Rubella in children and the symptoms of it and treatment
The symptoms of rubella in children and the treatment of the disease
Rubella is predominantly a childhood disease, although there are cases of adults. Among the diseases of the infectious type, rubella, the child occupies a special place, because it carries a significant risk of the immune system, and organs of the developing organism. Many parents don’t even know what it looks like disease, but on the Internet there are a lot of photos rubella which looks quite scary.
A feature of the disease is a manifestation of the rash on the face and other parts of the body of the child. The rash of measles is a bright red color, and the skin swells at sites of inflammation and become painful. If not promptly seek help, it is possible to encounter atypical form of the disease, to eliminate which it is possible only in a hospital.
- Features of the course of the disease
- The symptoms of rubella
- Why the disease is dangerous to children?
- Treatment of rubella in kids
- Vaccination as a method of prevention
Features of the course of the disease
Measles in children measles is a highly contagious disease, the disease is spread by airborne droplets. Often note outbreaks of disease in areas with large concentrations of people, particularly in kindergartens, schools and other sections of preschool education. There are some cases when the disease is seen in the newborn, he gets infected in the process of its development from the sick mother. Throughout the year, the child will be potentially dangerous to others, as there is a carrier of the disease. The incubation period in children with acquired rubella is 16 days.
It will be interesting to see what the measles virus can live for 6-8 hours indoors, no matter what the temperature and humidity. To kill the virus can kvartsevanie.
How to manifest rubella, known to few, there are actually several stages of its introduction into the body. When breathing in, the infection gets into the mucous membranes of the tonsils and larynx. Further, the pathogen is introduced into the capillary and begins to multiply massively, with blood spread all over the body. Characteristic symptoms are observed, as a rule, after three days, but they are often confused with the flu and try to treat at home.
At the beginning of rubella, like measles affects lymph nodes in neck and groin, they grow and become more dense to the touch. Once the child feels weakness and aching joints the next day will manifest the typical symptoms in which it can be argued that the beginning of the measles.
Photos of the rash of rubella is that you can find on specialized sites on the Internet, and compare it to the current version if you have doubts that the child contracted this disease. Accurate diagnosis can put the therapist that is necessary to seek advice.
The symptoms of rubella
The symptoms of rubella can wear different intensity in children of different age categories. The first signs of rubella in children are common, they are:
- the increase in temperature;
- the sore throat;
- paroxysmal cough;
- mild rhinitis;
- capricious if the baby is sick.
The main symptom is the rash of rubella in children, it resembles a large red spots, flakes or in rare cases, papules covered with transparent content. Papules these depending on the complexity of the course of disease, can blend together, and form extensive erythema.
The most initial stage of the disease, lesions appear on the face, near the ears and at the back of the baby’s neck. After a few days the manifestation of rubella is amplified and observed the localization of the rash on the shoulders, back, belly, crotch and thighs. Later, the lesions of the rash noted on legs of the child.
If you don’t know how to recognize rubella, and to go to the doctor is not possible, inspect the palms and soles of the feet of the child. In contrast to allergies and insect bites, rubella in children the symptoms are not display in these areas of the body.
In the photo the symptoms of the infection may look slightly different than in real life, and it can be confusing. You must learn how to distinguish early disease, because the babies potnichka, mumps, rubella and measles look almost identical. Mistakenly identifying the disease, you risk facing a number of serious complications and further damage the health of the child.
The symptoms of rubella in children begins to subside after 10 days, as a rule. The appearance of appetite, the baby stops to act up, improved sleep, no pain in the throat. The only point that is worrying most parents, there are enlarged lymph nodes. They can stay for 20 days, this is a normal reaction of the body.
Why the disease is dangerous to children?
Rubella in infants, as already mentioned above, can develop due to the fact that sick mother. Congenital rubella in infants is very dangerous and requires close attention of physicians, because there may be a syndrome of multiple defects of internal organs. Often symptoms in children with congenital rubella rash are not limited to, associated with meningococcal disease and streptococcal.
Rubella in children is dangerous because at birth the child does not have their own immunity, it is those antibodies that he received from his mother. Around the age of 1 year, this immunity ends and begins in the body to produce its own. If at this time to receive rubella in infants, he not having had time to develop antibodies, you may face serious pathologies, the development of internal organs, blindness, hearing loss and mental retardation.
Treatment of rubella in kids
How to treat rubella in children may say only a qualified physician based on a thorough examination and laboratory tests. Despite the high level of medicine, today there is no one specific drug that would help to eliminate the symptoms and completely cure the disease. To treat measles in a child can be at home, hospitalization is indicated only for infants with convulsions, and, if there is a congenital form of rash, photos of which can be seen on the Internet.
Treatment of rubella in children is receiving immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory drugs. Antibiotics are unable to eliminate symptoms of disease, they are assigned only if there are complications such as pneumonia. Usually prescribed medication «Wobenzym», it has no age restrictions, and anti-inflammatory effect. If the disease be in the phase of the rash, and the baby hard to endure the itching, may be administered antihistamines, such as:
During the development of this disease as rubella rash is exhausting constant itching of the baby, may occur high fever, then antipyretics are shown. In General, parents should start the treatment from the nature of the symptoms. For sore throat use of anti-inflammatory sprays, headache nausea tylenol with a cold drip vasoconstrictor drops.
You need to ensure peace, increased drinking regime, as well as to protect it from other inhabitants of the apartment. To interact with people without the likelihood of infection, he may later, 2 weeks after the rash.
Vaccination as a method of prevention
Looking looks like rubella in children picture on the Internet, most parents wonder how to protect your baby, and to prevent disease. Today there is a special vaccine against the disease, it is included in the list of mandatory vaccinations planned. Vaccination is carried out at a certain age — children in 1 year, at 6 and 12. The vaccine contains in its composition a weak virus, which the child’s body to learn to fight, and as a result, produces antibodies. If in the future, the body will re-encounter disease, it will be ready, and easy to deal with it without serious consequences.
Looking at the photo of rubella every parent to agree that it is better to go through the routine vaccination than to fight this contagious disease. Today, many people give up this method of prevention, because not fully understand what is rubella and how it can be displayed on the human condition, especially when he infected at adult age.
Most of the children can easily tolerate immunization, sometimes may be a slight rise in temperature that passes without medical intervention. Mild side effects are nothing compared to how illness begins in adulthood. Vaccination is valid for 10 years, so it is necessary from time to time to repeat.
Reoccurs again after vaccination, the disease can not, your child will be fully protected. Even if you have similar symptoms, the root of all evil need to look in other viral diseases like rubella, the body will already have immunity. If rubella in children or its symptoms, treatment and prevention, how to, now you know. When faced with this disease, you will already theoretically prepared, and thus armed. The initial stage of the disease is not «pass you by» unnoticed, and will be immediately cropped with appropriate drugs.