Skin diseases in children and infection of the skin of the child
Common skin diseases in children
Baby skin diseases occur much more frequently than adults. Because children’s skin is more gentle, receptive and sensitive to mechanical, chemical irritants, infections, as well as internal changes. The appearance on the skin baby rashes, redness or blisters may signal malnutrition, the errors in the care, the presence of infection or serious genetic abnormalities. Therefore, to establish to identify skin diseases in children needs a doctor who will prescribe a suitable treatment and will be able to calm the agitated mother.
- Children’s atopic dermatitis
- Diaper dermatitis
- Urticaria in children
- The sweating sickness
- Acne in children
- Measles rubella
Children’s atopic dermatitis
Is a chronic inflammatory disease caused by genetic characteristics. Therefore, the risk of developing this disease is higher in children whose close relatives suffer from atopy.
Contributing factors to atopic dermatitis:
- increased sensitivity of the skin to external factors;
- disorders of the nervous system;
- infectious diseases of the skin;
- Smoking tobacco in the presence of the child;
- the high content of dyes and flavor enhancers in the food of the child;
- the use of inappropriate child care cosmetics;
- bad ecology.
The dermatitis most often affects children up to 12 years in older age, the disease manifests itself very rarely. When children’s atopy, the skin becomes very dry, starts to peel off and be spotty. Most often the rash is localized on the neck, folds of the elbows, face, knees. The disease has a fluctuating course, with periods of exacerbation followed by long remissions.
Inflammatory process and irritable on the baby’s skin that occurs when there is insufficient air circulation and moisture accumulation. Symptoms: rashes, blisters, redness and inflammation of the skin, in severe cases fissures and wounds festering. In the form of light is of the most common childhood ailments which can be treated with correction of the program of child care. Dermatitis, complicated by infectious disease requires the use of ointments and antibiotics.
Most often the disease occurs due to prolonged stay in tight diapers or diaper. Moist environment without air flow stimulates the proliferation of pathogens that cause infections of the skin. Diaper dermatitis usually occurs on the buttocks, lower abdomen, perineum of the child places that closes the diaper.
Contributing factors to nappy rash:
- long wearing clothes and diapers that prevent the skin breathing;
- prolonged skin contact with urine and stool;
- rare bathing of the child.
Found that diaper dermatitis often occurs with a complication – a fungal infection affecting the skin.
Urticaria in children
Baby disease of the skin accompanied by severe itching, rash and skin blisters. Gradually individual bubbles merge into one large lesion. The child may also experience fever and bowel disorders.
The factors contributing to urticaria:
- contact, food, or other allergies;
- viral and infectious diseases;
- exposure to ultraviolet rays;
- inappropriate temperature mode;
- insect bites.
Localization of disease: the lips, skin folds, eyelids, cheeks. Visually, the skin lesion resembles a burn from a nettle.
The sweating sickness
Dermatitis, caused by sweating. There are three types of disease, depending on the origin and manifested symptoms.
Crystalline miliaria appears white with bubbles up to 2 mm, and the rash may merge into a single lesion. Bubbles are easily damaged, which is peeling. Localization: the face, torso, neck. More common in babies up to two months.
Note. When red rash formed nodular rash with hyperemia on the periphery. The rash is not discharged, accompanied by itching, pressing a severe pain occurs.
Deep miliaria is characterized by the appearance of bubbles pale pink or beige. The disease affects the face, neck, and limbs. Penchant for deep the sweating sickness persists into adulthood. Miliaria is dangerous because the child increases the risk of infections infections.
The causes of the sweat:
- active blood flow and, consequently, hyperthermia;
- the lack of concern about the child too warm clothing;
- delicate and sensitive skin;
- poor development of the sweat ducts;
- oversaturation of the skin with water.
Important! Appeared skin rash it is impossible to smear with creams and baby lotions. You need to see a doctor for accurate diagnosis. The use of cosmetics can aggravate skin lesions.
Acne in children
Disease of the newborn, in which rashes appear white on the cheeks and chin. Can occur in the first six months of a child’s life. Occurs due to hormonal changes in the body and high estrogen levels, as well as clogging of the sebaceous ducts.
Acne that appears in childhood, do not require medical treatment. White or slightly yellowish papules are two weeks without leaving marks and scars. However, acne in children increase the risk of skin infection, therefore, require monitoring. About the presence of infection evidenced by erythema and swelling of the skin around the acne.
Disease of the skin, causing skin infection with staphylococci. The presence of skin disease in children evidence of serious health problems, and requires the advice of a doctor and subsequent treatment.
Reasons for a skin infection can be external and internal. External factors: wearing tight clothing, improper hygiene. Internal problems more difficult to resolve, as it can be acquired or congenital immunodeficiency, the presence of diseases of the nervous and endocrine systems.
The development of boils: the formation of painful infiltrate with indistinct borders, cause swelling and increase pain, opening. With the aging of boil out and rod contents. Then the sores on the body heals, leaving a scar.
Important!A purulent discharge is necessary to immediately clean and disinfect the area of skin around the boil. The sore may be a medium for other infections, and the pus may infect healthy skin areas and cause a carbuncle. This is inflammation of several United boils.
Skin disease caused by a bacterial infection. When the disease is observed a flat, flaccid blisters with clear fluid. Affected skin on the buttocks, under the nose, scratches or other damage to the skin. The child must show a doctor who after examination and diagnosis, prescribe ointment or antibiotic for oral administration. Nails of the child should be cut short so he can’t hurt the bubbles and spread skin infections on healthy areas of skin.
This is a children’s disease provokes the German measles virus, whose incubation period is up to three weeks. When a child’s illness, a slight fever, chills, and pink spots on the face, torso, limbs. Usually spot disappear in three days. In disease glands behind the ears and on the neck can swell up. The symptoms are sometimes similar to other illnesses, including flu, accompanied by prickly heat.
Important!To make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe treatment only after the blood test. The child is sick with rubella should be isolated from contact with pregnant women as the virus is dangerous for fetal development.
Viral infectious disease that most often affects children up to two years. Have a healthy child suddenly high fever, which subsides on the third day. Then on the body the rash appears pink through the day. With rubella, the child should be given plenty of fluids and reduce the fever.
Skin disease of viral origin with fever, cough. When measles eyes bloodshot and sensitive to light. Red rash all over body appears on the fourth day, the inner part of the cheeks white spots are observed. The spread of the rash down from face to the extremities.
The beginning of the infectious period occurs 3-5 days before the appearance of the rash and lasts until the disappearance of the spots. Gradually, the rash becomes light brown pigmentation starts to peel off. This disease affects children not vaccinated against measles. The disease can be fatal.
Skin diseases in children require prophylaxis:
- execution of hygienic procedures;
- timely treatment of infectious diseases;
- daily air baths;
- the use of clothing made of natural fabrics;
- maintain a healthy temperature;
- frequent and thorough cleaning;
- compliance with the rules of complementary foods;
- providing the child a sufficient quantity of liquid.
Bubbles on the baby’s skin cannot be pierced, brush with alcohol lotions and creams for the skin. To diagnose childhood diseases and prescribe remedies for the treatment needs a doctor.