The candida yeast-like: types and elements of the fungus
Description of fungus of the genus Candida
Yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida are more common than others the representatives of the fungal flora in the human body. This happens not because people today neglect hygiene and one and all, eat properly, and because fungi of this species are very easily adapt to the new environment. For their mass reproduction, the slightest violation of the acidity of the stomach. Modern scientists say different types of Candida, there are different way of spreading and morphology.
The first reference to candida albicans is celebrated also in the treatises of Hippocrates in the IV century BC, but in those days the symptoms of the disease, attributed to other diseases and did not notice the fungus as a separate disease. The current name of the fungi was only in 1939. It will be interesting to see what in the microflora of a healthy person the candida can be present in small quantities, and it is considered normal. If under the influence of adverse factors will begin the multiplication of fungal organisms, the doctors diagnosed illness, which in the vernacular is called thrush.
- Symptoms and causes of candidiasis
- Diagnosis and types of candidiasis
- Intestinal candidiasis invasive diffuse type
- Intestinal candidiasis invasive focal type
- Anorectal candidiasis dermatitis
- Oropharyngeal candidiasis
Symptoms and causes of candidiasis
Yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida are widely spread in the environment, they live in the soil, drinking water, food, on animals and on plants. Favorable conditions for active growth of Candida is the temperature of 21-37°C, and pH of 5.8 to 6.5 pH. Very often the first acquaintance with the fungi of this type occurs in the first few minutes after birth, because the pathogens are present in amniotic fluid and placenta, as well as on instruments and hands of staff of maternity hospital. In normal life infected with candidiasis can be using the same utensils with sick people, through sexual contact, and prolonged use of antibiotics. There is a group of factors that increase the likelihood of development of the fungus type of Candida in the human body:
- high ambient temperature that promotes perspiration and maceration of the skin;
- exposure to aggressive substances;
- microdamages and injuries of the skin;
- the constant presence in wet conditions and in areas with a high content of fungi spores in the air, for example, in the conditions of the confectionery production;
- neglect or excessive hygienic procedures;
- the presence in the body of endocrine diseases and diseases with a chronic course.
Yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida can cause a vitamin deficiency or pregnancy. Patients with immunodeficiencies are also constantly faced with Candida, their immune system is not able to withstand even conditionally pathogenic flora.
The clinical picture of the disease depends on which of all varieties of fungi strain, was distributed. Usually the first signs observed on the skin and mucous membranes of humans. Skin cover red inflammation with the formation of white residue. Sometimes, observed the development of papules and vesicles that deliver the strongest itching and burning of the skin in the affected area. If the infected genitals, the observed discharge is very white cheesy exudate. During urination may be felt as burning and during sexual intercourse noted a bit of pain. The most common fungus in the intestine, accordingly, symptoms such as disorders of defecation, flatulence, nausea, pain in the lower abdomen is not uncommon for candidiasis.
It should be mentioned that the patient with acute candidiasis symptoms feels intense, but after some time even without medical intervention, the symptoms of the disease start by themselves to disappear. At this time, most people mistakenly believe that thrush has receded, but actually develop chronic candidiasis of the skin and mucous membranes. Further, acute symptoms of candidiasis will be felt on a regular basis. What you can do doctors is to get rid of unpleasant signs of illness, fungal items they will not withdraw from the blood never.
Diagnosis and types of candidiasis
Diagnosis of fungal infections is carried out on the basis of visual examination and laboratory investigations — microscopy of the skin and seeding on Wednesday. Recently, very often used the method of PCR diagnostics, which involves the study of human blood for the presence of a particular type of antibodies that are produced by ingestion of the fungus in the body. In the case of candidiasis the vagina or penis, you may need to smear on flora.
It is very important to conduct a differential diagnosis of candidiasis with eczema, psoriasis, genital herpes, chlamydia, and onychodystrophy, onychomycosis, and seborrheic dermatitis. These diseases have very similar symptoms, but the principle of treating them differs significantly. Wrong by diagnosing the disease, you will spend a lot of time and can start the disease.
Based on the information in the diagnostic process, the doctor develops a treatment plan and performs selection of drugs for treatment. Independently put a diagnosis and buy medicines is strictly prohibited.
Intestinal candidiasis invasive diffuse type
Candidiasis generally divided into two types — invasive and non-invasive. Invasive implies the development of infection in epithelial tissue beyond the basement membrane. This condition is characterized by the formation of cracks, erosions on the mucous membranes and the skin. With progressive invasive candidiasis, observed damage nearby tissues and organs. Depending on the level of the lesion, marked diffuse candidiasis is a rare form with the heaviest flow. This type of disease is most common in HIV – infected persons, cancer patients, and in patients that are taking cytotoxic drugs or corticosteroids. Find out fungus Candida diffusion in the intestine, can be bloody diarrhea, abdominal pain, flatulence, and signs of systemic candidiasis.
Intestinal candidiasis invasive focal type
The second type of candidiasis that are divided according to the level of the lesion of the intestine and other organs, is the focal type. Usually a secondary manifestation of the disease that is marked against the background of ulcerative colitis and duodenal ulcer. Symptoms of candidiasis of the focal type, are in violation of defecation, hanging temperature, sharp pains in the abdomen, can be observed suppuration in the subcutaneous tissue, as well as violations of General health, and muscle spasms in the abdomen. Often observed in patients white patches on the skin and mucous membranes of the genitals, and mouth.
Causes of candidiasis of this type varied. The symptoms of the disease may appear after the treatment of ulcers on the background of surgical intervention on the organs of the peritoneum, while hemodialysis and also during catheterization of the bladder, or therapy with drugs that reduce gastric acidity.
Anorectal candidiasis dermatitis
This type of disease gives the person significant discomfort, after all, is characterized by the formation of small itchy rashes around the anus. Combing the sore area, the person infects new areas of my body, because the spores of the fungus get under the nail. Overall, the clinical picture of the development of thrush in the anal area, proctitis resembles leather and the lining of the rectum become swollen, the person is constantly tormented by the feeling of a foreign object in the anus, disturbed defecation. Have the spotting, pain during defecation, and the skin around the anus ulcers. The reason for the development of anal candidiasis can be improperly performed enema, the hemorrhoids injury anus resulting from sexual contacts and medical procedures.
Taking into account the sensitivity of the zone of inflammation, the majority of people who suffer the symptoms and do not seek qualified help, hoping that all will pass by itself, but you can’t do it. Only the correctly selected medicine will be able to eliminate itching, burning and unpleasant rashes that can be made during sexual intercourse with your partners.
In the presence of fungal cells in the body, it may develop oropharyngeal candidiasis. The disease affects mucous membranes of the mouth, cheeks, tongue, pharynx and gums. According to statistics, this form of yeast infection suffer 90% of people with cancer and undergoing chemotherapy. Oropharyngeal candidiasis — a clear indication of a weak immune system, the disease is characterized by the formation of white spots in the mouth that can blend together and form large pockets of fungal inflammation. In the early stages of the disease, such symptoms can be easily removed mechanically when brushing your teeth. A few months after the beginning of the fungal infection, the plaque is so compacted that attempts to eliminate it by mechanical means, lead to the formation of ulcers and erosions.
Candidiasis of this type of modern medicine is divided into:
- cheilitis – scaly lesions of the lips, which formed deep cracks;
- which restores cheilitis – erosion at the corners of his mouth with a white coating, in the vernacular this is called zaedy;
- gingivitis – inflammation of gums, a common symptom is the formation of a greyish-yellow film;
- glossitis is a lesion of oropharynx;
- stomatitis mass reproduction of fungi Candida in the mouth that can affect small painful rash inner part of the cheeks, tongue, gums and throat;
- tonsillitis – the formation of a white cheesy plaque on the tonsils;
- pharyngitis – inflammation of the pharynx.
Each of the forms orofaringealnom candidiasis requires individually approach to treatment, but includes all types of disease that if you run it, the fungus spreads to other organs, gradually affecting the whole body.
Modern medicine is very well studied yeast Candida and perfectly copes with them. Sometimes in order to get my life back to normal enough to drink one pill. Delaying treatment, you risk infecting your friends and relatives. You can plenty to think about who you have been infected with thrush or where did the fungus from you, but only on the way to the clinic. The absence of a qualified treatment is fraught with complications, the consequences of which are much harder to resolve than the yeast fungus.