The newborn rash on the face and scalp: red rash
Rashes on the face in the newborn: types and causes
Skin newborn baby is very delicate and thin, susceptible to various influences, react to external factors and the internal state of the organism. Rash on face in infants may be a manifestation of the child’s illness, and natural restructuring of the body – acne newborns. In case of pathological lesions is required to consult a pediatrician.
- The types and causes of rashes in infants
- Infectious disease in infants
- Scarlet fever
- Three-day fever or baby roseola
- Allergic skin rashes: causes and types
- Contact Allergy
- Drug allergies
- The sweating sickness
- Food Allergy
- The growth and adaptation of children’s organism
The types and causes of rashes in infants
In medical practice there are several types of rashes in children. Some species are a normal physiological process, not requiring treatment through drugs. Others are a symptom of childhood illnesses, getting rid of which leads to a leveling of the rash.
The most common types of rashes in newborns:
- Rash on my belly the baby in the form of small spots that differ in size and shape. Not rise above the surface of the skin. When stretching of the skin abnormal elements become paler;
- Papule – a kind of skin rash, characterized in that over the skin. This is the only difference from the previous species;
- Plaques are characterized by multiple papules that coalesce into large spots, protruding above the skin.
If there is a rash on the face, abdomen, neck and other parts of the body, it is a signal the body that it has failed. In fact, rashes are not a pathology but a symptom of any disease.
All lesions depending on the etiology classified into three groups:
Not having medical education, the parents will not be able to cope with the correct diagnosis, as a pathological elements have many similarities.
Worth knowing: to establish the type, form and clinical presentation need to visit a dermatologist. Diagnosis due to the nature of the rash, appearance, area of lesion, presence of additional symptoms.
Infectious disease in infants
Viral infections pose a serious threat to the health and life of the baby. When detecting pathological lesions need to visit a doctor. In most cases, communicable diseases are accompanied by characteristic symptoms.
Chickenpox is characterized by the formation of small blisters filled with fluid. After the break observed brown on the body. First, there are rashes on the face and head, after localized on the belly, groin, limbs. Sometimes affect the mucous membranes.
The temperature instantly increases to over 39 degrees. Until all bubbles are not ripe and will not break, the kid is a carrier of the disease. With adequate treatment in compliance with all recommendations of the doctor, recovery occurs within three weeks.
Scarlet fever manifests itself rash on newborn face there is a constant and severe itching, as a result the child becomes capricious and irritable, eating poorly, disturbed sleep. The incubation period is to days.
Rashes are identified on the third day of illness. In appearance resemble small red dots which later can be transformed into strips.
- A rash on the cheeks, the forehead and temples;
- The upper torso;
- The groin;
- The inner surface of the thighs.
The duration of the period of the rash varies from 3 to 7 days. To prevent the transmission to others of the baby is recommended to be isolated for 10 days. When rashes disappear, in their place remain salesasia of red spots. Eventually they go away.
The disease occurs acutely, is of a contagious nature, the infection is carried through the air and drop way. The source of infection is always an infected person.
Note, pathology at first reminiscent of colds. Manifested by lack of appetite, weakness, sleep disturbance, temperature 38-40 °C, lacrimation, conjunctivitis.
A few days later rash appears on the cheeks, then it is localized on the upper torso, abdomen, revealed in the lower extremities. The rash is bright, may merge into large spots, acquiring an irregular shape.
Pathological elements on the skin disappear in the same sequence as it appeared. First clean the face, then neck, torso, etc.
Rubella in newborns are observed quite often. Characterized by small red spots. They appear after the symptoms of the inflammatory process:
First rash appears in infants on the face, then it spreads all over the body. After 24-36 hours begin to fade. However, the risk of infection to others remains during five days.
Important: pregnant women are strictly prohibited to contact with patients with rubella due to the risk of violations of fetal development.
Three-day fever or baby roseola
Is a disease exclusively of children’s age. The vast majority of the clinical pictures of the sick little child up to 4 years of age. Runs in the background of a critical rise in body temperature, kept for 3 days.
Next, a rash appears on the neck in infants, the abdomen, lower and upper extremities. A distinctive feature – localized foci. Disappears in 4-7 days. To treat the rash need not be acceptable to use only antipyretic drugs.
Allergic skin rashes: causes and types
Small rash on face in infants may indicate an allergic reaction to any stimulus. As pathogens are various factors – food, household chemicals, environment.
If the rash is on the face of a newborn, but can also occur on the abdomen, hands and legs and other parts of the body, then suspect an allergic reaction provoked by contact with some allergen.
The rash initially manifested locally, in the place where the skin has come in contact with pathogens, then spreads to the whole body. Allergens is the dust, mold, saliva and the secret Pets, wool, etc.
Sometimes the rash is a result of the use of cosmetics on skin care baby wet wipes, shampoos, creams, talc.
Note: specialized tools are labeled «hypoallergenic» are not always so. This is due to the individual peculiarity of the organism.
Is side body’s reaction to heat ointments, syrups against cough, antibiotics and other drugs. Appear rashes on the face and head, have red or dark pink. Over time merge into conglomerates, there are itchy sensations. When to stop therapy skin returns to normal symptoms of anxiety disappears on its own.
Clinic hives red rash all over body itchy and scratched, drained in large formations, which are serous blisters. Observed on the abdomen, arms, cheeks, legs, neck. Due to physiological characteristics of a child with a high risk of developing angioedema.
Such a reaction can be triggered by all types of allergens – food, home, heat. The beginning is always sharp, warning signs are characterized by intensity and severity.
The sweating sickness
Pathology is not dangerous, creates a lot of inconvenience to the baby. The nature of the rash in infants, small bumps developing as a result of mechanical irritation of the skin. Out of frustration of heat transfer is manifested in areas where tight clothing.
If the baby is fed breast milk, the reaction may be products that are consumed mother. These include sweets, chocolate, citrus fruits, red vegetables, natural honey. Characterized by the manifestation of the rash on the face of the baby, belly and shoulders, legs and handles. The severity depends on the reaction of the body.
Small children complementary foods introduced slowly and consistently. No more than one new product a week. It is necessary to wait for the presence or absence of a reaction of the body to eliminate food allergies.
Atopic dermatitis is a serious disease of allergic nature. Rash appears as blisters, lesions which tend to merge. When healing creates dense crust. Most often disease is caused by contact and respiratory allergens.
Diaper dermatitis in baby – fine papular rash, occurs when prolonged contact with wet diapers. Feces and urine are strong stimuli that lead to diaper rash, erosions and oozing open sores.
The growth and adaptation of children’s organism
Rash on the head of infants, and other body areas occurs for many reasons. After birth, the babies have revealed the adaptation process that manifests in the skin, causing various pathological elements:
- Acne of the newborn. Red or discolored rash on the cheeks in infants (less on the nose, forehead and around the eyes). Education disappear on their own without the use of specific treatment;
- Irritation. During teething there is an increase salivation, which leads to small rashes on my chin;
- Toxic erythema shows itself on the abdomen, chest, folds. Goes away within a few days;
- Seborrheic dermatitis – solid and oily scales that often occur on the face and the neck, the head. Leveled independently during the year.
In the vast majority of pictures rash in newborns is not dangerous for health but its a must to see a doctor. There are infections that the rash is a signal to the body of serious illness.