The fungus Candida is the scientific name for yeast infection: what is it and how to treat

The fungi Candida and their description

Many women faced with an unpleasant disease — thrush. This disease causes a special kind of fungal infection – candidiasis. What is a fungus Candida, it dangerous, the microorganism, which in a healthy person performs certain functions, but the uncontrolled spread of illnesses.

  • Candida albicans: description
  • The types of thrush
  • Symptoms
  • What causes candidiasis?

Candida albicans: description

What is Candida? The fungus Candida is a single cell organisms that are ubiquitous in the natural world. Fungi Candida have more than 100 varieties, but most of them are not related to the development of diseases in humans. Candide — what’s that, an enemy or a helper oranism?

Some fungi of the genus Candida can affect the human body and cause severe illness, accompanied by pain, burning and itching. Studies show that 57% of carriers of an infection of the fungi of the genus Candida is on the mucous membranes of the oral cavity. The course and severity of the disease depends on to whom are the fungi Candida and also the immune system of the patient and presence of other chronic diseases.

What is Candida? It is the microorganisms that are in a healthy female body together with lactic acid bacteria and microorganisms create the right microflora. But in violation of the healthy balance of yeasts starts to grow uncontrolled, causing the disease.

A fungus of the genus candida can survive in a different environment, are resistant to the adverse effects, so sometimes the treatment of the fungus Candida is difficult.

The best environment for the development of fungi: lack of sunlight, the temperature of 21-37 degrees, high humidity. That is why the fungi multiply rapidly in the human body:

  • mouth;
  • on the genitals;
  • in the urethra;
  • on the internal organs;
  • in the gut.

The activity of fungal infection causes the disease thrush – scientifically candidiasis. The disease can manifest different symptoms, often a carrier of yeast infection don’t even know about the presence of the disease.

Important! The disease develops in the absence of restraining the growth of microorganisms from the body, that is, when the hypothermia, decreased immunity, violation of diet, stress and other situations.

The types of thrush

Candida is a yeast infection, but only if the fungal population exceeds the norm. Different types of Candida provoke various forms of thrush. How is called candidiasis depending on the severity or location? Experts have even developed the conventional classification of types of fungal infection, which helps determine the causes of the disease and the species Candida. Thrush can take many forms and types.

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  • Surface. The simplest and most easily treatable candidiasis, the fungus affects the skin, nails and mucous membranes. This disease is also called red or Terry thrush.
  • System. In this case, the fungus Candida penetrates the epithelium, affecting the internal organs. Possible disorders of the respiratory and digestive systems. This disease is more common in the presence of severe chronic diseases, causing the weakening of the immune response. System thrush found in AIDS patients or cancer diseases.
  • Sepsis. In this case candidiasis affects all systems of the body, spreading through the bloodstream. In this case, the treatment is very difficult. Sepsis is the scientific name for blood poisoning. From candidiasis occurs very rarely, in severe cases, possible death.
  • Please note! Without treatment superficial candidiasis may progress to a more severe form, causing system destruction of the body! Treatment of candidiasis requires the participation of a specialist and comply with all doctor’s instructions!

  • The acute form. The first stage, amenable to successful treatment with the correct diagnosis and determine the causes of disease. Symptoms appear 2 months after infection.
  • A chronic form. Occurs when the violation of rules of treatment or lack thereof, and also at the insensitivity of the fungal culture to the appointed medicines. The chronic form involves two kinds of fungus: or sluggish – persistent or systematic — recurrent.
  • Candidhosting form. In this case, the patient has no signs of illness or discomfort, while tests reveal the presence in the body of the culture of fungus Candida. The patient is a distributor of a fungal infection, and the disease will manifest itself in an active form by reducing the immunity. Therefore, this form also requires treatment.
  • Important! Any form of candidiasis requires careful treatment. The acute form can become chronic, chronic can cause system violations. So delay the treatment impossible, even if the patient «used to» manifestations of thrush and prefers self-medication.

    Experts share thrush not only by type of bacteria and diseases, but the affected area is necessary to determine the causes of disease and the appointment of competent treatment.

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  • The urogenital. The fungus Candida affects the urinary system, including the mucous membranes of the external genitalia and urinary tract.
  • Visceral. In this case, the fungal infection spreads through the epithelium, starting to affect the respiratory, nervous and digestive systems.
  • Of the oral cavity. Most common in children. Adults can catch this disease by kissing or oral sex with carriers of the fungal infection.
  • Candidiasis of skin and nails. Also called «congenital.». The disease is most common in infants people who got infected from his mother during birth or gestation.
  • Important! A yeast infection weakens the body, so the skin or mucous membranes can affect bacterial or viral illness. Therefore, the treatment should start quickly.


    Thrush – what is it? This is a disease that causes Candida fungus. Thrush, the medical name is candidiasis can affect both children and adult. The disease has no correlation with age or social status of the patient. Indeed, unprotected sex with unfamiliar partners can cause the infection is thrush, but it is the only cause of the disease. In addition, thrush is not a venereal disease, although it may indicate the presence of STDs.

    Symptoms of candidiasis of different locations:

    • White coating on the tongue, gums or cheeks;
    • Whitish discharge from the nose;
    • Redness and soreness of the affected areas;
    • Cheesy discharge from the vagina;
    • The appearance of a sour smell from the affected area;
    • Cracking of the infected area;
    • Itching, burning;
    • Soreness of sexual contact;
    • Increased libido.

    Please note! Itching and burning of the genitals can be caused by bacteria, not fungus. A yeast infection weakens the protective functions of the organism, which pathogenic bacteria can cause concomitant infection of the skin or mucous membranes.

    What causes candidiasis?

    Causes of candidiasis can be different: from health to adverse environmental influences. However, there are factors that often cause of candidiasis.

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  • Antibiotics. Drugs of this group are able to disturb the natural balance of microflora. If they found signs of candidiasis, the antibiotics cancel is not necessary, however, it is necessary to introduce antifungal agents.
  • Birth control drugs. Funds, increase the level of estrogen to stimulate the growth of a culture of Candida and cause thrush.
  • The psychological tension. Thrush can be a manifestation of stress, depression, nervous breakdown and other psychological overload.
  • Violation of the diet. The abundance of pastries, sweets, yeast of the text in the diet can cause thrush. The fungus Candida needs glucose and when you have it begins to proliferate actively.
  • Beer. In the composition of the intoxicating beverage is maltose, which refers to sugars and also is food for fungal infection.
  • Diabetes. Elevated blood sugar also creates favorable conditions for fungal culture and the appearance of thrush.
  • Violation of the rules of hygiene. Rare showers, the use of poor quality pads or tampons, wearing synthetic underwear encourage the growth of fungal population.
  • Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, including gastritis or frequent constipation, causes reduced immunity, causing a fungal infection gets favorable conditions for the development of
  • Please note! Candidiasis can affect several parts of the body, so treatment requires a comprehensive approach that includes medications and inside a local destination.

    How to treat candidiasis? Necessary for a complete examination by a gastroenterologist, urologist, gynecologist, get tested for STDs. Only then the doctor can prescribe adequate treatment taking into account the reasons that caused the disease.

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