The best means from a fungus of the foot: classification and characteristics
The onychomycosis and dermatomycoses, a group of common diseases that are characterized by the development of fungal infections in nails and skin of feet. Typically, these lesions arise from the reproduction of the same organisms. Treatment of dermato — and onychomycosis can have fundamental differences as to the penetration of active substance into the nail plate may become more difficult. The main therapeutic drugs is a remedy for foot fungus, which are selected individually after the necessary diagnostic measures.
Drugs for the treatment of fungal infections
Before using a medicinal product, typically, test is performed to determine the sensitivity of pathogens to the active ingredient of the drug. For this patient you must pass a special analysis, which is carried out through a fence of scrapings from the nail plate. This technique allows technicians to identify the causative agent. The main drugs for the treatment of dermato — and onychomycosis are:
- Funds from local action (various ointments, gels, creams, sprays and sprays);
- Drugs with a systemic action (oral drugs).
The use of the first group does not always guarantee a positive result, as the nail plate and skin are the main obstacle to the absorption of the active substance in the blood. The reason for this lack of effective action patients can experience relapses. Therefore, before using funds from the local therapeutic effect initially, you need to remove the affected portion of the nail. The greatest effect is observed with the integrated use of drugs local and systemic action.
The varnishes used for the treatment of nail plate, have a pronounced therapeutic effect, so their popularity is growing.
Lacquers with antifungal effect
Antifungal nail polishes — compounds composed of different components that has a drying effect, in particular ethanol, extracts, oils, etc. Due to the fact that varnishes are available in liquid form, they can penetrate into the interior of the nail plate, gradually filling all of its layers.
This group of drugs mainly used for treatment of fungal infections of toenails. But timely use of varnish can prevent the further spread of the disease in the surrounding skin. The most common and effective medications are:
- Delikten: used in massive mycotic lesions of the feet in combination with local preparations in the form of gels and ointments;
- The Belvedere: is appointed for disposal of the site of the nail plate, eliminates odor and manifestations of inflammatory reactions in the area of the skin;
- Mikosan: effective remedy for foot fungus, which is used with extensive lesions of the nail plate;
- Nail Expert: effective against yeast-like fungal flora, helps slow the growth of the colonies and their spread to neighboring areas.
Antifungal ointments, gels and creams
Effective local impact can have a ointments, gels and creams. Typically, they are used in the early stages of the disease and have little systemic impact. To start the treatment of dermato — and onychomycosis need from these medicines. Active ingredients are antifungal agents from the group of:
- Azole (for example, ointment or cream Clotrimazole, Nizoral cream, ointment Candide);
- Allylamines (for example, drug zistan cream, lamisil, Terbinafine, etc.).
Before applying any of the funds initially you need to take care of the toilet of the affected area: it is sufficient to wash it with warm water with soap and wipe dry with a towel. To date, the most effective is the impact this group of drugs in combination with preformed shapes. To use means against athlete’s foot recommended 2 times a day for 7-10 days, as the elimination of foot fungus in one application impossible.
Solutions and sprays with antifungal activity
- Solutions: Drug Zistan, Candide;
- Sprays Lamisil, Bifosin.
To achieve the desired effect of the drug has to be used twice a day. On pre-washed and dried the feet must apply to completely wet the affected surface, then allow it to dry. The duration of treatment is chosen individually and depends on its effectiveness.
Systemic antifungal agents
Drugs for systemic effects on the body are produced in the form of tablets, the course of treatment often lasts from 4 to 6 months. Before you define a scheme of further treatment the patient must undergo tests to help determine the specificity of the causative agent of mycosis of the foot and check for contraindications for use of the funds.
The basic principle of the appointment of antifungal therapy is the use of pulse therapy. The peculiarity of this treatment is the use of a short course of appointments of the drug in high dosage followed by a break. For the treatment of tinea and onychomycosis can be used systemic antifungal agents, the active ingredient of which is:
- Terbinafine (e.g., lamisil, Termex);
- Itraconazole (for example, Orungal);
- Fluconazo (for example, Notung, Mycosyst);
- Griseofulvin (for example, Mycosoral, Nizoral).
Approximately 95% of all cases of the above drugs show sufficient therapeutic effect. The main contraindications to the use of this group of drugs are: