Perianal dermatitis: irritation and itching around the anus

What is perianal dermatitis: symptoms and treatment

Irritation around the anus brings discomfort, but many people do not go to the doctor with this sensitive issue. And in vain, because itching around the anus may be the cause of many serious diseases that require immediate treatment. This can be perianal dermatitis – a disease provoked by the infection with parasites or a disease of the jeep, hemorrhoids. Therefore, you should first contact the therapist, and then to the proctologist or other specialist.

  • Possible symptoms of pruritus of the anus
  • The factors causing perianal dermatitis
  • Diagnosis and treatment

Possible symptoms of pruritus of the anus

Itching around the anus or in the anus can be caused by various reasons, some of them are not associated with the disease directly. For accurate diagnosis requires inspection of the irritated area and also tests.

What symptoms can accompany the itching around the anus:

  • redness;
  • rash;
  • inflammation of the skin;
  • putrid smell;
  • the formation of ulcers;
  • the swelling of the veins and the appearance of cones;
  • irritation of the skin;
  • pain;
  • bleeding.

Accurate description of symptoms related anal itching, will help to establish the cause of the disease. Often the itching causes of perianal dermatitis – inflammation in the anus. The disease can appear at any age. Causes of perianalnogo dermatitis a lot, so treatment involves removal of the symptoms and addressing the factors that caused the disease.

The factors causing perianal dermatitis

Cause itching, swelling and redness near the anus may be one or several factors.

  • The lack of hygiene. Rare body wash, lack of cleansing the area between the buttocks after definately can cause irritation in the area near the anus and severe itching. Gradually the skin becomes inflamed, leading to severe damage and expression of tissue, the appearance of purulent processes.
  • Important! In children perianal dermatitis caused by an infrequent change of diapers, a bad wash the area between the buttocks, lack of air baths.

  • Wearing tight underwear. Too tight pants can RUB the area between the buttocks, causing trauma to the skin and a burning sensation or itching. It is especially dangerous to wear briefs g-string and tight-fitting shorts, pierce into the body. Synthetic linen are also able to cause adult discomfort in the perianal region.
  • Hemorrhoids. The initial stage of hemorrhoids may be concerned about the appearance of itching, swelling of the veins, protrusion of the skin around the anus. Also hemorrhoids observed:
    • bleeding;
    • constipation;
    • pain with bowel movements;
    • a burning sensation;
    • false urge to defecation.
    READ  Very severe sweating of the whole body - causes and treatment

    Perianal dermatitis hemorrhoids in the formation of skin cracks, which can get pot, causing a burning sensation.

  • Gastritis, dysbiosis. In violation of digestion in the intestine may remain pieces of food, which irritate the intestine and anus, from which it begins to itch and itch. It causes redness, but no swelling. In this case, you must take a laxative to bring the remains of undigested food from the body.
  • Inflammation, fistula, fracture, polyps. Inflammatory processes or neoplasms in the intestine can cause dermatitis of the perianal area, as well as a sense of gravity and not a complete bowel movement. Please consult with the proctologist, especially if itching appeared on the background of chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, surgery.
  • Please note! With perianal dermatitis caused by disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, requires mandatory consultation of the gastroenterologist!

  • Parasites. Itching in the rectum and around the anus can cause many parasites, including pinworms and tapeworms. It is also possible the expression of the skin, weight loss, vomiting, pain. If untreated, parasites can come from the rectum, obkladyvaya the area around the anus and genitals. In advanced cases, parasites can occupy the entire intestine, causing severe pain in the anus, perforation of intestinal wall, intestinal obstruction. Cysts of parasites can penetrate into the respiratory system causing the lungs.
  • Disorders of the endocrine system. Some endocrine disorders can manifest as severe itching of the anus, other abnormalities may not manifest for a long time. Severe obesity, as a rule, speaks about the endocrine causes itching in the anus. Perianal itching is also possible in diabetes.
  • Important! If perianal dermatitis hormonal disorders, it is necessary to refer to the endocrinologist and the proctologist!

  • Diseases of the reproductive system. Many STDs and diseases of the genitourinary system may be accompanied by itching in the back hole and genitals. In particular, these feelings causes candidiasis, prostatitis, sexually transmitted diseases, urethritis and others. There is redness of the perineal region, the appearance of discharge, unpleasant odor.
  • Important! At suspicion on disease of the reproductive system is necessary to address to the urologist and to the venereologist. Women should visit a gynecologist.

  • Allergies. In rare cases, an allergic reaction can only affect the anus, although usually the reaction spreads over the whole body, especially the face. Allergies can be to foods, cosmetics, medicines and chemicals.
  • Ingrowing hair. During long periods of sitting or waxing the area around the anus, the hair begins to change the direction of growth. It causes severe skin irritation and itching.
  • Fungal or bacterial disease. In some cases infection of the anus fungal infection where the skin is itchy. Perhaps the appearance of bubbles, rash, discharge or pustules, the appearance of plaque.
  • Disease of the jeep. The disease is characterized by the appearance of multiple blisters filled with pus. Bubbles independently opened after aging, after which stay on the skin sores that heal slowly. The pus from the vesicles causes a further spread of infection. The disease can cause the appearance of fistulas requiring surgical treatment.
  • Important! Any factors that causes itching of the anus, requires approval of a specialist. Only after installation you can start the treatment of perianal dermatitis in adults.

    Diagnosis and treatment

    In the diagnosis and identification of the causes of the disease, the doctor inspects a damaged site, asks the patient about the way of life. After that, you want to be tested: blood, scrapings, feces.

    READ  Atopic dermatitis and its treatment in adults

    Also, the patient is directed to study:

    • colonoscopy;
    • Ultrasound;
    • the coprogram;
    • x-rays;
    • ractogram.

    Treatment of dermatitis of the anus include local effects: flushing solutions, the use of antifungal or antiseptic agents. Zinc ointment promotes healing of tissues. You may also want to accept the internal preparations for the normalization of hormonal levels, eliminate parasites, improve digestive function or other.

    Important! Drugs and local agents are appointed only to determine the nature of the disease. Self-treatment and self-selection means may aggravate the disease!

    To relieve symptoms and accelerate the recovery may be designated physiotherapy: laser treatment or ultrasound and magnetotherapy. You can also treat the disease with the sitz baths with decoctions of herbs or drugs.

    To relieve the symptoms before the doctor will prescribe a full course of treatment, you can use the tools of General application, relieves itching and swelling. Group effective means of exterior exposure included:

    • Aurobin – rectal ointment, relieves inflammation, burning and itching. Promotes healing.
    • Holestein – candles to ease the symptoms including itching and pain.
    • Droproot cream that suppresses inflammatory and allergic reactions, eliminates pain and swelling, itching.

    Can also be used for washing inflamed tissue around the anus solutions, relieving pain and swelling. For washing, you can use a soda solution, Chlorhexidine, dissolved Furacilin. You can also use infusions and decoctions of medicinal herbs: oak bark, nettle, peppermint, chamomile, succession.

    Please note! In the treatment of dermatitis in anus, you cannot use self-made candles from fat, potatoes, cucumbers, oil! This contributes to the worsening of the condition.

    READ  Athlete's foot: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

    Popular articles