Skin peeling face: causes peeling and what to do
Why scaly skin on the face?
Peeling of the epidermis on the face is a symptom of disruption of the natural processes in the skin, namely the renewal process of the epidermis. This happens in various diseases and the influence of external factors. The flaking on the face can be regardless of oily or dry skin you have. Often this process is supplemented by burning, itching, redness, pain and minor swelling.
- Why scaly skin on the face?
- Seborrheic dermatitis
- Adverse external factors
- Internal causes
- Treatment of dry facial skin
- Beauty treatments
- Treatment at home
Why scaly skin on the face?
In most cases peeling of the skin on the face is observed when vitamin deficiency (lack of vitamins) and dehydration. If we talk about why dry skin on my face, not to mention contact dermatitis. In this case, the inflammation of the skin caused due to exposure to various adverse factors, cosmetics and perfumes.
Examining the causes from which flakes the skin on the face, I should add that this problem rarely occurs because of seborrheic dermatitis, diathesis, psoriasis, ichthyosis or fungal. In these ailments the peeling of the facial skin appears, regardless of gender and age. Let us consider in more detail the reasons for peeling skin on the face.
It is a hereditary disease in which the upper layer of the epidermis is disturbed keratinization. Because of this, the skin becomes very dry, and severe peeling. There are several forms of this disease with different causes and clinical manifestations.
If peeling skin on face in men and women with ichthyosis, it is more typical for the vulgar forms of this disease. The disease occurs due to mutations in the gene for encoding the protein of the skin. As a result of this genetic defect is a violation of the structure and stabilization of another skin protein called keratin. He is responsible for the keratinization in the epidermal layer.
The symptoms of the disease can be seen in the first year of life. The disease can affect both sexes. The surge of ichthyosis is noted during puberty. In adulthood, the disease is less pronounced. The main signs of the disease:
- dryness of the skin;
- significant roughness;
- follicular hyperkeratosis.
If a person flakes oily skin this is a conditions like seborrheic dermatitis. The disease is accompanied by increased secretion of sebum. Because of this, the epidermis germs multiply and cause inflammation.
Important! When seborrheic dermatitis is most often a face peel in the center of the eyebrows and the folds from the nose, eyelashes, beards and mustaches for men.
The main causes flaking of the skin on the face in women and men with seborrheic dermatitis are associated with the activation of fungi of the Malassezia species. These microorganisms feed on sebum and are considered part of the normal microflora of the epidermis. Active proliferation of fungi is observed on the background of favorable factors (stress, sweating, oily skin, illness, decreased immunity, disruptions in the hormonal system, seasonality, heredity, etc.).
Interesting fact: seborrheic dermatitis often affects people with third blood group.
Can often be found peeling of the skin on the face in women due to vitamin deficiency. The same can be said about men and children. Often there is a lack of the following vitamins and minerals:
- nicotinic acid;
- vitamin PP;
- vitamins B6, A, E, B3, B7 and B2.
In this case, dry skin becomes very sensitive, hard and can be covered with cracks. Sometimes a vitamin deficiency occurs in alcoholism, dieting, after antibiotic therapy.
The cause of this disease is still unknown. It relates to noncommunicable chronic disease in which the skin is intermittently raised red scaly patches. It is believed that this disease is associated with immunopathological processes.
Psoriasis peeling skin on the face is usually localized in the temples and forehead. However, this is rare in psoriasis, so this symptom relates to the atypical form of this disease. It should say why the skin flakes psoriasis? It is associated with inflammatory phenomena in the skin resulting in hyperkeratosis.
If we talk about the skin peeling on the face in men, the causes are sometimes associated with fungal infection in his skin. Ringworm can infect children and women. There are two forms of this disease: tinea and pityriasis versicolor.
With colorful lichen irritation, redness and peeling of the epidermis occurs because of the metabolites of a fungus of the genus Malassezia. The reason for dermatofitia is the fungi dermatophytes. This variety of ringworm are considered contagious. The appearance of the disease can contribute to internal and external favourable factors.
Answering the question of why scaly skin on the face, it is worth mentioning diathesis. This disease is an allergic form, which is characterized by the appearance of allergic reactions, accompanied by peeling of the skin on the face. Such forms include atopic and contact dermatitis.
Often cause contact dermatitis be cosmetics, toothpastes, medical ointments, food, etc. Often this reaction happens by the bite of an insect. After the second contact with the allergen, the skin begins to itch, becomes swollen and red. On the surface may appear:
- serous crusts;
- the papules.
Often the skin on the face dries due to dehydration. This happens when there is insufficient liquids in the body (problems with the patency of the esophagus, water fasting, swallowing disorder, coma) or because of its improper excretion (diarrhea, vomiting, hemorrhage, burns, sweating, polyuria).
If the fabric was a decrease in body water, metabolic processes slow down, which leads to structural and functional changes. In the end, disturbed intercellular interaction and the production of new skin cells. This leads to the fact that it is very scaly and becomes very dry.
Adverse external factors
Very often dry skin on the face due to the influence of unfavourable external factors. These include the following:
- the increased humidity or dryness of air;
- the influence of temperature;
- ionizing radiation;
- some drugs.
The result of these factors, there is caused contact dermatitis. It differs from the allergic variety, this disease that is not associated with allergen exposure. Dryness and peeling appear after exposure to the agent of the stimulus.
If you have dry skin and is peeling, then the reason for this can be internal diseases and conditions. So, we can list the following internal problems that can cause dryness and peeling of the skin:
Treatment of dry facial skin
Now consider what to do if dry skin on my face? First of all, you need to resolve the causes of the problem. If it is an internal disease, they need treatment. You should drink plenty of fluids, eat a healthy diet, consume vitamins. If the cause was a fungus, your doctor may prescribe effective protivodiabeticheskie drugs and ointments.
Various beauty treatments rid of skin peeling. Best of all cope with this problem peeling. At home you can try different masks.
With peels you can quickly clean the skin of dirt, dead skin particles and clogged pores. There are several types of peels:
After peeling masks and cosmetic products better penetrate into the epidermis. Do mechanical exfoliation with scrubs on the basis of salt and sugar, cereal, coffee grounds, baking soda. If you have a facial skin is dry and flaky, what to do tell the beautician. A good effect can be achieved by using fruit peels.
Important! In some people the skin reacts badly to the use of scrubs and rubbing (usually it happens when the epidermis is sensitive or allergic dermatitis). Then it is better to use homemade beauty treatments.
Treatment at home
Treatment peeling facial skin is best done after exfoliation. Instead, you can use a mixture of lemon, cucumber and carrot juice with potato starch. All ingredients must be in equal proportions.
For treatment you can use the following mask:
For any type of skin will suit for a yeast mask. This yeast need to be dissolved to a creamy consistency with vegetable oil, milk, or hydrogen peroxide. Mask a lot of vitamin b that will be very useful when peeling caused by the deficiency.