up tanning, and other prolonged contact direct sunlight with the skin. You must also use sunscreen and moisturizers and cleansing agents, as without this the skin will orehoviy much faster.

How to treat solar keratosis? In this case, the best and safest solution is to remove the affected area of the skin. The surgery can be done with a laser, cryotherapy, chemical Palanga. The method of removal needs to choose the patient, but only after consultation with a specialist. In some cases, patients want to refuse surgical intervention, in this situation, applied conservative treatment using ointments.

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As a rule, appointed himioterpevticeski remedies – creams and ointments with fluorouracil. These drugs destroy the affected skin cells. Initial disease became a valid use of the cream «Imiquimod» stimulating protective functions of the skin. In the course of conservative treatment of Horny skin softens and rejected by the body.

Palmar and plantar keratosis

The disease can manifest itself in different ways: heel cracks, blisters, tumors. In addition, the skin is prone to rapid keratinization.

The causes of this disease:

  • flu;
  • infectious disease;
  • tuberculosis;
  • leprosy;
  • sexually transmitted diseases.

In most cases, to deal with keratosis on the palms and soles allows treatment of the primary disease.

However, the cause of the disease may lie in the chemical, traumatic or mechanical effects. In this case, it is necessary to abandon uncomfortable, or made of artificial materials shoes and also other dangerous factors.

How to treat the disease? Use emollient creams regularly salt or soda baths. For removing hard skin it is advisable to enroll in a pedicure salon in which it is possible to order additional services for the reconstruction and hydration of the tissues.

Senile keratosis

This type of keratosis is caused by the degeneration of skin tissues and the natural aging process. The manifestation of the disease is expressed in the cornification of the skin, appearance of warts and blemishes. Skin changes may be localized on the face, back, arms and shoulders, but mostly appears in the upper part of the body. This state is not detrimental to health and can not degenerate into a malignant tumor.

Council. To slow down the process of keratinization and changes in skin color in affected areas it helps vitamins and the use of whitening remedies on a natural basis.

Treatment of keratosis

To deal with keratosis is possible only after diagnosis and explore the overall picture of the health of the patient.

For diagnosis may be required:

  • the complete history of the disease;
  • visual inspection;
  • testing.

The intensity of therapy depends on severity of symptoms, presence of other chronic diseases.

Treatment may include a diet that includes foods with a high content of mineral substances and vitamins. This, in particular, soups and vegetable dishes, cereals, vegetable oils, seafood.

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Drug treatment often is not necessary. Usually it is limited to supplements, or vitamins A, D, C. in addition, the attending physician may deem it necessary to appoint treatment, aimed at the General strengthening of the immune system.

May require assignment of ointments, creams, sprays and other external agents. Funds are assigned based on the degree and type of disease. It is appropriate to use a moisturizer with sodium chlorite and vitamin a and sulfur-salicylic and salicylic ointment.

Note. Surgery is required when the insistence of the patient, usually noninvasive procedures: laser, cyber or radiono, cryotherapy and other gentle methods. Removal of the affected areas using a surgical scalpel is not practiced as it brings suffering to the patient.

General advice if the keratosis of any type

Despite the fact that the manifestation of different types of keratoses varies greatly, there are General rules that must be followed when illness.

In the first place to avoid exposure to the sun’s rays don’t tan, wear thin clothes with long sleeves on Sunny days. You should also use a sunscreen. From the Solarium you need to completely give up. Don’t risk face: wear caps or hats to protect from UV rays.

It is unacceptable now to scratch the affected area or to allow other mechanical damage. Articles should not contain any coarse cloth and shoes and any other items of clothing that may irritate the affected by keratosis patches of skin.

Prevention and treatment keratosis include the compulsory observance of rules of personal hygiene. In particular, the necessary daily intake of baths. To eliminate unpleasant symptoms can be used decoctions of herbs, natural gel with added essential or vegetable oils.

In addition, to ease the state can Spa and balneotherapy treatments: salt and soda baths, mud treatments, seaweed wraps. These therapeutic treatments help soften and remove dead skin tissues and reduce the risk of occurrence of new educations. But these procedures are selected individually and are held together with the main treatment.

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