Rubella and its symptoms in adults: how to look and what to treat
Rubella symptoms and treatment
Rubella or as it is called, German measles refers to diseases of viral etiology. The causative agent of rubella resistant to the adverse effects of the external environment, as well as temperature changes, so it can infect people at any time of the year and under all conditions. The symptoms of rubella can appear in adults and in children as the disease has increased containest. According to statistics, most often the disease puts children and, less frequently, of women and men aged 21-40 years. Elderly infection seldom affected.
- The mechanism of the disease and its types
- The disease in pregnant women
- Treatment of rubella
- Vaccination against rubella
The mechanism of the disease and its types
Contracting rubella can be airborne. The incubation period of rubella is 16 days, at this time can easily be between friends and acquaintances, not knowing that carries the infection. Previously, there was a tremendous outbreak, but thanks to immunization, the epidemic ceased, and now the disease is sporadic.
The disease can be transmitted from a sick mother while carrying the child. If intrauterine infection, children are born already sick and, as a rule, over time, they develop malformations, intellectual impairment, blindness, deafness and pathology of the internal organs. If a pregnant woman ill with rubella, it is recommended to do abortion.
Measles German measles in adults and children begins to act the same infection, once in the human body is localized in the lymph nodes, causing their enlargement. Very often patients are misdiagnosed at this time, the mumps. With the blood, the virus enters the skin and begins to proliferate, causing the development of a rash. Red spots localized on all areas of the skin, and deliver not only the physical suffering of man, but also emotional discomfort, because to lead a normal life, he can not.
Rubella in men and women is divided into two types, depending on the nature of the manifestation:
- typical rubella;
Atypical measles symptoms is less marked, not marked fever and skin rash, but a sick man may take a longer time to infect the people that are with him.
According to the severity of the disease are distinguished:
- mild form – as barely visible, no fever;
- moderate form — the patient suffers from headaches, intoxication, pronounced rash and fever;
- severe form is characterized by a temperature that bad strays, severe itching, redness and swelling of the skin, nausea, violation of the bowel, and severe intoxication.
It should be mentioned that in childhood, the disease is transferred much easier. Rubella in an adult the symptoms are showing more aggressive, and usually provokes a huge amount of complications.
How does rubella know a little, so people often confuse it with insect bites and allergic reactions. Today looks like rubella adult photo you can find online on many sites and if you get a match, immediately go to the doctor.
If rubella symptoms and treatment occurs in different ways, depending on the age of the patient. In adults symptoms three days after infection. Immediately understand that this is signs of rubella may not be everything, because they resemble the common cold. For the initial stage is characterized by:
- lack of appetite;
- body aches;
- a slight rise in temperature;
- watery eyes;
- swollen lymph nodes;
- runny nose;
- muscle pain;
- sore throat;
- decreased performance;
- pain in the liver area.
The initial phase ends a week later and the stage of lesions. The adult and children, at this stage, to show a red spot on the skin that has a fuzzy shape, it is very itchy, and people seek his comb. A few days later, in the area of redness observed the rash of rubella. Externally is a papules with clear content, fluid inside these papules encompasses most of the infection. When she gets on healthy skin, it affects them as well.
Specifying how to manifest rubella, I would like to mention that first of all, the lesions of the rash to appear on the face, scalp and abdomen. After a couple of days infectious rash spread to the whole body, the more serious is the disease, the brighter will be dressed up mockingly rash. Sometimes the papules coalesce into one big spot and form a vast weeping erythema, which bring severe suffering to the patient, they bleed, itch and hurt.
It will be interesting to know what the symptoms of rubella are absent on the palms and soles of the feet, this point is very often facilitates the diagnosis of the disease.
The disease in pregnant women
The impact of the disease on the body is very strong, especially if the woman is carrying a child. In most cases, in the first trimester of pregnancy if the pregnant woman was infected, the infection kills the embryo. If the symptoms of rubella in adults, pregnant women was manifested weakly, and the fetus is able to survive, it develops severe defects and deformities.
In the second trimester of pregnancy increase the protective forces of the baby in the womb. If a woman get infected, the infection is not so strongly affect the child’s body, but still provoke inflammation in some organs. At this stage, it is possible to reverse changes in fetal development.
In the third trimester of pregnancy serious complications of the disease the child does not Bode well, but he is born with rubella. Throughout the years of his life, he will carry a potential threat to others. Sometimes, children with congenital rubella are lagging behind their peers.
Treatment of rubella
Treatment of rubella in adults to last a lot longer than in children. How to treat rubella in adults, so I can’t exactly say the doctors, the therapy is based on removing the characteristic symptoms of the pathological process. For example, when the increase in body temperature and in fever, the person prescribed Paracetamol, Nurofen, Aminopyrine and other antipyretic drugs.
If there is cough, it is shown Efferalgan and Codelac, if the wet cough is Bad and drugs from the group of mucolytics. Runny nose eliminate vasoconstrictors in type Xylene and Camelina. When the person experiences severe skin itching, antihistamine prescribed drugs – Suprastin Pipolfen.
Pain in muscles and joints cropped nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs but they are prescribed by the attending physician individually. Rubella is often accompanied by conjunctivitis, to eliminate lettece and relieve inflammation buried Sulfacetamide. If the runny nose and General malaise will help you feel better antiviral agent is Arbidol, Amizon and Isoprinosine.
If there has been a strong increase in the lymph nodes, can be assigned to the UHF region of the head and the back of the neck. Be sure to isolate the sick person from others, to provide him rest and bed rest. Recommended to drink plenty of liquids.
Very important in the prevention of disease. If your environment is sick, only prevention will help you to protect yourself. To avoid illness, it is recommended to use immunocorrectors and immunomodulators-Anaferon, Cycloferon, Viferon, Ascorutin and vitamin C.
Rubella in boys and girls, what ill can have serious consequences, but even worse, if the disease has faced a grown, Mature man. Among the most severe consequences note:
- disorders of the nervous system;
- swelling of the brain;
All of these complications require hospital treatment and are characterized by a long period of rehabilitation, so it’s best not to ignore the disease and at first the symptoms immediately begin drug therapy.
Vaccination against rubella
Vaccination against rubella for adults is optional. Women are recommended prevention of the disease 6 months before planning pregnancy. Vaccination against rubella is included in the list of scheduled vaccination. For girls and boys, the vaccine is the same, vaccinations against rubella are doing in 1 year, 6 years and 12 years. Adult revaccination occurs in two stages, a flu shot, do two times, the effect usually remains for 10 years. Immunity to rubella in the body after vaccination has been formed throughout the 20 days.
It is forbidden to make a vaccine to people in the period of exacerbation of chronic illnesses, women when carrying a baby, and also for cancer and blood disorders. In most cases, vaccinated people are well tolerated, rarely has a dry cough and a slight increase in temperature.
Prevention of rubella is a very reasonable solution, and it is safe to note that women who refuse to give their children vaccinations against rubella, are wrong. To disease you and your children weren’t shown, of course you can improve the immune system, eating vitaminoterapie products and tempered, but the body is better able to cope with the pathogen, if you already will be familiar with him. The vaccine contains weakened measles virus, fighting with him, the body produces antibodies to the disease. When re-injected it into the blood, the body no problem with it. Remember that any disease is easier to prevent than to deal with the consequences of its development and complications that it can cause in the body.